header advert
You currently have no access to view or download this content. Please log in with your institutional or personal account if you should have access to through either of these
The Bone & Joint Journal Logo

Receive monthly Table of Contents alerts from The Bone & Joint Journal

Comprehensive article alerts can be set up and managed through your account settings

View my account settings

Get Access locked padlock


Patient-acceptable symptom state for reporting outcomes following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

a matched pair analysis comparing UKA in ACL-deficient versus ACL-intact knees

Download PDF



The patient-acceptable symptom state (PASS) is a level of wellbeing, which is measured by the patient. The aim of this study was to determine if the proportion of patients who achieved an acceptable level of function (PASS) after medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) was different based on the status of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) at the time of surgery.


A total of 114 patients who underwent UKA for isolated medial osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee were included in the study. Their mean age was 65 years (SD 10). No patient underwent a bilateral procedure. Those who had undergone ACL reconstruction during the previous five years were excluded. The Knee injury Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living (KOOS ADL) function score was used as the primary outcome measure with a PASS of 87.5, as described for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patients completed all other KOOS subscales, Lysholm score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and the Veterans Rand 12-item health survey score. Failure was defined as conversion to TKA.


Survivorship at ten years was 97% in both the ACL-deficient and ACL-intact groups. The mean survival was 16.1 years (95% confidence interval (CI) 15.3 to 16.8) for the ACL-deficient group and 15.6 years (95% CI 14.8 to 16.361) for the ACL-intact group (p = 0.878). At a mean of nine years (SD 3.5) in the ACL-deficient group, 32 patients (87%) reached the PASS for the KOOS ADL. In the ACL-intact group, at a mean of 8.6 years (SD 3) follow-up, 63 patients (85%) reached PASS for the KOOS ADL. There was no significant difference in the percentage of patients who reached PASS for all KOOS subscales and Lysholm between the two groups.


PASS was achieved in 85% of all UKAs for KOOS ADL, similar to reports for TKA. Fixed-bearing, medial, non-robotically-assisted UKA resulted in 97% survival at ten years in both the ACL-deficient and ACL-intact groups. There was no significant difference in all outcomes between the two groups. Understanding PASS will allow better communication between surgeons and patients to improve the surgical management of patients with single compartment OA of the knee. This study provides mid- to long-term data supporting the use of PASS to document outcomes following UKA. PASS was met in more than 85% of patients with no differences between ACL-deficient and ACL-intact knees at a mean follow-up of nine years.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(8):1367–1372.

Correspondence should be sent to Kevin D. Plancher. E-mail:

For access options please click here