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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 36 - 42
1 Jun 2020
Nishitani K Kuriyama S Nakamura S Umatani N Ito H Matsuda S


This study aimed to evaluate the association between the sagittal alignment of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and new Knee Society Score (2011KSS), under the hypothesis that outliers such as the excessive extended or flexed femoral component were related to worse clinical outcomes.


A group of 156 knees (134 F:22 M) in 133 patients with a mean age 75.8 years (SD 6.4) who underwent TKA with the cruciate-substituting Bi-Surface Knee prosthesis were retrospectively enrolled. On lateral radiographs, γ angle (the angle between the distal femoral axis and the line perpendicular to the distal rear surface of the femoral component) was measured, and the patients were divided into four groups according to the γ angle. The 2011KSSs among groups were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. A secondary regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the 2011KSS and γ angle.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 3 | Pages 126 - 135
1 Mar 2019
Sekiguchi K Nakamura S Kuriyama S Nishitani K Ito H Tanaka Y Watanabe M Matsuda S


Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is one surgical option for treating symptomatic medial osteoarthritis. Clinical studies have shown the functional benefits of UKA; however, the optimal alignment of the tibial component is still debated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of tibial coronal and sagittal plane alignment in UKA on knee kinematics and cruciate ligament tension, using a musculoskeletal computer simulation.


The tibial component was first aligned perpendicular to the mechanical axis of the tibia, with a 7° posterior slope (basic model). Subsequently, coronal and sagittal plane alignments were changed in a simulation programme. Kinematics and cruciate ligament tensions were simulated during weight-bearing deep knee bend and gait motions. Translation was defined as the distance between the most medial and the most lateral femoral positions throughout the cycle.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 6, Issue 1 | Pages 43 - 51
1 Jan 2017
Nakamura S Tian Y Tanaka Y Kuriyama S Ito H Furu M Matsuda S


Little biomechanical information is available about kinematically aligned (KA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to simulate the kinematics and kinetics after KA TKA and mechanically aligned (MA) TKA with four different limb alignments.

Materials and Methods

Bone models were constructed from one volunteer (normal) and three patients with three different knee deformities (slight, moderate and severe varus). A dynamic musculoskeletal modelling system was used to analyse the kinematics and the tibiofemoral contact force. The contact stress on the tibial insert, and the stress to the resection surface and medial tibial cortex were examined by using finite element analysis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 3 | Pages 308 - 314
1 Mar 2012
Ito H Tanino H Yamanaka Y Nakamura T Takahashi D Minami A Matsuno T

We have previously described the mid- to long-term results of conventional simple varus intertrochanteric osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head, showing that 19 of the 26 hips had good or excellent results. We extended the follow-up to a mean of 18.1 years (10.5 to 26) including a total of 34 hips in 28 patients, with a mean age at surgery of 33 years (19 to 53). There were 18 men and ten women and 25 hips (74%) had a satisfactory result with a Harris hip score ≥ 80. In all, six hips needed total hip replacement (THR) or hemiarthroplasty. The collapse of the femoral head or narrowing of the joint space was found to have progressed in nine hips (26%). Leg shortening after osteotomy was a mean of 19 mm (8 to 36). With conversion to THR or hemiarthroplasty as the endpoint, the ten-year survival rate was 88.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 82.7 to 93.7) and the 20-year survival rate was 79.7% (95% CI 72.1 to 87.3); four hips were converted at ten years and other two hips were converted at 20 years.

Shortening of the leg after osteotomy remains a concern; however, the conventional varus half-wedge osteotomy provides favourable long-term results in hips with less than two-thirds of the medial part of the femoral head affected by necrotic bone and with normal bone superolaterally.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 6 | Pages 726 - 731
1 Jun 2011
Ito H Tanino H Yamanaka Y Nakamura T Minami A Matsuno T

We report the mid- to long-term (mean 20.3 years, 10 to 32.5) results of the Chiari pelvic osteotomy in patients with pre- to advanced stage osteoarthritis in dysplastic hips. We followed 163 Japanese patients (173 hips) with a mean age at surgery of 20 years (9 to 54). Overall, 124 hips (72%) had satisfactory results, with Harris hip scores ≥ 80. Satisfactory results were seen in 105 of 134 hips with pre- or early osteoarthritis (78%) and 19 of 39 hips with advanced osteoarthritis (49%). A total of 15 hips (9%) underwent a total hip replacement (THR) with a mean interval between osteotomy and THR of 16.4 years. With conversion to THR as the endpoint, the 30-year survival rate was 85.9% (95% confidence interval 82.3 to 89.5). It was 91.8% for patients with pre- or early osteoarthritis and 43.6% for those with advanced osteoarthritis (p < 0.001).

We now perform the Chiari osteotomy for patients with dysplastic hips showing poor joint congruency and who prefer a joint-conserving procedure to THR.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 62 - 65
1 Jan 2007
Ito H Matsumoto T Yoshitomi H Kakinoki R Nakamura T

We compared the outcome of peri-operative humeral condylar fractures in patients undergoing a Coonrad-Morrey semiconstrained total elbow replacement with that of patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing the same procedure without fractures. In a consecutive series of 40 elbows in 33 patients, 13 elbows had a fracture in either condyle peri-operatively, and 27 elbows were intact. The fractured condyle was either fixed internally or excised. We found no statistical difference in the patients’ background, such as age, length of follow-up, immobilisation period, Larsen’s radiological grade, or Steinbrocker’s stage and functional class. There was also no statistical difference between the groups in relation to the Mayo Elbow Performance Score, muscle strength, range of movement, or radiolucency around the implants at a mean of 4.8 years (1.1 to 8.0) follow-up.

We conclude that fractured condyles can be successfully treated with either internal fixation or excision, and cause no harmful effect.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 3 | Pages 306 - 309
1 Mar 2005
Ito H Matsuno T Minami A

We present the medium-term results of hybrid total hip arthroplasties using pre-coated stems with a second-generation cementing technique. The 128 hips in 111 patients (18 men and 93 women) were followed up at a mean of 11 years after surgery. The mean age at the time of surgery was 61 years. Both components of one hip were removed at ten months after surgery for infection. None of the other 127 femoral components showed possible, probable, or definite loosening at the most recent follow-up. Five acetabular components were revised for aseptic loosening, recurrent dislocation, or displacement of the polyethylene liner from the metal shell. The mean Harris hip score at follow-up was 84 points. A pre-coated femoral component with a second-generation cementing technique provides good clinical function and survival in the medium term.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1007 - 1012
1 Sep 2004
Sawaizumi T Nanno M Nanbu A Ito H

A vascularised bone-graft procedure from the base of the second metacarpal was performed in 14 patients with nonunion of the scaphoid. There were 11 men and three women with a mean age of 22 years. In eight patients, who had dorsiflexed intercalated segment instability (DISI), an open wedge was formed at the site of nonunion, and the vascular pedicle was grafted from the volar side. In the six patients without DISI, transplantation was carried out through the same dorsal skin incision.

Complete bony union was obtained in all patients after a mean post-operative period of 10.2 weeks, and DISI was corrected in all affected patients. According to Cooney’s clinical scoring system, the results were excellent in five, good in six, and fair in three patients. Because of its technical simplicity and the limited dissection needed, the procedure should be considered for the primary surgical treatment of patients with nonunion of the scaphoid.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 6 | Pages 796 - 801
1 Aug 2003
Ito H Matsuno T Omizu N Aoki Y Minami A

We followed, prospectively, 77 patients (90 hips) with early-stage, non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head for a mean period of nine years. At the time of final review, 56 (62%) were symptomatic. Using the Cox model, the initial radiological stage, the progression of staging, the reduction in size of the lesions and the percentage of necrotic volume on MRI were identified as risk factors.

Using the Harris score of < 70 or surgery as the endpoint, the cumulative rates of survival were 60.0% at one year, 43.3% at two years, 38.9% at five years and 37.2% at ten years. Survival curves demonstrated that clinical deterioration could occur 90 months after the initial diagnosis, suggesting that asymptomatic patients should be followed carefully for several years. Radiological time-dependent reduction in size without progressive collapse may represent repair even when the collapse is minimal.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 2 | Pages 204 - 208
1 Mar 2003
Ito H Matsuno T Minami A

We present the mid- to long-term results of the Chiari pelvic osteotomy for dysplastic hips. We followed 135 hips in 129 patients, with a mean age at the time of surgery of 24 years, for a mean of 16.2 years. We used the anterior iliofemoral approach without trochanteric osteotomy in the initial 31 hips. Thereafter, we used transtrochanteric approaches in an attempt to ensure that the osteotomy was at the most appropriate level, and to advance the high-riding greater trochanter distally. The next 79 hips therefore underwent a posterolateral approach and the most recent 25 hips an Ollier lateral U approach. The clinical result was excellent or good in 103 hips (77%). The outcome in 104 hips in which we used a transtrochanteric approach was superior, the osteotomy level was more appropriate and a Trendelenburg gait less common than in 31 hips in which we used an anterior approach. We therefore recommend the use of a transtrochanteric approach in order to ensure that the osteotomy is at an appropriate level and in order to achieve effective distal advancement of the high-riding greater trochanter.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 6 | Pages 969 - 974
1 Nov 1999
Ito H Kaneda K Matsuno T

We present the long-term results of simple varus intertrochanteric osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. We followed 26 hips in 20 patients, with a mean age at the time of surgery of 36 years, for a mean of 12.5 years. The mean varus angulation was 23°.

The outcome in 19 of the hips (73%) was good or excellent; seven (27%) had a fair or poor result, with four needing some form of prosthetic arthroplasty.

Simple varus intertrochanteric osteotomy is indicated, even if the extent of the capital infarct comprises more than 50% of the diameter of maximum radial distance from the circumference, provided that after operation the medial necrotic lesion measures less than two-thirds of the weight-bearing area, and the superolateral bone is normal.