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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1084 - 1087
1 Aug 2007
Bruns J Delling G Gruber H Lohmann CH Habermann CR

We reviewed 25 patients in whom a MUTARS megaprosthesis with a conical fluted stem had been implanted. There were three types of stem: a standard stem was used in 17 cases (three in the proximal femur, nine in the distal femur and five proximal tibia), a custom-made proximal femoral stem in four cases and a custom-made distal femoral stem in four cases. The mean age of the patients was 40.1 years (17 to 70) and the mean follow-up was for 2.5 years (0.9 to 7.4).

At follow-up two patients had died from their disease: one was alive with disease and 22 were disease-free. One of 23 prostheses had been removed for infection and another revised to a cemented stem. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score was 24.9 (12 to 30) and the mean Karnofsky index was 82% (60% to 100%).

There was no radiological evidence of loosening or subsidence. Stem stress shielding was seen in 11 patients and was marked in five of these.

There were five complications, rupture of the extensor mechanism of the knee after extra-articular resection in two patients, deep venous thrombosis in one, septic loosening in one, and dislocation of the hip in one.

The survival rate after seven years was 87% (95% confidence interval (CI) 83 to 91) for the patients and 95% (95% CI 91 to 99) for the megaprosthesis. A longer follow-up is needed to confirm these encouraging results.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 192 - 199
1 Mar 2000
Engelbrecht E von Foerster G Delling G

Glass ionomer cement (Ionocem) was developed for use in bone surgery and is reported to be notably biocompatible. Between 1991 and 1994 we performed revision operations for aseptic loosening of arthroplasties of the hip on 45 patients using this material in its granulate form (Ionogran) mixed with homologous bone as a bone substitute. Of these 45 patients, 42 were followed up for a mean of 42 months. Early reloosening of the acetabular component has occurred in ten after a mean of 30 months. Histological examination showed large deposits of aluminium in the adjacent connective tissue and bone. Osteoblastic function and bone mineralisation were clearly inhibited. The serum levels of aluminium were also increased. The toxic damage at the bone interface caused by high local levels of aluminium must be seen as an important factor in the high rate of early reloosening. Our findings cast doubt on the biocompatibility of this material and we do not recommend continuation of its further use in orthopaedic surgery.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 3 | Pages 501 - 506
1 May 1999
Möller G Priemel M Amling M Werner M Kuhlmey AS Delling G

The Gorham-Stout Syndrome (Gorham’s massive osteolysis) is a rare condition in which spontaneous, progressive resorption of bone occurs. The aetiology is poorly understood. We report six cases of the condition and present evidence that osteolysis is due to an increased number of stimulated osteoclasts. This suggests that early potent antiresorptive therapy such as with calcitonin or bisphosphonates may prevent local progressive osteolysis.