header advert
Results 1 - 15 of 15
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1487 - 1490
1 Nov 2018
Teramoto A Shoji H Kura H Sakakibara Y Kamiya T Watanabe K Yamashita T


The aims of this study were to evaluate the morphology of the ankle in patients with an osteochondral lesion of the talus using 3D CT, and to investigate factors that predispose to this condition.

Patients and Methods

The study involved 19 patients (19 ankles) who underwent surgery for a medial osteochondral lesion (OLT group) and a control group of 19 healthy patients (19 ankles) without ankle pathology. The mean age was significantly lower in the OLT group than in the control group (27.0 vs 38.9 years; p = 0.02). There were 13 men and six women in each group. 3D CT models of the ankle were made based on Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) data. The medial malleolar articular and tibial plafond surface, and the medial and lateral surface area of the trochlea of the talus were defined. The tibial axis-medial malleolus (TMM) angle, the medial malleolar surface area and volume (MMA and MMV) and the anterior opening angle of the talus were measured.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1237 - 1243
1 Sep 2017
Emori M Kaya M Irifune H Takahashi N Shimizu J Mizushima E Murahashi Y Yamashita T


The aims of this study were to analyse the long-term outcome of vascularised fibular graft (VFG) reconstruction after tumour resection and to evaluate the usefulness of the method.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 49 patients who had undergone resection of a sarcoma and reconstruction using a VFG between 1988 and 2015. Their mean follow-up was 98 months (5 to 317). Reconstruction was with an osteochondral graft (n = 13), intercalary graft (n = 12), inlay graft (n = 4), or resection arthrodesis (n = 20). We analysed the oncological and functional outcome, and the rate of bony union and complications.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 1, Issue 9 | Pages 198 - 204
1 Sep 2012
Iwase T Takebayashi T Tanimoto K Terashima Y Miyakawa T Kobayashi T Tohse N Yamashita T


In order to elucidate the influence of sympathetic nerves on lumbar radiculopathy, we investigated whether sympathectomy attenuated pain behaviour and altered the electrical properties of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in a rat model of lumbar root constriction.


Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three experimental groups. In the root constriction group, the left L5 spinal nerve root was ligated proximal to the DRG as a lumbar radiculopathy model. In the root constriction + sympathectomy group, sympathectomy was performed after the root constriction procedure. In the control group, no procedures were performed. In order to evaluate the pain relief effect of sympathectomy, behavioural analysis using mechanical and thermal stimulation was performed. In order to evaluate the excitability of the DRG neurons, we recorded action potentials of the isolated single DRG neuron by the whole-cell patch-clamp method.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1142 - 1147
1 Sep 2009
Nagoya S Kaya M Sasaki M Tateda K Kosukegawa I Yamashita T

Total hip replacement for high dislocation of the hip joint remains technically difficult in terms of preparation of the true acetabulum and restoration of leg length. We describe our experience of cementless total hip replacement combined with a subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy in 20 hips with Crowe grade IV dislocation with a mean follow-up of 8.1 years (4 to 11.5). There was one man and 17 women with a mean age of 55 years (44 to 69) at the time of the operation.

After placment of the acetabular component at the site of the natural acetabulum, a cementless porous-coated cylindrical femoral component was implanted following a subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy.

The mean Japanese Orthopedic Association hip score improved from a mean of 38 (22 to 62) to a mean of 83 points (55 to 98) at the final follow-up. The mean lengthening of the leg was 14.8 mm (−9 to 34) in patients with iliofemoral osteoarthritis and 35.3 mm (15 to 51) in patients with no arthritic changes. No nerve palsy was observed.

Total hip replacement combined with subtrochanteric shortening femoral osteotomy in this situation is beneficial in avoiding nerve injury and still permits valuable improvement in inequality of leg length.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 6 | Pages 784 - 788
1 Jun 2009
Kaya M Wada T Nagoya S Sasaki M Matsumura T Yamashita T

We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the prognostic significance of the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in predicting the survival of patients with osteosarcoma. The levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 15 patients with osteosarcoma before commencing treatment. The patients were divided into two groups, with a high or a low serum VEGF level, and the incidence of metastases and overall survival rate were compared.

No significant relationship was observed between the serum VEGF levels and gender, age, the size of the tumour or the response to pre-operative chemotherapy. Patients with a serum VEGF > 1000 pg/ml had significantly worse survival than those with a level < 1000 pg/ml (p = 0.002). The serum VEGF level may be useful in predicting the prognosis for survival in patients with osteosarcoma.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 2 | Pages 140 - 144
1 Feb 2008
Nagoya S Kaya M Sasaki M Tateda K Yamashita T

We evaluated triple-phase bone scintigraphy in the differential diagnosis of peri-prosthetic infection in 46 patients with a total hip replacement or bipolar hemiarthroplasty who were due for revision surgery. There were 18 men and 28 women, with a mean age at operation of 64.6 years (28 to 81). We defined peri-prosthetic infection as an increased uptake of radioisotope in all the phases of triple-phase bone scintigraphy and validated these results against the histological and/or microbiology results in every case.

The positive and negative predictive values for the presence of infection were 83% and 93%, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity was 88% and the specificity was 90%.

This study indicates that triple-phase bone scintigraphy is a useful tool in the detection of peri-prosthetic infection and offers a cost-effective method of screening.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1666 - 1672
1 Dec 2007
Mizuno S Takebayashi T Kirita T Tanimoto K Tohse N Yamashita T

A rat model of lumbar root constriction with an additional sympathectomy in some animals was used to assess whether the sympathetic nerves influenced radicular pain. Behavioural tests were undertaken before and after the operation.

On the 28th post-operative day, both dorsal root ganglia and the spinal roots of L4 and L5 were removed, frozen and sectioned on a cryostat (8 μm to 10 μm). Immunostaining was then performed with antibodies to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) according to the Avidin Biotin Complex method. In order to quantify the presence of sympathetic nerve fibres, we counted TH-immunoreactive fibres in the dorsal root ganglia using a light microscope equipped with a micrometer graticule (10 x 10 squares, 500 mm x 500 mm). We counted the squares of the graticule which contained TH-immunoreactive fibres for each of five randomly-selected sections of the dorsal root ganglia.

The root constriction group showed mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. In this group, TH-immunoreactive fibres were abundant in the ipsilateral dorsal root ganglia at L5 and L4 compared with the opposite side. In the sympathectomy group, mechanical hypersensitivity was attenuated significantly.

We consider that the sympathetic nervous system plays an important role in the generation of radicular pain.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 659 - 663
1 May 2007
Wada T Kawai A Ihara K Sasaki M Sonoda T Imaeda T Yamashita T

We evaluated the construct validity of the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society rating scale (Enneking score) as a functional measure for patients with sarcoma involving the upper limb. We compared the Enneking score by examining the correlation between two patient-derived outcome measures, the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) as indicators of functional status in 40 patients with malignant or aggressive benign bone and soft-tissue tumours of the upper limb who had undergone surgical treatment.

The frequency distributions were similar among the three scoring systems. As for the validity, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient of the Enneking score to the DASH questionnaire was −0.79 and that of the Enneking to the SF-36 subscales ranged from 0.38 to 0.60. Despite being a measure from the surgeon’s perspective, the Enneking score was shown to be a valid indicator of physical disability in patients with malignant or aggressive benign tumours of the upper limb and reflected their opinion.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 4 | Pages 554 - 557
1 Apr 2006
Takebayashi T Cavanaugh JM Kallakuri S Chen C Yamashita T

To clarify the pathomechanisms of discogenic low back pain, the sympathetic afferent discharge originating from the L5-L6 disc via the L2 root were investigated neurophysiologically in 31 Lewis rats. Sympathetic afferent units were recorded from the L2 root connected to the lumbar sympathetic trunk by rami communicantes. The L5-L6 discs were mechanically probed, stimulated electrically to evoke action potentials and, finally, treated with chemicals to produce an inflammatory reaction. We could not obtain a response from any units in the L5-L6 discs using mechanical stimulation, but with electrical stimulation we identified 42 units consisting mostly of A-delta fibres. In some experiments a response to mechanical probing of the L5-L6 disc was recognised after producing an inflammatory reaction. This study suggests that mechanical stimulation of the lumbar discs may not always produce pain, whereas inflammatory changes may cause the disc to become sensitive to mechanical stimuli, resulting in nociceptive information being transmitted as discogenic low back pain to the spinal cord through the lumbar sympathetic trunk. This may partly explain the variation in human symptoms of degenerate discs.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 3 | Pages 394 - 395
1 Mar 2006
Kaya M Nagoya S Yamashita T Niiro N Fujita M

We report a case of peri-prosthetic tuberculous infection nine years after total hip arthroplasty in a patient with no history of tuberculosis before the procedure. Further investigation revealed active pulmonary tuberculosis which was thought to have spread haematogeneously to the arthroplasty. The infection did not respond to standard antituberculous drugs. Removal of the prosthesis and insertion of an antibiotic spacer were required.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1627 - 1630
1 Dec 2005
Nagoya S Nagao M Takada J Kaya M Iwasaki T Yamashita T

We performed rotational acetabular osteotomy in order to treat dysplasia of the hip in five ambulatory adults with cerebral palsy. There was one man and four women, with a mean age of 21 years (16 to 27) who were followed up for a mean of 12 years and two months.

The mean Sharp angle improved from 52° to 43°, the mean acetabular index from 30.2° to 2.8°, the mean centre-edge angle from −5.6° to 29.2°, and the mean acetabular head index from 49.2 to 88.2. There was no progression of joint degeneration and relief from pain was maintained.

Our results suggest that rotational acetabular osteotomy is a valuable option for the treatment of acetabular dysplasia in adults with cerebral palsy who have incapacitating pain in the hip.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 1 | Pages 143 - 147
1 Jan 2004
Kaya M Wada T Nagoya S Kawaguchi S Isu K Yamashita T

Concomitant tumour resistance (CTR) is a unique phenomenon in which animals harbouring large primary tumours are resistant to the growth of smaller metastatic tumours by systemic angiogenic suppression. To examine this clinically, in ten patients with osteosarcoma, we investigated the effects of removal of the primary tumour on the development of pulmonary metastases, the systemic angiogenesis-inducing ability and the serum levels of several angiogenesis modulators.

We found that removal of the primary tumour significantly elevated systemic angiogenesis-inducing ability in five patients who had post-operative recurrence of the tumour. Post-operative elevation of the angiogenesis-induced ability was suppressed by the addition of an angiogenic inhibitor, endostatin. Also, primary removal of the tumour decreased the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and endostatin.

These findings suggest, for the first time, the presence of CTR in patients with osteosarcoma for whom postoperative antiangiogenic therapy may be used to prevent the post-operative progression of micrometastases.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1121 - 1124
1 Nov 2000
Nagoya S Usui M Wada T Yamashita T Ishii S

We treated four patients with periacetabular malignant tumours by pelvic reconstruction with a free vascularised fibular graft after resection of the tumour. The mean follow-up period was 32 months (9 to 39). The diagnosis was chondrosarcoma in three patients and osteosarcoma in one. In two patients total resection of the hemipelvis was required and in the other two less, but still massive, resection was undertaken. All were treated with an immediate free vascularised fibular graft which included arthrodesis of the hip and reconstruction of the pelvic ring.

One patient died. The other three have remained free from recurrence. Solid union of the graft was achieved between four and 14 months after surgery. Shortening of the involved limbs was less than 2 cm. The patients had no pain and were independent walkers without external support. Emotional acceptance was satisfactory.

Our results suggest that reconstruction with the use of a free vascularised graft is an alternative to other types of reconstructive procedure after resection of periacetabular tumours.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 3 | Pages 499 - 503
1 May 1998
Yamashita T Ishii S Usui M

We performed resection of part of an injured peripheral nerve in 20 patients with post-traumatic neuralgia, after conservative treatment had failed. All had burning pain, paraesthesia and dysaesthesia in the area innervated by the injured nerve. We resected the nerve in the area in which the patient felt pain, and a further 3 cm proximal to the site of injury.

In all cases, the local pain disappeared or markedly decreased. The areas of pain relief and of nerve resection coincided completely in 17 patients and partially in three. The results were assessed as excellent by five patients, good by 11, and fair by four. There were no poor results.

Histological examination of the resected nerves showed Wallerian degeneration and immunohistochemical tests indicated that substance P, a polypeptide which may contribute to nociceptive transmission, was present in the tissue around the degenerated nerves.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 3 | Pages 490 - 493
1 May 1997
Takebayashi T Yamashita T Minaki Y Ishii S

We have studied the mechanosensitive afferent units in the lateral ligament of the ankle of the cat, with reference to the causes of lateral instability after injury, using electrophysiological recording from the lumbar dorsal rootlets.

We identified 30 mechanosensitive units in the lateral ligament; 28 (93%) were located near the attachment to the fibula and calcaneus, which included both low-threshold group-II units and low- and high-threshold group-III units. Our results indicate that there are both proprioceptors and nociceptors in the lateral ligament of the cat ankle, and confirm that afferent fibres from the lateral ligament may contribute to the stability of the joint by regulation of position and movement.