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Crescent fracture-dislocation of the sacroiliac joint


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Crescent fracture dislocations are a well-recognised subset of pelvic ring injuries which result from a lateral compression force. They are characterised by disruption of the sacroiliac joint and extend proximally as a fracture of the posterior iliac wing. We describe a classification with three distinct types. Type I is characterised by a large crescent fragment and the dislocation comprises no more than one-third of the sacroiliac joint, which is typically inferior. Type II fractures are associated with an intermediate-size crescent fragment and the dislocation comprises between one- and two-thirds of the joint. Type III fractures are associated with a small crescent fragment where the dislocation comprises most, but not all of the joint. The principal goals of surgical intervention are the accurate and stable reduction of the sacroiliac joint. This classification proves useful in the selection of both the surgical approach and the reduction technique. A total of 16 patients were managed according to this classification and achieved good functional results approximately two years from the time of the index injury. Confounding factors compromise the summary short-form-36 and musculoskeletal functional assessment instrument scores, which is a well-recognised phenomenon when reporting the outcome of high-energy trauma.

Correspondence should be sent to Mr A. C. Day; e-mail: adriancday@hotmail.com

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