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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 5, Issue 6 | Pages 247 - 252
1 Jun 2016
Tabuchi K Soejima T Murakami H Noguchi K Shiba N Nagata K


The objective of this study was to determine if the use of fascia lata as a tendon regeneration guide (placed into the tendon canal following harvesting the semitendinosus tendon) would improve the incidence of tissue regeneration and prevent fatty degeneration of the semitendinosus muscle.

Materials and Methods

Bilateral semitendinosus tendons were harvested from rabbits using a tendon stripper. On the inducing graft (IG) side, the tendon canal and semitendinosus tibial attachment site were connected by the fascia lata, which was harvested at the same width as the semitendinosus tendon. On the control side, no special procedures were performed. Two groups of six rabbits were killed at post-operative weeks 4 and 8, respectively. In addition, three healthy rabbits were killed to obtain normal tissue. We evaluated the incidence of tendon tissue regeneration, cross-sectional area of the regenerated tendon tissue and proportion of fatty tissue in the semitendinosus muscle.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 1, Issue 9 | Pages 218 - 224
1 Sep 2012
Tabuchi K Soejima T Kanazawa T Noguchi K Nagata K


The purpose of this study was to evaluate chronological changes in the collagen-type composition at tendon–bone interface during tendon–bone healing and to clarify the continuity between Sharpey-like fibres and inner fibres of the tendon.


Male white rabbits were used to create an extra-articular bone–tendon graft model by grafting the extensor digitorum longus into a bone tunnel. Three rabbits were killed at two, four, eight, 12 and 26 weeks post-operatively. Elastica van Gieson staining was used to colour 5 µm coronal sections, which were examined under optical and polarised light microscopy. Immunostaining for type I, II and III collagen was also performed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 5 | Pages 682 - 687
1 May 2006
Kanazawa T Soejima T Murakami H Inoue T Katouda M Nagata K

We studied bone-tendon healing using immunohistochemical methods in a rabbit model.

Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament was undertaken using semitendinosus tendon in 20 rabbits. Immunohistochemical evaluations were performed at one, two, four and eight weeks after the operation. The expression of CD31, RAM-11, VEGF, b-FGF, S-100 protein and collagen I, II and III in the bone-tendon interface was very similar to that in the endochondral ossification. Some of the type-III collagen in the outer layer of the graft, which was deposited at a very early phase after the operation, was believed to have matured into Sharpey-like fibres. However, remodelling of the tendon grafted into the bone tunnel was significantly delayed when compared with this ossification process. To promote healing, we believe that it is necessary to accelerate remodelling of the tendon, simultaneously with the augmentation of the ossification.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 4 | Pages 593 - 597
1 May 2001
Kamikawa K Harada Y Nagata K Moriya H

Sterilisation by gamma irradiation in the presence of air causes free radicals generated in polyethylene (PE) to react with oxygen, which could lead to loss of physical properties and reduction in fatigue strength. Tissue retrieved from failed total hip replacements often has large quantities of particulate PE and most particles associated with peri-implant osteolysis are oxidised. Consequently, an understanding of the cellular responses of oxidised PE particles may lead to clarification of the pathogenesis of osteolysis and aseptic loosening.

We have used the agarose system to demonstrate the differential effects of oxidised and non-oxidised PE particles on the release of proinflammatory products such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) from monocytes/ macrophages (M/M). Oxidised PE particles were shown to stimulate human M/M to phagocytose and to release cytokines. Oxidation may alter the surface chemistry of the particles and enhance the response to specific membrane receptors on macrophages, such as scavenger-type receptors.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 228 - 232
1 Mar 2000
Tanaka H Nagata K Goto T Hoshiko H Inoue A

We assessed the unloading effect of the patellar tendon-bearing (PTB) cast in five healthy volunteers using a new system for analysis of dynamic plantar pressure. We devised a method to improve the unloading effect of the PTB cast, and tested this using the same system.

Our findings showed that the conventional PTB cast only achieved unloading of 30% of the body-weight and that the part of the cast on the leg had a more important role in the unloading than that which was in contact with the patellar tendon. When the depth of the free space under the foot inside the PTB cast was 1, 2 and 3 cm, the unloading effect was 60%, 80% and 98%, respectively.

The unloading effect of the conventional PTB cast was disappointing at only 30% of body-weight. It was improved by producing a space between the sole of the foot and the cast, and was adjustable by altering the depth of this space.