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Contact stress at the post-cam mechanism in posterior-stabilised total knee arthroplasty

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We measured the contact areas and contact stresses at the post-cam mechanism of a posterior-stabilised total knee arthroplasty when a posterior force of 500 N was applied to the Kirschner Performance, Scorpio Superflex, NexGen LPS Flex Fixed, and NexGen LPS Flex Mobile knee systems. Measurements were made at 90°, 120°, and 150° of flexion both in neutral rotation and 10° of internal rotation of the tibial component. Peak contact stresses at 90°, 120°, and 150° were 24.0, 33.9, and 28.8 MPa, respectively, for the Kirschner; 26.0, 32.4, and 22.1 MPa, respectively, for the Scorpio; and 34.1, 31.5, and 32.5 MPa, respectively, for the NexGen LPS Flex Fixed. With an internally rotated tibia, the contact stress increased significantly with all the fixed-bearing arthroplasties but not with the NexGen LPS Flex Mobile arthroplasty. The post-cam design should be modified in order to provide a larger contact area whilst avoiding any impingement and edge loading.

Correspondence should be sent to Assistant Professor S. Matsuda; e-mail: mazda@ortho.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp

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