header advert
Results 1 - 14 of 14
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1551 - 1551
1 Sep 2021
Osawa Y Seki T Okura T Takegami Y Ishiguro N Hasegawa Y

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 4 | Pages 665 - 671
1 Apr 2021
Osawa Y Seki T Okura T Takegami Y Ishiguro N Hasegawa Y


We compared the clinical outcomes of curved intertrochanteric varus osteotomy (CVO) with bone impaction grafting (BIG) with CVO alone for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).


This retrospective comparative study included 81 patients with ONFH; 37 patients (40 hips) underwent CVO with BIG (BIG group) and 44 patients (47 hips) underwent CVO alone (CVO group). Patients in the BIG group were followed-up for a mean of 12.2 years (10.0 to 16.5). Patients in the CVO group were followed-up for a mean of 14.5 years (10.0 to 21.0). Assessment parameters included the Harris Hip Score (HHS), Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip-Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ), complication rates, and survival rates, with conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and radiological failure as the endpoints.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 2 | Pages 175 - 183
1 Feb 2017
Morita D Hasegawa Y Okura T Osawa Y Ishiguro N


Transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) is performed for young patients with non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) to preserve the hip. We aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes and the risk factors for failure 15 years after this procedure.

Patients and Methods

This study included 95 patients (111 hips) with a mean age of 40 years (21 to 64) who underwent TRO for ONFH. The mean follow-up was 18.2 years (3 to 26). Kaplan–Meier survivorship analyses were performed with conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and radiological failure due to secondary collapse of the femoral head or osteoarthritic changes as the endpoint. Multivariate analyses were performed to assess risk factors for each outcome.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1326 - 1332
1 Oct 2016
Amano T Hasegawa Y Seki T Takegami Y Murotani K Ishiguro N


The influence of identifiable pre-operative factors on the outcome of eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy (ERAO) is unknown. We aimed to determine the factors that might influence the outcome, in order to develop a scoring system for predicting the prognosis for patients undergoing this procedure.

Patients and Methods

We reviewed 700 consecutive ERAOs in 54 men and 646 women with symptomatic acetabular dysplasia or early onset osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, which were undertaken between September 1989 and March 2013. The patients’ pre-operative background, clinical and radiological findings were examined retrospectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed using the time from the day of surgery to a conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) as an endpoint. A risk score was calculated to predict the prognosis for conversion to THA, and its predictive capacity was investigated.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1419 - 1423
1 Oct 2014
Kaneko H Kitoh H Mishima K Matsushita M Kadono I Ishiguro N Hattori T

Salter innominate osteotomy is an effective reconstructive procedure for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), but some children have a poor outcome at skeletal maturity. In order to investigate factors associated with an unfavourable outcome, we assessed the development of the contralateral hip. We retrospectively reviewed 46 patients who underwent a unilateral Salter osteotomy at between five and seven years of age, with a mean follow-up of 10.3 years (7 to 20). The patients were divided into three groups according to the centre–edge angle (CEA) of the contralateral hip at skeletal maturity: normal (> 25°, 22 patients), borderline (20° to 25°, 17 patients) and dysplastic (<  20°, 7 patients). The CEA of the affected hip was measured pre-operatively, at eight to nine years of age, at 11 to 12 years of age and at skeletal maturity. The CEA of the affected hip was significantly smaller in the borderline and dysplastic groups at 11 and 12 years of age (p = 0.012) and at skeletal maturity (p = 0.017) than in the normal group. Severin group III was seen in two (11.8%) and four hips (57.1%) of the borderline and dysplastic groups, respectively (p < 0.001).

Limited individual development of the acetabulum was associated with an unfavourable outcome following Salter osteotomy.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1419–23.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1269 - 1273
1 Sep 2014
Kitoh H Mishima K Matsushita M Nishida Y Ishiguro N

Two types of fracture, early and late, have been reported following limb lengthening in patients with achondroplasia (ACH) and hypochondroplasia (HCH).

We reviewed 25 patients with these conditions who underwent 72 segmental limb lengthening procedures involving the femur and/or tibia, between 2003 and 2011. Gender, age at surgery, lengthened segment, body mass index, the shape of the callus, the amount and percentage of lengthening and the healing index were evaluated to determine predictive factors for the occurrence of early (within three weeks after removal of the fixation pins) and late fracture (> three weeks after removal of the pins). The Mann‑Whitney U test and Pearson’s chi-squared test for univariate analysis and stepwise regression model for multivariate analysis were used to identify the predictive factor for each fracture. Only one patient (two tibiae) was excluded from the analysis due to excessively slow formation of the regenerate, which required supplementary measures. A total of 24 patients with 70 limbs were included in the study.

There were 11 early fractures in eight patients. The shape of the callus (lateral or central callus) was the only statistical variable related to the occurrence of early fracture in univariate and multivariate analyses. Late fracture was observed in six limbs and the mean time between removal of the fixation pins and fracture was 18.3 weeks (3.3 to 38.4). Lengthening of the tibia, larger healing index, and lateral or central callus were related to the occurrence of a late fracture in univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that the shape of the callus was the strongest predictor for late fracture (odds ratio: 19.3, 95% confidence interval: 2.91 to 128). Lateral or central callus had a significantly larger risk of fracture than fusiform, cylindrical, or concave callus.

Radiological monitoring of the shape of the callus during distraction is important to prevent early and late fracture of lengthened limbs in patients with ACH or HCH. In patients with thin callus formation, some measures to stimulate bone formation should be considered as early as possible.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1269–73.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 3 | Pages 76 - 81
1 Mar 2014
Okabe YT Kondo T Mishima K Hayase Y Kato K Mizuno M Ishiguro N Kitoh H


In order to ensure safety of the cell-based therapy for bone regeneration, we examined in vivo biodistribution of locally or systemically transplanted osteoblast-like cells generated from bone marrow (BM) derived mononuclear cells.


BM cells obtained from a total of 13 Sprague-Dawley (SD) green fluorescent protein transgenic (GFP-Tg) rats were culture-expanded in an osteogenic differentiation medium for three weeks. Osteoblast-like cells were then locally transplanted with collagen scaffolds to the rat model of segmental bone defect. Donor cells were also intravenously infused to the normal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for systemic biodistribution. The flow cytometric and histological analyses were performed for cellular tracking after transplantation.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1392 - 1395
1 Oct 2013
Matsumoto T Imagama S Ito Z Imai R Kamada T Shimoyama Y Matsuyama Y Ishiguro N

The main form of treatment of a chordoma of the mobile spine is total en bloc spondylectomy (TES), but the clinical results are not satisfactory. Stand-alone carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for bone and soft-tissue sarcomas has recently been reported to have a high rate of local control with a low rate of local recurrence.

We report two patients who underwent TES after CIRT for treating a chordoma in the lumbar spine with good medium-term outcomes. At operation, there remained histological evidence of viable tumour cells in both cases. After the combination use of TES following CIRT, neither patient showed signs of recurrence at the follow-up examination. These two cases suggest that CIRT should be combined with total spondylectomy in the treatment of chordoma of the mobile spine.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1392–5.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1084 - 1087
1 Aug 2011
Tauchi R Imagama S Kanemura T Yoshihara H Sato K Deguchi M Kamiya M Ishiguro N

We reviewed seven children with torticollis due to refractory atlanto-axial rotatory fixation who were treated in a halo vest. Pre-operative three-dimensional CT and sagittal CT imaging showed deformity of the superior articular process of C2 in all patients. The mean duration of halo vest treatment was 67 days (46 to 91). The mean follow-up was 34 months (8 to 73); at the latest review six patients demonstrated remodelling of the deformed articular process. The other child, who had a more severe deformity, required C1-2 fusion.

We suggest that patients with atlanto-axial rotatory fixation who do not respond to conservative treatment and who have deformity of the superior articular process of C2 should undergo manipulative reduction and halo-vest fixation for two to three months to induce remodelling of the deformed superior articular process before C1-2 fusion is considered.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 4 | Pages 580 - 585
1 Apr 2010
Shido Y Nishida Y Suzuki Y Kobayashi T Ishiguro N

We undertook a study of the anti-tumour effects of hyperthermia, delivered via magnetite cationic liposomes (MCLs), on local tumours and lung metastases in a mouse model of osteosarcoma. MCLs were injected into subcutaneous osteosarcomas (LM8) and subjected to an alternating magnetic field which induced a heating effect in MCLs. A control group of mice with tumours received MCLs but were not exposed to an AMF. A further group of mice with tumours were exposed to an AMF but had not been treated with MCLs. The distribution of MCLs and local and lung metastases was evaluated histologically. The weight and volume of local tumours and the number of lung metastases were determined. Expression of heat shock protein 70 was evaluated immunohistologically. Hyperthermia using MCLs effectively heated the targeted tumour to 45°C. The mean weight of the local tumour was significantly suppressed in the hyperthermia group (p = 0.013). The mice subjected to hyperthermia had significantly fewer lung metastases than the control mice (p = 0.005). Heat shock protein 70 was expressed in tumours treated with hyperthermia, but was not found in those tumours not exposed to hyperthermia.

The results demonstrate a significant effect of hyperthermia on local tumours and reduces their potential to metastasise to the lung.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 3 | Pages 393 - 400
1 Mar 2010
Imagama S Matsuyama Y Yukawa Y Kawakami N Kamiya M Kanemura T Ishiguro N

We have reviewed 1858 patients who had undergone a cervical laminoplasty and identified 43 (2.3%) who had developed a C5 palsy with a MMT (MRC) grade of 0 to 2 in the deltoid, with or without involvement of the biceps, but with no loss of muscular strength in any other muscles. The clinical features and radiological findings of patients with (group P; 43 patients) and without (group C; 100 patients) C5 palsy were compared. CT scanning of group P revealed a significant narrowing of the intervertebral foramen of C5 (p < 0.005) and a larger superior articular process (p < 0.05). On MRI, the posterior shift of the spinal cord at C4–5 was significantly greater in group P, than in group C (p < 0.01).

This study is the first to correlate impairment of the C5 nerve root with a C5 palsy. It may be that early foraminotomy in susceptible individuals and the avoidance of tethering of the cord by excessive laminoplasty may prevent a post-operative palsy of the C5 nerve root.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 7 | Pages 966 - 972
1 Jul 2008
Kawasumi M Kitoh H Siwicka KA Ishiguro N

The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of platelet-rich plasma on the proliferation and differentiation of rat bone-marrow cells and to determine an optimal platelet concentration in plasma for osseous tissue engineering. Rat bone-marrow cells embedded in different concentrations of platelet-rich plasma gel were cultured for six days. Their potential for proliferation and osteogenic differentiation was analysed. Using a rat limb-lengthening model, the cultured rat bone-marrow cells with platelet-rich plasma of variable concentrations were transplanted into the distraction gap and the quality of the regenerate bone was evaluated radiologically.

Cellular proliferation was enhanced in all the platelet-rich plasma groups in a dose-dependent manner. Although no significant differences in the production and mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase were detected among these groups, mature bone regenerates were more prevalent in the group with the highest concentration of platelets.

Our results indicate that a high platelet concentration in the platelet-rich plasma in combination with osteoblastic cells could accelerate the formation of new bone during limb-lengthening procedures.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 3 | Pages 359 - 365
1 Apr 2004
Sakano S Hasegawa Y Torii Y Kawasaki M Ishiguro N

We reviewed the outcome of curved intertrochanteric varus osteotomy in the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in 20 hips. A mean varus angulation of 31° was obtained by the osteotomy. The ratio of intact area on the weight-bearing portion increased from 19% to 61%. The mean elevation and lateral displacement of the greater trochanter were 1.2 cm and 0.5 cm, respectively. These changes in the position of the greater trochanter were very small when compared with those after conventional varus wedge osteotomy. Nonunion or delayed union was not observed. Quantitative analyses showed aggressive bone remodelling in the medial intertrochanteric region. Eighteen hips survived without collapse after a mean follow-up of 48 months.

We conclude that curved varus osteotomy can be used to preserve the hip joint in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1066 - 1069
1 Sep 2002
Saito S Kondo S Mishima S Ishiguro N Hasegawa Y Sandell LJ Iwata H

We have measured the concentration of cartilage-derived retinoic-acid-sensitive protein (CD-RAP) in synovial fluid (SF) from the knees of 49 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 79 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in order to investigate the correlation between the type of joint disease and level of CD-RAP. The mean concentration of CD-RAP in synovial fluid was significantly higher in OA than in RA. The level of CD-RAP in the group of patients with mild OA was significantly higher than in the moderate or severe groups and that in the group with mild RA was also significantly higher than in the other RA groups and decreased with progression of the disease. Immunohistochemical studies showed expression of CD-RAP in the cytoplasm of chondrocytes in newly-formed fibrocartilage. Since CD-RAP is mainly produced in young and proliferating chondrocytes, our results suggest that the level of CD-RAP in synovial fluid reflects remodelling of articular cartilage and may be used as a marker to estimate objectively the restorative reaction of chondrocytes.