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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1535 - 1541
1 Nov 2020
Yassin M Myatt R Thomas W Gupta V Hoque T Mahadevan D


Functional rehabilitation has become an increasingly popular treatment for Achilles tendon rupture (ATR), providing comparably low re-rupture rates to surgery, while avoiding risks of surgical complications. Limited evidence exists on whether gap size should affect patient selection for this treatment option. The aim of this study was to assess if size of gap between ruptured tendon ends affects patient-reported outcome following ATR treated with functional rehabilitation.


Analysis of prospectively collected data on all 131 patients diagnosed with ATR at Royal Berkshire Hospital, UK, from August 2016 to January 2019 and managed non-operatively was performed. Diagnosis was confirmed on all patients by dynamic ultrasound scanning and gap size measured with ankle in full plantarflexion. Functional rehabilitation using an established protocol was the preferred treatment. All non-operatively treated patients with completed Achilles Tendon Rupture Scores (ATRS) at a minimum of 12 months following injury were included.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 1, Issue 8 | Pages 494 - 499
18 Aug 2020
Karia M Gupta V Zahra W Dixon J Tayton E


The aim of this study is to determine the effects of the UK lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic on the orthopaedic admissions, operations, training opportunities, and theatre efficiency in a large district general hospital.


The number of patients referred to the orthopaedic team between 1 April 2020 and 30 April 2020 were collected. Other data collected included patient demographics, number of admissions, number and type of operations performed, and seniority of primary surgeon. Theatre time was collected consisting of anaesthetic time, surgical time, time to leave theatre, and turnaround time. Data were compared to the same period in 2019.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 11 | Pages 321 - 327
1 Nov 2014
Palmer AJR Ayyar-Gupta V Dutton SJ Rombach I Cooper CD Pollard TC Hollinghurst D Taylor A Barker KL McNally EG Beard DJ Andrade AJ Carr AJ Glyn-Jones S


Femoroacetabular Junction Impingement (FAI) describes abnormalities in the shape of the femoral head–neck junction, or abnormalities in the orientation of the acetabulum. In the short term, FAI can give rise to pain and disability, and in the long-term it significantly increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis. The Femoroacetabular Impingement Trial (FAIT) aims to determine whether operative or non-operative intervention is more effective at improving symptoms and preventing the development and progression of osteoarthritis.


FAIT is a multicentre superiority parallel two-arm randomised controlled trial comparing physiotherapy and activity modification with arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of symptomatic FAI. Patients aged 18 to 60 with clinical and radiological evidence of FAI are eligible. Principal exclusion criteria include previous surgery to the index hip, established osteoarthritis (Kellgren–Lawrence ≥ 2), hip dysplasia (centre-edge angle < 20°), and completion of a physiotherapy programme targeting FAI within the previous 12 months. Recruitment will take place over 24 months and 120 patients will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio and followed up for three years. The two primary outcome measures are change in hip outcome score eight months post-randomisation (approximately six-months post-intervention initiation) and change in radiographic minimum joint space width 38 months post-randomisation. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01893034.

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2014;3:321–7.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 5 | Pages 680 - 684
1 May 2008
Simon DWN Clarkin CE Das-Gupta V Rawlinson SCF Emery RJ Pitsillides AA

We examined cultured osteoblasts derived from paired samples from the greater tuberosity and acromion from eight patients with large chronic tears of the rotator cuff.

We found that osteoblasts from the tuberosity had no apparent response to mechanical stimulation, whereas those derived from the acromion showed an increase in alkaline phosphatase activity and nitric oxide release which is normally a response of bone cells to mechanical strain. By contrast, we found that cells from both regions were able to respond to dexamethasone, a well-established promoter of osteoblastic differentiation, with the expected increase in alkaline phosphatase activity.

Our findings indicate that the failure of repair of the rotator cuff may be due, at least in part, to a compromised capacity for mechanoadaptation within the greater tuberosity. It remains to be seen whether this apparent decrease in the sensitivity of bone cells to mechanical stimulation is the specific consequence of the reduced load-bearing history of the greater tuberosity in these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1206 - 1206
1 Nov 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 4 | Pages 571 - 573
1 May 2000
Kotwal PP Gupta V Malhotra R

Giant-cell tumour of the tendon sheath, also called pigmented villonodular synovitis, is a benign tumour with a high incidence of recurrence. We have tried to identify risk factors for recurrence. Of the 48 patients included in the study, 14 received radiotherapy after surgery. Only two (4%) had a recurrence. This compares favourably with previously reported incidences of between 25% and 45%.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 6 | Pages 997 - 1000
1 Nov 1999
Mittal R Gupta V Rastogi S

In 44 patients with tuberculosis of the foot we identified five radiological patterns of lesions; cystic, rheumatoid, subperiosteal, kissing and spina ventosa. Cystic destruction had the best outcome and rheumatoid the poorest. All the patients were cured after antituberculous treatment for 18 months, and none required surgery.