header advert
Results 1 - 13 of 13
Results per page:
Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 4, Issue 7 | Pages 523 - 531
11 Jul 2023
Passaplan C Hanauer M Gautier L Stetzelberger VM Schwab JM Tannast M Gautier E


Hyaline cartilage has a low capacity for regeneration. Untreated osteochondral lesions of the femoral head can lead to progressive and symptomatic osteoarthritis of the hip. The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical and radiological long-term outcome of patients treated with osteochondral autograft transfer. To our knowledge, this study represents a series of osteochondral autograft transfer of the hip with the longest follow-up.


We retrospectively evaluated 11 hips in 11 patients who underwent osteochondral autograft transfer in our institution between 1996 and 2012. The mean age at the time of surgery was 28.6 years (8 to 45). Outcome measurement included standardized scores and conventional radiographs. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to determine the failure of the procedures, with conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) defined as the endpoint.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 11 | Pages 835 - 842
17 Nov 2022
Wiesli MG Livio F Achermann Y Gautier E Wahl P


There is a considerable challenge in treating bone infections and orthopaedic device-associated infection (ODAI), partly due to impaired penetration of systemically administrated antibiotics at the site of infection. This may be circumvented by local drug administration. Knowledge of the release kinetics from any carrier material is essential for proper application. Ceftriaxone shows a particular constant release from calcium sulphate (CaSO4) in vitro, and is particularly effective against streptococci and a large portion of Gram-negative bacteria. We present the clinical release kinetics of ceftriaxone-loaded CaSO4 applied locally to treat ODAI.


A total of 30 operations with ceftriaxone-loaded CaSO4 had been performed in 28 patients. Ceftriaxone was applied as a single local antibiotic in 21 operations and combined with vancomycin in eight operations, and in an additional operation with vancomycin and amphotericin B. Sampling of wound fluid was performed from drains or aspirations. Ceftriaxone concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 3 | Pages 218 - 225
1 Mar 2021
Wiesli MG Kaiser J Gautier E Wick P Maniura-Weber K Rottmar M Wahl P


In orthopaedic and trauma surgery, implant-associated infections are increasingly treated with local application of antibiotics, which allows a high local drug concentration to be reached without eliciting systematic adverse effects. While ceftriaxone is a widely used antibiotic agent that has been shown to be effective against musculoskeletal infections, high local concentrations may harm the surrounding tissue. This study investigates the acute and subacute cytotoxicity of increasing ceftriaxone concentrations as well as their influence on the osteogenic differentiation of human bone progenitor cells.


Human preosteoblasts were cultured in presence of different concentrations of ceftriaxone for up to 28 days and potential cytotoxic effects, cell death, metabolic activity, cell proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation were studied.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 1, Issue 4 | Pages 80 - 87
24 Apr 2020
Passaplan C Gautier L Gautier E


Our retrospective analysis reports the outcome of patients operated for slipped capital femoral epiphysis using the modified Dunn procedure. Results, complications, and the need for revision surgery are compared with the recent literature.


We retrospectively evaluated 17 patients (18 hips) who underwent the modified Dunn procedure for the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Outcome measurement included standardized scores. Clinical assessment included ambulation, leg length discrepancy, and hip mobility. Radiographically, the quality of epiphyseal reduction was evaluated using the Southwick and Alpha-angles. Avascular necrosis, heterotopic ossifications, and osteoarthritis were documented at follow-up.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1537 - 1544
1 Nov 2017
Wahl P Guidi M Benninger E Rönn K Gautier E Buclin T Magnin J Livio F


Calcium sulphate (CaSO4) is a resorbable material that can be used simultaneously as filler of a dead space and as a carrier for the local application of antibiotics. Our aim was to describe the systemic exposure and the wound fluid concentrations of vancomycin in patients treated with vancomycin-loaded CaSO4 as an adjunct to the routine therapy of bone and joint infections.

Patients and Methods

A total of 680 post-operative blood and 233 wound fluid samples were available for analysis from 94 implantations performed in 87 patients for various infective indications. Up to 6 g of vancomycin were used. Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on the data from 37 patients treated for an infection of the hip.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 6, Issue 5 | Pages 296 - 306
1 May 2017
Samara E Moriarty TF Decosterd LA Richards RG Gautier E Wahl P


Thermal stability is a key property in determining the suitability of an antibiotic agent for local application in the treatment of orthopaedic infections. Despite the fact that long-term therapy is a stated goal of novel local delivery carriers, data describing thermal stability over a long period are scarce, and studies that avoid interference from specific carrier materials are absent from the orthopaedic literature.


In this study, a total of 38 frequently used antibiotic agents were maintained at 37°C in saline solution, and degradation and antibacterial activity assessed over six weeks. The impact of an initial supplementary heat exposure mimicking exothermically curing bone cement was also tested as this material is commonly used as a local delivery vehicle. Antibiotic degradation was assessed by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, or by immunoassays, as appropriate. Antibacterial activity over time was determined by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion assay.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1381 - 1384
1 Oct 2010
Jacobi M Reischl N Wahl P Gautier E Jakob RP

We investigated the role of a functional brace worn for four months in the treatment of patients with an acute isolated tear of the posterior cruciate ligament to determine whether reduction of the posterior tibial translation during the healing period would give an improved final position of the tibia. The initial and follow-up stability was tested by Rolimeter arthrometry and radiography. The clinical outcome was evaluated using the Lysholm score, the Tegner score and the International Knee Documentation Committee scoring system at follow-up at one and two years. In all, 21 patients were studied, 21 of whom had completed one-year and 17 a two-year follow-up.

The initial mean posterior sag (Rolimeter measurement) of 7.1 mm (5 to 10) was significantly reduced after 12 months to a mean of 2.3 mm (0 to 6, p < 0.001) and to a mean of 3.2 mm (2 to 7, p = 0.001) after 24 months. Radiological measurement gave similar results. The mean pre-injury Lysholm score was normal at 98 (95 to 100). At follow-up, a slight decrease in the mean values was observed to 94.0 (79 to 100, p = 0.001) at one year and 94.0 (88 to 100, p = 0.027, at two years).

We concluded that the posterior cruciate ligament has an intrinsic healing capacity and, if the posteriorly translated tibia is reduced to a physiological position, it can heal with less attentuation. The applied treatment produces a good to excellent functional result.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 1 | Pages 31 - 36
1 Jan 2003
Müller U Gautier E Roeder C Busato A

We assessed differences in the incidence and appearance of the radiological signs of loosening of the cup for various types of design. This was an observational study based on hip registry data of 15 340 patients with 17 951 total hip arthroplasties collected over a period of 33 years in 49 hospitals in Central Europe.

The threaded and the press-fit titanium cups showed significantly less aseptic loosening than the other systems. The direction of migration and the frequency of the radiological signs of loosening differed between the cup systems and were time-dependent.

Our findings indicate the superiority of uncemented threaded cups and press-fit titanium cups over other designs of cup.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 2 | Pages 237 - 244
1 Mar 2002
Gautier E Kolker D Jakob RP

We reviewed retrospectively 11 patients who had been treated surgically by open autologous osteochondral grafting for symptomatic chondral or osteochondral defects of the dome of the talus between 1996 and 1999. The mean ages of the eight men and three women were 34.2 and 25.9 years, respectively, with a mean time to follow-up of 24 months. The results of functional outcome were prospectively obtained using the MODEMS AAOS foot and ankle follow-up questionnaire, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scale and the Hannover scores for the ankle.

The grafts were harvested from the ipsilateral knee. Good to excellent results were obtained for the ankle without adverse effects on the knee. We believe that autologous osteochondral grafting should be considered for the patient with a symptomatic osteochondral defect of the talus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1119 - 1124
1 Nov 2001
Ganz R Gill TJ Gautier E Ganz K Krügel N Berlemann U

Surgical dislocation of the hip is rarely undertaken. The potential danger to the vascularity of the femoral head has been emphasised, but there is little information as to how this danger can be avoided. We describe a technique for operative dislocation of the hip, based on detailed anatomical studies of the blood supply. It combines aspects of approaches which have been reported previously and consists of an anterior dislocation through a posterior approach with a ‘trochanteric flip’ osteotomy. The external rotator muscles are not divided and the medial femoral circumflex artery is protected by the intact obturator externus. We report our experience using this approach in 213 hips over a period of seven years and include 19 patients who underwent simultaneous intertrochanteric osteotomy. The perfusion of the femoral head was verified intraoperatively and, to date, none has subsequently developed avascular necrosis. There is little morbidity associated with the technique and it allows the treatment of a variety of conditions, which may not respond well to other methods including arthroscopy. Surgical dislocation gives new insight into the pathogenesis of some hip disorders and the possibility of preserving the hip with techniques such as transplantation of cartilage.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 149 - 150
1 Jan 2001

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 5 | Pages 679 - 683
1 Jul 2000
Gautier E Ganz K Krügel N Gill T Ganz R

The primary source for the blood supply of the head of the femur is the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery (MFCA). In posterior approaches to the hip and pelvis the short external rotators are often divided. This can damage the deep branch and interfere with perfusion of the head.

We describe the anatomy of the MFCA and its branches based on dissections of 24 cadaver hips after injection of neoprene-latex into the femoral or internal iliac arteries.

The course of the deep branch of the MFCA was constant in its extracapsular segment. In all cases there was a trochanteric branch at the proximal border of quadratus femoris spreading on to the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter. This branch marks the level of the tendon of obturator externus, which is crossed posteriorly by the deep branch of the MFCA. As the deep branch travels superiorly, it crosses anterior to the conjoint tendon of gemellus inferior, obturator internus and gemellus superior. It then perforates the joint capsule at the level of gemellus superior. In its intracapsular segment it runs along the posterosuperior aspect of the neck of the femur dividing into two to four subsynovial retinacular vessels. We demonstrated that obturator externus protected the deep branch of the MFCA from being disrupted or stretched during dislocation of the hip in any direction after serial release of all other soft-tissue attachments of the proximal femur, including a complete circumferential capsulotomy.

Precise knowledge of the extracapsular anatomy of the MFCA and its surrounding structures will help to avoid iatrogenic avascular necrosis of the head of the femur in reconstructive surgery of the hip and fixation of acetabular fractures through the posterior approach.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 358 - 363
1 Apr 2000
Beck M Sledge JB Gautier E Dora CF Ganz R

In order to investigate the functional anatomy of gluteus minimus we dissected 16 hips in fresh cadavers. The muscle originates from the external aspect of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, and also at the sciatic notch from the inside of the pelvis where it protects the superior gluteal nerve and artery. It inserts anterosuperiorly into the capsule of the hip and continues to its main insertion on the greater trochanter.

Based on these anatomical findings, a model was developed using plastic bones. A study of its mechanics showed that gluteus minimus acts as a flexor, an abductor and an internal or external rotator, depending on the position of the femur and which part of the muscle is active. It follows that one of its functions is to stabilise the head of the femur in the acetabulum by tightening the capsule and applying pressure on the head. Careful preservation or reattachment of the tendon of gluteus minimus during surgery on the hip is strongly recommended.