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British Hip Society (BHS) meeting, held online, 9–11 June 2021.


Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has been established as an effective technique to treat symptomatic hip dysplasia in young patients. Its role in treating borderline dysplasia and acetabular retroversion is evolving.

The aim of this study was to:

  1. Examine the prospectively collected outcomes following a minimally invasive PAO in a large cohort of patients

  2. Compare the outcomes of patients with severe dysplasia, borderline dysplasia and acetabular retroversion.

This is a single-surgeon review of patients operated in a high-volume centre with prospectively collected data between 2013 and 2020, and minimal followup of six months. PAO was performed using a minimally invasive modified Smith Peterson approach. 387 patients were operated during the study period and 369 eligible patients included in the final analysis. Radiographic parameters were assessed by two authors (GS and KB) with interrater reliability for 25 patients of 84–95% (IntraClass Coefficient). Patient reported outcome measures (i-HOT 12, NAHS, UCLA and EQ-5D) were collected prospectively. Case note review was also performed to collate complication data and blood transfusion rates.

Radiological parameters improved significantly after surgery with Lateral centre-edge angle (LCEA) improving by 16.4 degrees and Acetabular index (AI) improved by 15.8 degrees.

Patient reported outcome measures showed significant improvement in post-op NAHS, iHOT and EQ5D at 2 years compared to pre-op scores (NAHS=30.45, iHOT=42, EQ5D=0.32, p=0.01). This significance is maintained over 2 years post procedure (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the three groups (severe dysplasia, borderline dysplasia and acetabular retroversion).

Clinical outcomes showed an overall complication rate n=31, 8.3% (Major complication rate: n=3, 0.81%). Non-union rate: n=11, 2.96% of which 3 required fixation (0.81%). Hip arthroscopy post PAO: n=7, 1.9%. Conversion to THR: n=4, 1.1%. Blood transfusion requirement: n=46, 12.5%. No patient developed a major neurovascular injury.

In this large single-centre study, patients had radiological and reported outcome improvements following surgery. Overall, there was a low complication rate, providing further evidence of the safety and efficacy of PAO for ameliorating pain and long-lasting results in the management of symptomatic hip dysplasia.