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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 6 | Pages 741 - 748
1 Jun 2015
Bonnin MP Neto CC Aitsiselmi T Murphy CG Bossard N Roche S

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the geometry of the proximal femur and the incidence of intra-operative fracture during uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA).

We studied the pre-operative CT scans of 100 patients undergoing THA with an uncemented femoral component. We measured the anteroposterior and mediolateral dimensions at the level of division of the femoral neck to calculate the aspect ratio of the femur. Wide variations in the shape of the femur were observed, from round, to very narrow elliptic. The femurs of women were narrower than those of men (p < 0.0001) and small femurs were also narrower than large ones. Patients with an intra-operative fracture of the calcar had smaller and narrower femurs than those without a fracture (p < 0.05) and the implanted Corail stems were smaller in those with a fracture (mean size 9 vs 12, p < 0.0001).

The variability of the shape of the femoral neck at the level of division contributes to the understanding of the causation of intra-operative fractures in uncemented THA.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:741–8.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 9 | Pages 262 - 272
1 Sep 2014
Gumucio J Flood M Harning J Phan A Roche S Lynch E Bedi A Mendias C


Rotator cuff tears are among the most common and debilitating upper extremity injuries. Chronic cuff tears result in atrophy and an infiltration of fat into the muscle, a condition commonly referred to as ‘fatty degeneration’. While stem cell therapies hold promise for the treatment of cuff tears, a suitable immunodeficient animal model that could be used to study human or other xenograft-based therapies for the treatment of rotator cuff injuries had not previously been identified.


A full-thickness, massive supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear was induced in adult T-cell deficient rats. We hypothesised that, compared with controls, 28 days after inducing a tear we would observe a decrease in muscle force production, an accumulation of type IIB fibres, and an upregulation in the expression of genes involved with muscle atrophy, fibrosis and inflammation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 142 - 142
1 Jan 2007