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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 11 | Pages 826 - 834
17 Nov 2022
Kawai T Nishitani K Okuzu Y Goto K Kuroda Y Kuriyama S Nakamura S Matsuda S


The preventive effects of bisphosphonates on articular cartilage in non-arthritic joints are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral bisphosphonates on the rate of joint space narrowing in the non-arthritic hip.


We retrospectively reviewed standing whole-leg radiographs from patients who underwent knee arthroplasties from 2012 to 2020 at our institute. Patients with previous hip surgery, Kellgren–Lawrence grade ≥ II hip osteoarthritis, hip dysplasia, or rheumatoid arthritis were excluded. The rate of hip joint space narrowing was measured in 398 patients (796 hips), and the effects of the use of bisphosphonates were examined using the multivariate regression model and the propensity score matching (1:2) model.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 2 | Pages 200 - 205
1 Feb 2022
Orita K Goto K Kuroda Y Kawai T Okuzu Y Matsuda S


The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of first-generation annealed highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA).


We retrospectively evaluated 29 patients (35 hips) who underwent THA between December 2000 and February 2002. The survival rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Hip joint function was evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. Two-dimensional polyethylene wear was estimated using Martell’s Hip Analysis Suite. We calculated the wear rates between years 1 and 5, 5 and 10, 10 and 15, and 15 and final follow-up.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1604 - 1610
1 Oct 2021
Takaoka Y Goto K Tamura J Okuzu Y Kawai T Kuroda Y Orita K Matsuda S


We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) cemented acetabular components and assess whether any radiolucent lines (RLLs) which arose were progressive.


We retrospectively reviewed 170 patients who underwent 187 total hip arthroplasties at two hospitals with a minimum follow-up of ten years. All interventions were performed using the same combination of HXLPE cemented acetabular components with femoral stems made of titanium alloy. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for the primary endpoint of acetabular component revision surgery for any reason and secondary endpoint of the appearance of RLLs. RLLs that had appeared once were observed over time. We statistically assessed potential relationships between RLLs and a number of factors, including the technique of femoral head autografting and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 36 - 42
1 Jun 2020
Nishitani K Kuriyama S Nakamura S Umatani N Ito H Matsuda S


This study aimed to evaluate the association between the sagittal alignment of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and new Knee Society Score (2011KSS), under the hypothesis that outliers such as the excessive extended or flexed femoral component were related to worse clinical outcomes.


A group of 156 knees (134 F:22 M) in 133 patients with a mean age 75.8 years (SD 6.4) who underwent TKA with the cruciate-substituting Bi-Surface Knee prosthesis were retrospectively enrolled. On lateral radiographs, γ angle (the angle between the distal femoral axis and the line perpendicular to the distal rear surface of the femoral component) was measured, and the patients were divided into four groups according to the γ angle. The 2011KSSs among groups were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. A secondary regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the 2011KSS and γ angle.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 10 | Pages 451 - 458
1 Oct 2019
Kuroda Y Tanaka T Miyagawa T Kawai T Goto K Tanaka S Matsuda S Akiyama H


Using a simple classification method, we aimed to estimate the collapse rate due to osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in order to develop treatment guidelines for joint-preserving surgeries.


We retrospectively analyzed 505 hips from 310 patients (141 men, 169 women; mean age 45.5 years (sd 14.9; 15 to 86)) diagnosed with ONFH and classified them using the Japanese Investigation Committee (JIC) classification. The JIC system includes four visualized types based on the location and size of osteonecrotic lesions on weightbearing surfaces (types A, B, C1, and C2) and the stage of ONFH. The collapse rate due to ONFH was calculated using Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, with radiological collapse/arthroplasty as endpoints.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 7 | Pages 787 - 792
1 Jul 2019
Goto K Kuroda Y Kawai T Kawanabe K Matsuda S


In the 1990s, a bioactive bone cement (BABC) containing apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic (AW-GC) powder and bisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate resin was developed at our hospital. In 1996, we used BABC to fix the acetabular component in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 20 patients as part of a clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term results of primary THA using BABC.

Patients and Methods

A total of 20 patients (three men and 17 women) with a mean age of 57.4 years (40 to 71), a mean body weight of 52.3 kg (39 to 64), and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 23.0 kg/m2 (19.8 to 28.6) were evaluated clinically and radiologically. Survival analyses were undertaken, and wear analyses were carried out using a computer-aided method.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 3 | Pages 126 - 135
1 Mar 2019
Sekiguchi K Nakamura S Kuriyama S Nishitani K Ito H Tanaka Y Watanabe M Matsuda S


Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is one surgical option for treating symptomatic medial osteoarthritis. Clinical studies have shown the functional benefits of UKA; however, the optimal alignment of the tibial component is still debated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of tibial coronal and sagittal plane alignment in UKA on knee kinematics and cruciate ligament tension, using a musculoskeletal computer simulation.


The tibial component was first aligned perpendicular to the mechanical axis of the tibia, with a 7° posterior slope (basic model). Subsequently, coronal and sagittal plane alignments were changed in a simulation programme. Kinematics and cruciate ligament tensions were simulated during weight-bearing deep knee bend and gait motions. Translation was defined as the distance between the most medial and the most lateral femoral positions throughout the cycle.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 6, Issue 1 | Pages 43 - 51
1 Jan 2017
Nakamura S Tian Y Tanaka Y Kuriyama S Ito H Furu M Matsuda S


Little biomechanical information is available about kinematically aligned (KA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to simulate the kinematics and kinetics after KA TKA and mechanically aligned (MA) TKA with four different limb alignments.

Materials and Methods

Bone models were constructed from one volunteer (normal) and three patients with three different knee deformities (slight, moderate and severe varus). A dynamic musculoskeletal modelling system was used to analyse the kinematics and the tibiofemoral contact force. The contact stress on the tibial insert, and the stress to the resection surface and medial tibial cortex were examined by using finite element analysis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 1 | Pages 56 - 61
1 Jan 2012
Kawahara S Matsuda S Fukagawa S Mitsuyasu H Nakahara H Higaki H Shimoto T Iwamoto Y

In posterior stabilised total knee replacement (TKR) a larger femoral component is sometimes selected to manage the increased flexion gap caused by resection of the posterior cruciate ligament. However, concerns remain regarding the adverse effect of the increased anteroposterior dimensions of the femoral component on the patellofemoral (PF) joint. Meanwhile, the gender-specific femoral component has a narrower and thinner anterior flange and is expected to reduce the PF contact force. PF contact forces were measured at 90°, 120°, 130° and 140° of flexion using the NexGen Legacy Posterior Stabilized (LPS)-Flex Fixed Bearing Knee system using Standard, Upsized and Gender femoral components during TKR. Increasing the size of the femoral component significantly increased mean PF forces at 120°, 130° and 140° of flexion (p = 0.005, p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). No difference was found in contact force between the Gender and the Standard components. Among the patients who had overhang of the Standard component, mean contact forces with the Gender component were slightly lower than those of the Standard component, but no statistical difference was found at 90°, 120°, 130° or 140° of flexion (p = 0.689, 0.615, 0.253 and 0.248, respectively).

Upsized femoral components would increase PF forces in deep knee flexion. Gender-specific implants would not reduce PF forces.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1210 - 1216
1 Sep 2011
Mitsuyasu H Matsuda S Fukagawa S Okazaki K Tashiro Y Kawahara S Nakahara H Iwamoto Y

We investigated whether the extension gap in total knee replacement (TKR) would be changed when the femoral component was inserted. The extension gap was measured with and without the femoral component in place in 80 patients with varus osteoarthritis undergoing posterior-stabilised TKR. The effect of a post-operative increase in the size of the femoral posterior condyles was also evaluated. The results showed that placement of the femoral component significantly reduced the medial and lateral extension gaps by means of 1.0 mm and 0.9 mm, respectively (p < 0.0001). The extension gap was reduced when a larger femoral component was selected relative to the thickness of the resected posterior condyle. When the post-operative posterior lateral condyle was larger than that pre-operatively, 17 of 41 knees (41%) showed a decrease in the extension gap of > 2.0 mm. When a specially made femoral trial component with a posterior condyle enlarged by 4 mm was tested, the medial and lateral extension gaps decreased further by means of 2.1 mm and 2.8 mm, respectively.

If the thickness of the posterior condyle is expected to be larger than that pre-operatively, it should be recognised that the extension gap is likely to be altered. This should be taken into consideration when preparing the extension gap.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1180 - 1185
1 Sep 2008
Hamai S Miura H Higaki H Shimoto T Matsuda S Iwamoto Y

Mechanical failure because of wear or fracture of the polyethylene tibial post in posteriorly-stabilised total knee replacements has been extensively described. In this study of 12 patients with a clinically and radiologically successful NexGen LPS posteriorly-stabilised prosthesis impingement of the anterior tibial post was evaluated in vivo in three dimensions during gait using radiologically-based image-matching techniques.

Impingement was observed in all images of the patients during the stance phase, although the NexGen LPS was designed to accommodate 14° of hyperextension of the component before impingement occurred. Impingement arises as a result of posterior translation of the femur during the stance phase. Further attention must therefore be given to the configuration of the anterior portion of the femoral component and the polyethylene post when designing posteriorly-stabilised total knee replacements.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1025 - 1031
1 Aug 2008
Mizu-uchi H Matsuda S Miura H Okazaki K Akasaki Y Iwamoto Y

We compared the alignment of 39 total knee replacements implanted using the conventional alignment guide system with 37 implanted using a CT-based navigation system, performed by a single surgeon. The knees were evaluated using full-length weight-bearing anteroposterior radiographs, lateral radiographs and CT scans.

The mean hip-knee-ankle angle, coronal femoral component angle and coronal tibial component angle were 181.8° (174.2° to 188.3°), 88.5° (84.0° to 91.8°) and 89.7° (86.3° to 95.1°), respectively for the conventional group and 180.8° (178.2° to 185.1°), 89.3° (85.8° to 92.0°) and 89.9° (88.0° to 93.0°), respectively for the navigated group.

The mean sagittal femoral component angle was 85.5° (80.6° to 92.8°) for the conventional group and 89.6° (85.5° to 94.0°) for the navigated group.

The mean rotational femoral and tibial component angles were −0.7° (−8.8° to 9.8°) and −3.3° (−16.8° to 5.8°) for the conventional group and −0.6° (−3.5° to 3.0°) and 0.3° (−5.3° to 7.7°) for the navigated group.

The ideal angles of all alignments in the navigated group were obtained at significantly higher rates than in the conventional group. Our results demonstrated significant improvements in component positioning with a CT-based navigation system, especially with respect to rotational alignment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1643 - 1646
1 Dec 2005
Miura H Matsuda S Okazaki K Kawano T Kawamura H Iwamoto Y

We have previously developed a radiographic technique, the oblique posterior condylar view, for assessment of the posterior aspect of the femoral condyles after total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to confirm the validity of this radiographic view based upon intra-operative findings at revision total knee arthroplasty. Lateral and oblique posterior condylar views were performed for 11 knees prior to revision total knee arthroplasty, and radiolucent lines or osteolysis of the posterior aspect of the femoral condyles were identified. These findings were compared with the intra-operative appearance of the posterior aspects of the femoral condyles. Statistical analysis showed that sensitivity and efficacy were significantly better for the oblique posterior condylar than the lateral view. This method can, therefore, be considered as suitable for routine follow-up radiographs of the femoral component and in the pre-operative planning of revision surgery.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 4 | Pages 483 - 488
1 Apr 2005
Nakayama K Matsuda S Miura H Higaki H Otsuka K Iwamoto Y

We measured the contact areas and contact stresses at the post-cam mechanism of a posterior-stabilised total knee arthroplasty when a posterior force of 500 N was applied to the Kirschner Performance, Scorpio Superflex, NexGen LPS Flex Fixed, and NexGen LPS Flex Mobile knee systems. Measurements were made at 90°, 120°, and 150° of flexion both in neutral rotation and 10° of internal rotation of the tibial component. Peak contact stresses at 90°, 120°, and 150° were 24.0, 33.9, and 28.8 MPa, respectively, for the Kirschner; 26.0, 32.4, and 22.1 MPa, respectively, for the Scorpio; and 34.1, 31.5, and 32.5 MPa, respectively, for the NexGen LPS Flex Fixed. With an internally rotated tibia, the contact stress increased significantly with all the fixed-bearing arthroplasties but not with the NexGen LPS Flex Mobile arthroplasty. The post-cam design should be modified in order to provide a larger contact area whilst avoiding any impingement and edge loading.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 3 | Pages 366 - 371
1 Apr 2004
Nabeyama R Matsuda S Miura H Mawatari T Kawano T Iwamoto Y

Our study evaluated the accuracy of an image-guided total knee replacement system based on CT with regard to preparation of the femoral and tibial bone using nine limbs from five cadavers. The accuracy was assessed by direct measurement using an extramedullary alignment rod without radiographs.

The mean angular errors of the femur and tibia, which represent angular gaps from the real mechanical axis in the coronal plane, were 0.3° and 1.1°, respectively. The CT-based system, provided almost perfect alignment of the femoral component with less than 1° of error and excellent alignment with less than 3° of error for the tibial component. Our results suggest that standardisation of knee replacement by the use of this system will lead to improved long-term survival of total knee arthroplasty.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 4 | Pages 543 - 549
1 Aug 1988
Kojimoto H Yasui N Goto T Matsuda S Shimomura Y

The histology and mechanics of leg lengthening by callus distraction were studied in 27 growing rabbits. Tibial diaphyses were subjected to subperiosteal osteotomy, held in a neutral position for 10 days and then slowly distracted at 0.25 mm/12 hours, using a dynamic external fixator. Radiographs showed that the gap became filled with callus having three distinct zones. Elongation appeared to occur in a central radiolucent zone; this was bounded by two sclerotic zones. Histologically, the radiolucent zone consisted of longitudinally arranged cartilage and fibrous tissue while the sclerotic zones were formed by fine cancellous bone. New bone occasionally contained islands of cartilage, suggesting it had been formed by endochondral ossification. After completion of distraction, the two sclerotic zones fused, shrank and were eventually absorbed, leaving tubular bone with a new cortex. When the periosteum had been removed at the operation, callus formation was markedly disturbed and there was failure of bone lengthening. Scraping of endosteum, in contrast, did not have a pronounced effect. These results suggest that the preservation of periosteum is essential if bone lengthening by callus distraction is to succeed, and that preservation of the periosteum is more important than careful corticotomy.