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Treatment outcomes for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) using systemic vancomycin and antibacterial cement spacers during two-stage revision arthroplasty remain unsatisfactory. This study explored the efficacy and safety of intra-articular vancomycin injections for PJI control after debridement and cement spacer implantation in a rat model.


Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), MRSA inoculation, debridement, and vancomycin-spacer implantation were performed successively in rats to mimic first-stage PJI during the two-stage revision arthroplasty procedure. Vancomycin was administered intraperitoneally or intra-articularly for two weeks to control the infection after debridement and spacer implantation.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 5 | Pages 278 - 291
12 May 2022
Hu X Fujiwara T Houdek MT Chen L Huang W Sun Z Sun Y Yan W


Socioeconomic and racial disparities have been recognized as impacting the care of patients with cancer, however there are a lack of data examining the impact of these disparities on patients with bone sarcoma. The purpose of this study was to examine socioeconomic and racial disparities that impact the oncological outcomes of patients with bone sarcoma.


We reviewed 4,739 patients diagnosed with primary bone sarcomas from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry between 2007 and 2015. We examined the impact of race and insurance status associated with the presence of metastatic disease at diagnosis, treatment outcome, and overall survival (OS).

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 12 | Pages 844 - 845
8 Dec 2021
Chen H Chen L

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 9, Issue 10 | Pages 689 - 700
7 Oct 2020
Zhang A Ma S Yuan L Wu S Liu S Wei X Chen L Ma C Zhao H


The study aimed to determine whether the microRNA miR21-5p (MiR21) mediates temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) by targeting growth differentiation factor 5 (Gdf5).


TMJ-OA was induced in MiR21 knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice by a unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) procedure. Mouse tissues exhibited histopathological changes, as assessed by: Safranin O, toluidine blue, and immunohistochemistry staining; western blotting (WB); and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Mouse condylar chondrocytes were transfected with a series of MiR21 mimic, MiR21 inhibitor, Gdf5 siRNA (si-GDF5), and flag-GDF5 constructs. The effects of MiR-21 and Gdf5 on the expression of OA related molecules were evaluated by immunofluorescence, alcian blue staining, WB, and RT-qPCR.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 7 | Pages 838 - 844
1 Jul 2020
Chen L Hong G Hong Z Lin T Chen Z Zhang Q He W


The aim of this study was to report the medium-term outcomes of impaction bone allograft and fibular grafting for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and to define the optimal indications.


A total of 67 patients (77 hips) with ONFH were enrolled in a single centre retrospective review. Success of the procedure was assessed using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and rate of revision to total hip arthroplasty (THA). Risk factors were studied, including age, aetiology, duration of hip pain, as well as two classification systems (Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) and Japanese Investigation Committee (JIC) systems).


This study aimed to uncover the hub long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) differentially expressed in osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage using an integrated analysis of the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network and co-expression network.


Expression profiles data of ten OA and ten normal tissues of human knee cartilage were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (GSE114007). The differentially expressed messenger RNAs (DEmRNAs) and lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were identified using the edgeR package. We integrated human microRNA (miRNA)-lncRNA/mRNA interactions with DElncRNA/DEmRNA expression profiles to construct a ceRNA network. Likewise, lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles were used to build a co-expression network with the WGCNA package. Potential hub lncRNAs were identified based on an integrated analysis of the ceRNA network and co-expression network. StarBase and Multi Experiment Matrix databases were used to verify the lncRNAs.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 2, Issue 12 | Pages 255 - 263
1 Dec 2013
Zhang Y Xu J Wang X Huang J Zhang C Chen L Wang C Ma X


The objective of this study was to evaluate the rotation and translation of each joint in the hindfoot and compare the load response in healthy feet with that in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) flatfoot by analysing the reconstructive three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) image data during simulated weight-bearing.


CT scans of 15 healthy feet and 15 feet with stage II PTTD flatfoot were taken first in a non-weight-bearing condition, followed by a simulated full-body weight-bearing condition. The images of the hindfoot bones were reconstructed into 3D models. The ‘twice registration’ method in three planes was used to calculate the position of the talus relative to the calcaneus in the talocalcaneal joint, the navicular relative to the talus in talonavicular joint, and the cuboid relative to the calcaneus in the calcaneocuboid joint.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 3 | Pages 400 - 401
1 Mar 2006
Chen L Soares D

We report a case of fatal pulmonary embolism following a simple ankle fracture in a 17-year-old girl. The diagnosis was confirmed at post-mortem. The risk factors for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and their significance in orthopaedic fracture management are discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 2 | Pages 213 - 219
1 Feb 2006
Kambhampati SBS Birch R Cobiella C Chen L

We describe the results of surgical treatment in a prospective study of 183 consecutive cases of subluxation (101) and dislocation (82) of the shoulder secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy between 1995 and 2000. Neurological recovery was rated ‘good’ or ‘useful’ in all children, whose lesions fell into groups 1, 2 or 3 of the Narakas classification. The mean age at operation was 47 months (3 to 204). The mean follow-up was 40 months (24 to 124).

The mean gain in function was 3.6 levels (9.4 to 13) using the Mallet score and 2 (2.1 to 4.1) on the Gilbert score. The mean active global range of shoulder movement was increased by 73°; the mean range of active lateral rotation by 58° and that of supination of the forearm by 51°. Active medial rotation was decreased by a mean of 10°. There were 20 failures. The functional outcome is related to the severity of the neurological lesion, the duration of the dislocation and onset of deformity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 6 | Pages 818 - 821
1 Aug 2003
Hsieh P Chen L Lee M Chen C Yang W Shih C

We retrospectively reviewed 45 hip arthroplasties which were performed over a period of 20 years in 38 patients with cirrhosis of the liver. There was a high perioperative 30-day complication rate (26.7%). Advanced cirrhosis was associated with a higher risk of complications (p = 0.004) as also was increased age, a high level of creatinine, a low level of albumin, a low platelet count, ascites, encephalopathy and an increased operative blood loss. The survival of the prosthesis at five years was 77.8% and infection was a major cause of failure.

In view of the high rate of early complications and the limited longevity of the prosthesis, surgeons who perform hip arthroplasty on such patients should counsel them appropriately preoperatively.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 3 | Pages 361 - 365
1 May 1997
Shih C Lee P Chen J Tai C Chen L Wu JS Chang WH

We made a clinical study of polyethylene wear in 240 hips of 187 patients having primary total hip arthroplasties from 1989 to 1990, using uncemented Osteonics components, with a head size of 26 mm. We excluded cups with anteversion of over 20° and measured linear wear by a new method using a digitiser and special software of our design. Follow-up was from two to five years (mean 4.3).

The mean age at operation was 50.3 years, with more men than women (1.4:1). The mean linear wear per year was 0.15 mm; this did not increase with the longevity of the prosthesis (p = 0.54). In 59 hips showing evidence of osteolysis, the mean linear wear rate was significantly higher at 0.23 mm/year (p < 0.001). The mean linear wear rate also correlated significantly with age at the time of operation (p = 0.008), but we found no significant correlations with body-weight, gender, aetiology of the disease, thickness of polyethylene, or cup position.

Our new method of measurement is time-saving and reproducible. The results confirm the greater rate of linear wear of polyethylene in patients showing osteolysis and in those who are younger.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 5 | Pages 759 - 760
1 Sep 1996
Berman J Anand P Chen L Taggart M Birch R

We performed intercostal nerve transfer in 19 patients to relieve pain from preganglionic injury to the brachial plexus. The procedure was successful in 16 patients at a mean of 28.6 months (12 to 68) after the injury.