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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 2 | Pages 148 - 154
1 Feb 2020
Murray IR Chahla J Frank RM Piuzzi NS Mandelbaum BR Dragoo JL

Cell therapies hold significant promise for the treatment of injured or diseased musculoskeletal tissues. However, despite advances in research, there is growing concern about the increasing number of clinical centres around the world that are making unwarranted claims or are performing risky biological procedures. Such providers have been known to recommend, prescribe, or deliver so called ‘stem cell’ preparations without sufficient data to support their true content and efficacy. In this annotation, we outline the current environment of stem cell-based treatments and the strategies of marketing directly to consumers. We also outline the difficulties in the regulation of these clinics and make recommendations for best practice and the identification and reporting of illegitimate providers.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):148–154

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 3 | Pages 51 - 59
1 Mar 2014
Kim HJ Braun HJ Dragoo JL


Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound commonly found in the skins of red grapes. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a human gene that is activated by resveratrol and has been shown to promote longevity and boost mitochondrial metabolism. We examined the effect of resveratrol on normal and osteoarthritic (OA) human chondrocytes.


Normal and OA chondrocytes were incubated with various concentrations of resveratrol (1 µM, 10 µM, 25 µM and 50 µM) and cultured for 24, 48 or 72 hours or for six weeks. Cell proliferation, gene expression, and senescence were evaluated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 5 | Pages 740 - 747
1 Jul 2003
Dragoo JL Samimi B Zhu M Hame SL Thomas BJ Lieberman JR Hedrick MH Benhaim P

Multipotential processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells extracted from five human infrapatellar fat pads and embedded into fibrin glue nodules, were induced into the chondrogenic phenotype using chondrogenic media. The remaining cells were placed in osteogenic media and were transfected with an adenovirus carrying the cDNA for bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). We evaluated the tissue-engineered cartilage and bone using in vitro techniques and by placing cells into the hind legs of five severe combined immunodeficient mice.

After six weeks, radiological and histological analysis indicated that the PLA cells induced into the chondrogenic phenotype had the histological appearance of hyaline cartilage. Cells transfected with the BMP-2 gene media produced abundant bone, which was beginning to establish a marrow cavity. Tissue-engineered cartilage and bone from infrapatellar fat pads may prove to be useful for the treatment of osteochondral defects.