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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 2 | Pages 237 - 244
1 Feb 2011
Berber O Amis AA Day AC

The purpose of this study was to assess the stability of a developmental pelvic reconstruction system which extends the concept of triangular osteosynthesis with fixation anterior to the lumbosacral pivot point. An unstable Tile type-C fracture, associated with a sacral transforaminal fracture, was created in synthetic pelves. The new concept was compared with three other constructs, including bilateral iliosacral screws, a tension band plate and a combined plate with screws. The pubic symphysis was plated in all cases. The pelvic ring was loaded to simulate single-stance posture in a cyclical manner until failure, defined as a displacement of 2 mm or 2°. The screws were the weakest construct, failing with a load of 50 N after 400 cycles, with maximal translation in the craniocaudal axis of 12 mm. A tension band plate resisted greater load but failure occurred at 100 N, with maximal rotational displacement around the mediolateral axis of 2.3°.

The combination of a plate and screws led to an improvement in stability at the 100 N load level, but rotational failure still occurred around the mediolateral axis. The pelvic reconstruction system was the most stable construct, with a maximal displacement of 2.1° of rotation around the mediolateral axis at a load of 500 N.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 651 - 658
1 May 2007
Day AC Kinmont C Bircher MD Kumar S

Crescent fracture dislocations are a well-recognised subset of pelvic ring injuries which result from a lateral compression force. They are characterised by disruption of the sacroiliac joint and extend proximally as a fracture of the posterior iliac wing. We describe a classification with three distinct types. Type I is characterised by a large crescent fragment and the dislocation comprises no more than one-third of the sacroiliac joint, which is typically inferior. Type II fractures are associated with an intermediate-size crescent fragment and the dislocation comprises between one- and two-thirds of the joint. Type III fractures are associated with a small crescent fragment where the dislocation comprises most, but not all of the joint. The principal goals of surgical intervention are the accurate and stable reduction of the sacroiliac joint. This classification proves useful in the selection of both the surgical approach and the reduction technique. A total of 16 patients were managed according to this classification and achieved good functional results approximately two years from the time of the index injury. Confounding factors compromise the summary short-form-36 and musculoskeletal functional assessment instrument scores, which is a well-recognised phenomenon when reporting the outcome of high-energy trauma.