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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 7 | Pages 925 - 927
1 Jul 2007
Jackson WFM Tryfonidis M Cooke PH Sharp RJ

Correction of valgus deformity of the hindfoot using a medial approach for a triple fusion has only recently been described for patients with tight lateral soft tissues which would be compromised using the traditional lateral approach. We present a series of eight patients with fixed valgus deformity of the hindfoot who had correction by hindfoot fusion using this approach.

In addition, we further extended the indications to allow concomitant ankle fusion. The medial approach allowed us to excise medial ulcers caused by the prominent medial bony structures, giving simultaneous correction of the deformity and successful internal fixation.

We had no problems with primary wound healing and experienced no subsequent infection or wound breakdown. From a mean fixed valgus deformity of 58.8° (45° to 66°) pre-operatively, we achieved a mean post-operative valgus angulation of 13.6° (7° to 23°). All the feet were subsequently accommodated in shoes. The mean time to arthrodesis was 5.25 months (3 to 9).

We therefore recommend the medial approach for the correction of severe fixed valgus hindfoot deformities.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1039 - 1047
1 Aug 2006
Kotnis R Pasapula C Anwar F Cooke PH Sharp RJ

Advances in the design of the components for total ankle replacement have led to a resurgence of interest in this procedure.

Between January 1999 and December 2004, 16 patients with a failed total ankle replacement were referred to our unit. In the presence of infection, a two-stage salvage procedure was planned. The first involved the removal of the components and the insertion of a cement spacer. Definitive treatment options included hindfoot fusion with a circular frame or amputation. When there was no infection, a one-stage salvage procedure was planned. Options included hindfoot fusion with an intramedullary nail or revision total ankle replacement. When there was suspicion of infection, a percutaneous biopsy was performed. The patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months.

Of the 16 patients, 14 had aseptic loosening, five of whom underwent a revision total ankle replacement and nine a hindfoot fusion. Of the two with infection, one underwent fusion and the other a below-knee amputation. There were no cases of wound breakdown, nonunion or malunion.

Management of the failed total ankle replacement should be performed by experienced surgeons and ideally in units where multidisciplinary support is available. Currently, a hindfoot fusion appears to be preferable to a revision total ankle replacement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 7 | Pages 999 - 1005
1 Sep 2003
Sharp RJ Wade CM Hennessy MS Saxby TS

We investigated 29 cases, diagnosed clinically as having Morton’s neuroma, who had undergone MRI and ultrasound before a neurectomy. The accuracy with which pre-operative clinical assessment, ultrasound and MRI had correctly diagnosed the presence of a neuroma were compared with one another based on the histology and the clinical outcome.

Clinical assessment was the most sensitive and specific modality. The accuracy of the ultrasound and MRI was similar and dependent on size. Ultrasound was especially inaccurate for small lesions.

There was no correlation between the size of the lesion and either the pre-operative pain score or the change in pain score following surgery.

Reliance on single modality imaging would have led to inaccurate diagnosis in 18 cases and would have only benefited one patient. Even imaging with both modalities failed to meet the predictive values attained by clinical assessment.

There is no requirement for ultrasound or MRI in patients who are thought to have a Morton’s neuroma. Small lesions, < 6 mm in size, are equally able to cause symptoms as larger lesions. Neurectomy provides an excellent clinical outcome in most cases.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 4 | Pages 486 - 488
1 May 2002
Sharp RJ Chesworth T Fern ED

Patient warming systems are used routinely to prevent hypothermia under anaesthesia. Airflow from warming blankets may potentially influence bacterial counts either by pumping ‘dirty air’ from floor level to the operating area or by blowing the patients’ skin cells into the operating field from airflow under the blanket. Using slit-air sampling we analysed the air quality within a laminar-flow theatre at a simulated operating site. We assessed the effect of ‘high shedding of skin’ under the blanket using volunteer patients with psoriasis. We also simulated general theatre activity outside the laminar-flow area in order to determine whether the bacterial counts in the operating field were affected.

No colonies were grown in any of the groups tested and our results suggest that the patient warming system does not influence bacterial counts at the operating site in an ultraclean air-ventilated theatre, even with patients who have high shedding of skin cells.