header advert
Results 1 - 20 of 23
Results per page:
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 6 | Pages 870 - 876
1 Nov 1994
Mullaji A Upadhyay S Luk K Leong J

We studied 29 girls and one boy with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who were at Risser grade 0 at the time of posterior spinal fusion and were followed until maturity (mean 7.8 years). We used serial radiographs to measure the ratio of disc to vertebral height in the fused segments and to detect differential anterior spinal growth and assess its effect on scoliosis, vertebral rotation, kyphosis, and rib-vertebral-angle difference (RVAD). From one year after surgery to the latest review, the percentage anterior disc height decreased by nearly one-half and the percentage posterior disc height by nearly one-third in the fused segments (p < 0.001). There was a 4 degree increase in mean Cobb angle (p < 0.001), 11 patients (37%) having an increase of between 6 degrees and 10 degrees. There was a significant increase in mean apical rotation by 2 degrees (p = 0.003), and four patients (13%) had an increase of between 6 degrees and 16 degrees. There was little change in kyphosis. There was an increase in mean RVAD by 4 degrees (p = 0.003), seven patients (23%) showing a reduction by 1 degree to 7 degrees, and 11 (37%) increases of between 6 degrees and 16 degrees. Spinal growth occurs after posterior fusion in adolescents who are skeletally immature, as a result of continued anterior vertebral growth. There is some progression of scoliosis, vertebral rotation, and RVAD, but little change in kyphosis. The increase in deformity is not enough to warrant the use of combined anterior and posterior fusion. The findings are relevant to the management of progressive curves, the timing and extent of surgery, and the prognosis for progression of deformity in this group of patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 3 | Pages 498 - 501
1 May 1993
Saji M Upadhyay S Hsu L Leong J

We report the results of a new surgical procedure for spastic equinovarus deformity due to cerebral palsy. This is the transfer of the anterior half of the split tibialis posterior to the dorsum of the foot through the interosseous membrane. We performed the operation on 23 feet in 18 children. All patients were assessed before operation and at follow-up at a mean of 8.4 years postoperatively. Using the criteria of Kling et al (1985), excellent results were obtained in 14 feet, good results in eight, and a poor result in only one.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 2 | Pages 173 - 175
1 Mar 1993
Leong J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 4 | Pages 675 - 678
1 Jul 1990
Pun W Chow S Luk K Cheng C Hsu L Leong J

Of 37 consecutive patients suffering from tuberculosis of the lumbosacral spine, 26 were reviewed after an average follow-up of 20 years. Those presenting at under 10 years of age usually had a discharging sinus or a pointing abscess and a visible kyphosis. In older patients, low back pain was the predominant presenting symptom. Neurological involvement was uncommon. Both operative and conservative treatment had resulted in fusion but all patients treated conservatively ended up with a kyphosis associated with trunk shortening. They had a higher incidence of back pain and more complications in pregnancy. Anterior debridement and fusion with a strut graft can reduce the incidence and size of kyphosis, but is technically demanding. Treatment remains difficult and requires individual consideration.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 2 | Pages 231 - 234
1 Mar 1990
Chow S Lam J Leong J

We have reviewed 16 patients with avulsion fractures of the tibial tubercle, mostly boys who sustained left-sided injuries during sport. Two-thirds had type I or II injuries and were treated conservatively. Fractures involving the knee joint (type III) had internal fixation. The final results were good except for minor complications such as a prominent and uncomfortable tibial tubercle.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 4 | Pages 615 - 618
1 Aug 1989
Stephens M Hsu L Leong J

We reviewed and radiographed 30 skeletally-mature patients after isolated closed femoral shaft fractures in childhood which had been treated conservatively. When the fracture had occurred between the ages of 7 and 13 years, the limb overgrew about 1 cm regardless of sex, upper limb dominance, age, fracture site or configuration. Excessive fracture overlap at the time of injury, but not at union, increased limb overgrowth. Angulation of the fracture remodelled in children injured under 10 years of age, but in older patients this sometimes added to limb shortening. Rotational deformities were minor and gave no symptoms. Treatment of the 7- to 13-year-old patient should aim at 1 cm overlap at union, with correction of angular deformity being more important in children over 10 years of age. This management of fractures will give a maximum leg length discrepancy of 1 cm at skeletal maturity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 2 | Pages 264 - 267
1 Mar 1989
Cheng C Fang D Lee P Leong J

We reviewed 20 adult patients with spondylolysis and isthmic spondylolisthesis an average of 10.5 years after treatment by anterior spinal fusion. Nineteen patients had excellent or satisfactory results. Ten of the patients were symptom-free at one year, and 15 were asymptomatic at final follow-up. Anterior spinal fusion can produce results comparable to those of posterior fusion with or without decompression. The results tend to improve with time in contrast to the known worsening of late results after posterior decompression without fusion.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 5 | Pages 846 - 847
1 Nov 1988
Freedman L Luk K Leong J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 4 | Pages 534 - 538
1 Aug 1988
Hsu L Cheng C Leong J

Twenty-two patients with late onset Pott's paraplegia presenting at a mean of 18 years after initial symptoms were reviewed an average of seven years after treatment by anterior decompression and fusion. Fourteen patients had active disease, and in 12 of these, activity at the internal kyphus was the direct cause of the paraplegia. In the other two, a soft healing bony ridge was the cause. The eight patients with healed disease had hard bony ridges compressing the cord. The response to anterior decompression was faster, better and safer in patients with active disease: nine recovered completely and three significantly. In patients with healed disease, the anterior decompression was technically more difficult and the recovery less satisfactory. Significant complications included two cases with neurological deterioration, two with cerebrospinal fluid fistulae and four with neurapraxia of the cord.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 3 | Pages 443 - 447
1 May 1988
Fang D Leong J Ho E Chan F Chow S

We reviewed 40 extensive destructive vertebral lesions in 35 patients with established ankylosing spondylitis. Of these, 31 had presented with localised pain while three had a neurological deficit. The radiographs suggested ununited fractures through either ankylosed discs (37) or vertebral bodies (3). Corresponding fractures were seen in the posterior column in 34 cases. Sixteen patients with 18 lesions underwent anterior spinal fusion, and pseudarthrosis was consistently proven by histopathology. Two pseudarthroses healed in conservatively treated patients. Thirteen of the operated patients were followed for an average of 7 years 7 months. There were two cases of non-union and one required an additional posterior fusion; in the remainder fusion was sound.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 1 | Pages 135 - 139
1 Jan 1988
Chow S So Y Pun W Luk K Leong J

Crushing of the radial side of the hand results in a wide spectrum of injuries varying from contusion of muscles to total loss. The main problem concerns the function of the thumb. The results of such injuries in 161 hands were reviewed. Those with mild injuries treated conservatively or by debridement alone had good results. When skin flaps were required for wound coverage, the results were still satisfactory. However, when bones and joints were injured, the results were poor. In certain patients opponensplasty through scarred tissue proved to be a good procedure to improve the function of the thumb.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 4 | Pages 528 - 533
1 Aug 1986
Lau J Parker J Hsu L Leong J

A retrospective study was made of the results of surgical treatment of subluxation or dislocation of the hip in patients who had suffered from poliomyelitis. Good results were achieved in 46% and satisfactory results in 24%. The key factors for success are muscle balance, the femoral neck-shaft and anteversion angles, and the acetabular geometry. Iliopsoas transfer can augment the hip abductor power by an average of one MRC grade. Varus derotation femoral osteotomy is important to re-establish a normal neck-shaft angle and anteversion. The results of pelvic osteotomy are variable and the importance of a posterior acetabular defect is emphasised.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 2 | Pages 197 - 200
1 Mar 1986
Luk K Ho H Leong J

The development of the iliolumbar ligament and its anatomy and histology were studied in cadavers from the newborn to the ninth decade. The structure was entirely muscular in the newborn and became ligamentous only from the second decade, being formed by metaplasia from fibres of the quadratus lumborum muscle. By the third decade, the definitive ligament was well formed; degenerative changes were noted in older specimens. The iliolumbar ligament may have an important role in maintaining lumbosacral stability in patients with lumbar disc degeneration, degenerative spondylolisthesis and pelvic obliquity secondary to neuromuscular scoliosis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 1 | Pages 125 - 127
1 Jan 1986
Hsu L Jaffray D Leong J

A new technique is described for extra-articular subtalar arthrodesis; it combines the main elements of the Batchelor and the Grice procedures. Results were reviewed after a minimum of three years. Of the 25 feet treated 24 had solid fusion and had maintained the operative correction of the valgus deformity; the one non-union was due to deep infection.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 5 | Pages 694 - 696
1 Nov 1984
Hsu L Jaffray D Leong J

Talectomy was performed on 10 patients (15 feet) for club foot deformity in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. These were reviewed after an average follow-up of eight years. At follow-up nine feet were plantigrade, and six had less than 15 degrees residual equinus at the ankle. All the feet were asymptomatic but had mild residual adduction of the forefoot and marked stiffness of the hindfoot. Seven feet developed spontaneous bony ankylosis in the tibiotarsal joint. The common technical errors were incomplete removal of the talus and incorrect positioning of the calcaneus in the ankle mortise.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 4 | Pages 495 - 499
1 Aug 1984
Hsu L Lee P Leong J

Thirteen patients with dystrophic spinal deformities from neurofibromatosis treated by anterior and posterior fusion have been reviewed. The shortest follow-up was five years, the average seven years. Combined fusion produced satisfactory results in patients with a smooth kyphoscoliosis or with scoliosis without kyphosis, but it was unsatisfactory in patients with an angular kyphoscoliosis. Of the five patients with angular kyphoscoliosis, one had a persistent pseudarthrosis after operation and all had progression of the kyphosis despite the treatment. The morbidity rate also was high in this group of patients. Many of the complications were related to soft-tissue manifestations of the disease. It is recommended that very special attention be paid to the dystrophic angular deformity in neurofibromatosis; even anterior and posterior spinal fusion may fail to control its progression.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 1 | Pages 66 - 70
1 Jan 1984
Tang S Leong J Hsu L

The results of 10 patients with severe rigid drop-foot corrected by the Lambrinudi triple arthrodesis were studied. The average amount of correction was 47 degrees, as evaluated from standing radiographs taken before and after operation. Radiological features of osteoarthritis and of flattening of the talus were common, but the feet were painless when reviewed at an average of 70 months later. A satisfactory range of movement was obtained at the ankle joint.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 1 | Pages 1 - 5
1 Jan 1984
Hsu L Leong J

Forty patients with tuberculosis of the lower cervical spine (second to seventh cervical vertebrae) have been reviewed. Pain and stiffness were important and dominant symptoms. Two types of disease were recognised. In children under 10 years old involvement was extensive and diffuse with the formation of large abscesses. In patients over 10 the disease was localised and produced less pus, but was associated with a much higher incidence of Pott's paraplegia. The overall incidence of cord compression was 42.5 per cent (17 out of 40); 13 of the 16 patients with the "adult" type of disease had this complication. The commonest method of treatment was with antituberculous drugs, anterior excision of diseased bone and grafting. This regime rapidly relieved pain, compressive respiratory symptoms due to abscesses and Pott's paraplegia. It also corrected kyphotic deformities from an average of 25.5 degrees to 5.4 degrees.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 166 - 170
1 Mar 1983
McNicol D Leong J Hsu L

The development of lateral tibial torsion in the paralysed lower limb is well documented, but its pathogenesis is poorly understood. This paper attempts to provide an explanation for its development when it is associated with a varus or equinovarus deformity of the hindfoot. Correction of the lateral tibial torsion by supramalleolar derotation tibial osteotomy and reorientation of the ankle mortise appear to unlock the talus from the laterally rotated position, correcting a mobile hindfoot varus deformity and altering soft-tissue tensions about the ankle so that the correction achieved is maintained. In the presence of a fixed hindfoot deformity, supramalleolar derotation tibial osteotomy is useful as a first-stage procedure before corrective osteotomies of the foot. The operation described is technically simple and carries a low morbidity. Twenty supramalleolar derotation tibial osteotomies in 18 patients have been performed with satisfactory results and few complications.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 1 | Pages 47 - 50
1 Jan 1983
Fang D Leong J Fang H

Six patients, aged between 3 and 51 years, with tuberculosis of the upper cervical spine were studied. Prominent features of the disease included pain and stiffness, paralysis, swelling of the retropharyngeal soft tissue, osteolytic erosions, and atlanto-axial subluxation. Cure was obtained with antibiotics, transoral decompression and C1-2 fusion.