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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 1, Issue 8 | Pages 494 - 499
18 Aug 2020
Karia M Gupta V Zahra W Dixon J Tayton E


The aim of this study is to determine the effects of the UK lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic on the orthopaedic admissions, operations, training opportunities, and theatre efficiency in a large district general hospital.


The number of patients referred to the orthopaedic team between 1 April 2020 and 30 April 2020 were collected. Other data collected included patient demographics, number of admissions, number and type of operations performed, and seniority of primary surgeon. Theatre time was collected consisting of anaesthetic time, surgical time, time to leave theatre, and turnaround time. Data were compared to the same period in 2019.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1176 - 1181
1 Aug 2010
Tayton E Evans S O’Doherty D

We implanted titanium and carbon fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP) femoral prostheses of the same dimensions into five prosthetic femora. An abductor jig was attached and a 1 kN load applied. This was repeated with five control femora. Digital image correlation was used to give a detailed two-dimensional strain map of the medial cortex of the proximal femur. Both implants caused stress shielding around the calcar. Distally, the titanium implant showed stress shielding, whereas the CFRP prosthesis did not produce a strain pattern which was statistically different from the controls. There was a reduction in strain beyond the tip of both the implants.

This investigation indicates that use of the CFRP stem should avoid stress shielding in total hip replacement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1283 - 1288
1 Oct 2007
Tayton E

In an adult man the mean femoral anteversion angle measures approximately 15°, for which the reasons have never been fully elucidated.

An assortment of simian and quadruped mammalian femora was therefore examined and the anteversion angles measured. A simple static mathematical model was then produced to explain the forces acting on the neck of the femur in the quadruped and in man. Femoral anteversion was present in all the simian and quadruped femora and ranged between 4° and 41°. It thus appears that man has retained this feature despite evolving from quadrupedal locomotion.

Quadrupeds generally mobilise with their hips flexed forwards from the vertical; in this position, it is clear that anteversion gives biomechanical advantage against predominantly vertical forces. In man with mobilisation on vertical femora, the biomechanical advantage of anteversion is against forces acting mainly in the horizontal plane. This has implications in regard to the orientation of hip replacements.