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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 8 | Pages 837 - 838
1 Aug 2023
Kelly M McNally SA Dhesi JK

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 1, Issue 6 | Pages 261 - 266
12 Jun 2020
Fahy S Moore J Kelly M Flannery O Kenny P


Europe has found itself at the epicentre of the COVID-19 pandemic. Naturally, this has placed added strain onto healthcare systems internationally. It was feared that the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic could overrun the Irish healthcare system. As such, the Irish government opted to introduce a national lockdown on the 27 March 2020 in an attempt to stem the flow of admissions to hospitals. Similar lockdowns in the UK and New Zealand have resulted in reduced emergency department presentations and trauma admissions. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of the national lockdown on trauma presentations to a model-3 hospital in Dublin, Ireland.


A retrospective study was conducted. All emergency department presentations between 27 March 2019 to 27 April 2020 and 27 March 2020 to 27 April 2020 were cross-referenced against the National Integrated Medical Imaging System-Picture Archiving Communication System (NIMIS-PACS) radiology system to identify those with radiologically proven skeletal trauma. These patients were grouped according to sex, age, discharge outcome, mechanism of injury, and injury location.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1002 - 1008
1 Aug 2019
Al-Hourani K Stoddart M Khan U Riddick A Kelly M


Type IIIB open tibial fractures are devastating high-energy injuries. At initial debridement, the surgeon will often be faced with large bone fragments with tenuous, if any, soft-tissue attachments. Conventionally these are discarded to avoid infection. We aimed to determine if orthoplastic reconstruction using mechanically relevant devitalized bone (ORDB) was associated with an increased infection rate in type IIIB open tibial shaft fractures.

Patient and Methods

This was a consecutive cohort study of 113 patients, who had sustained type IIIB fractures of the tibia following blunt trauma, over a four-year period in a level 1 trauma centre. The median age was 44.3 years (interquartile range (IQR) 28.1 to 65.9) with a median follow-up of 1.7 years (IQR 1.2 to 2.1). There were 73 male patients and 40 female patients. The primary outcome measures were deep infection rate and number of operations. The secondary outcomes were nonunion and flap failure.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 72 - 76
1 Jan 2007
Patel V Day A Dinah F Kelly M Bircher M

Specific radiological features identified by Brandser and Marsh were selected for the analysis of acetabular fractures according to the classification of Letournel and Judet. The method employs a binary approach that requires the observer to allocate each radiological feature to one of two groups. The inter- and intra-observer variances were assessed. The presence of articular displacement, marginal impaction, incongruity, intra-articular fragments and osteochondral injuries to the femoral head were analysed by a similar method. These factors were termed ‘modifiers’ and are generally considered when planning operative intervention and, critically, they may influence prognosis.

Six observers independently assessed 30 sets of plain radiographs and CT scans on two separate occasions, 12 weeks apart. They were asked to determine the presence or absence of specific radiological features. This simple binary approach to classification yields an inter- and intra-observer agreement which ranges from moderate to near-perfect (κ = 0.49 to 0.88 and κ = 0.57 to 0.88, respectively). A similar approach to the modifiers yields only slight to fair inter-observer agreement (κ = 0.20 to 0.34) and slight to moderate intra-observer agreement (κ = 0 to 0.55).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 6 | Pages 896 - 897
1 Aug 2002
Kelly M McBirnie JM Burnett R

The new Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2000 (IR (ME)ER) were implemented in January 2001. These regulations state that “the referrer must record in the patient’s notes that a radiograph was taken and what it showed”. As a result it is now incumbent upon the orthopaedic surgeon to document formally the findings of all requested radiographs. We present a case in which a left upper bronchial carcinoma was detected initially on a radiograph of the left shoulder. It highlights the importance of careful examination of the entire radiographic image and the documenting of the findings.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 5 | Pages 909 - 911
1 Sep 1998
White J Kelly M Dunsmuir R

Our study has determined the response of C-reactive protein (CRP) after total knee replacement (TKR). The peak level occurs on the second postoperative day and is significantly greater than that after total hip replacement (THR). The level returns to normal at similar times after both procedures. The physiological response to TKR as measured by the area under the CRP/ time curve is significantly greater than that after THR. Rising CRP levels after the third postoperative day may indicate a complication of surgery such as infection.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 5 | Pages 793 - 797
1 Nov 1989
Vince K Insall J Kelly M

Over a two-year period 104 patients had 130 knee arthroplasties performed with the total condylar prosthesis at the Hospital for Special Surgery. At a 10- to 12-year review 58 patients (74 knees) had survived and were available for detailed clinical and radiographic evaluation. Of these, 38 knees (51.3%) were rated as excellent and 27 (36.5%) good. There were three (4.0%) fair and six (8.2%) poor results. Five of the six had had revision operations. The success of this early pattern of prosthesis supports the continued use of methacrylate cement for knee arthroplasties.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 44-B, Issue 3 | Pages 503 - 519
1 Aug 1962
Little K Kelly M Courts A

1. The appearance of decalcified bone matrix in the electron microscope is described.

2. In the matrix two types of collagen fibril have been distinguished. Differences observed are in solubility, x-ray diffraction pattern and appearance. In infant bone the form which appears as fine fibrils predominates. In adult bone the form which appears as tubular fibrils of larger diameter predominates.

3. In bones from elderly subjects the chemical reaction employed to convert collagen into eucollagen sometimes hydrolyses fatty acid esters, and lines due to the free fatty acid are found on the x-ray diffraction patterns of the insoluble residue after citrate extraction.

4. In ancient bones and fossils the stable tubular form of collagen survives, but not the fine fibrils.

5. When decalcified, the matrix in osteoporotic bones loses its architecture and fibrillar form. Under conditions in which only a small fraction is dissolved from normal bone most of the collagen in osteoporotic bone disperses in citric acid. The insoluble residue then gives a modified x-ray diffraction pattern.

6. Evidence has been produced to suggest that the immediate cause of many forms of osteoporosis is some local factor affecting the osteocytes, rather than a general chemical effect.