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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 4 | Pages 530 - 534
1 May 2002
Bhojraj S Nene A

We have reviewed, retrospectively, 66 adult patients who were treated for lumbar or lumbosacral tuberculosis. A total of 45 had a paravertebral or epidural abscess, 24 had clinical instability and 18 presented with a radiculopathy, of which six also had a motor deficit. The diagnosis was usually made on clinical and radiological grounds and they were followed up until there were clinical and radiological signs of full recovery.

Conservative treatment with antituberculous drugs was successful in 55 patients (83%). None had persistent instability, radiculopathy or neurological compromise. We feel that tuberculous spondylodiscitis, especially in the lumbar spine, can usually be satisfactorily managed conservatively and that there are few indications for surgical treatment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 3 | Pages 488 - 494
1 May 1993
Nene A Evans G Patrick J

We assessed the outcome after simultaneous multiple operations performed on 18 children with spastic diplegia, with emphasis on the changes in the physiological cost index (PCI) of walking. Fourteen patients had a measurable reduction at one year, but the more severely affected patients took up to two years to reach a new functional plateau. The level of the preoperative PCI allows prediction of the outcome of surgery in terms of reducing the effort of walking, or improving its appearance only. Intrapelvic intramuscular psoas tenotomy produced an improvement of hip flexion deformity in 15 of 17 patients without the loss of muscle power to initiate the swing phase. Fractional lengthening corrected hamstring tightness in 17 cases, and the mean popliteal angle was reduced from 63 degrees preoperatively to 30.2 degrees, with almost complete resolution of the fixed knee flexion deformity present in ten patients. Distal transfer of the rectus femoris, when it was shown to be contracting inappropriately, improved the knee flexion arc during walking from a mean of 28.3 degrees to 45.2 degrees.