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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 9, Issue 11 | Pages 751 - 760
1 Nov 2020
Li Y Lin X Zhu M Xun F Li J Yuan Z Liu Y Xu H


This study aimed to investigate the effect of solute carrier family 20 member 2 (SLC20A2) gene mutation (identified from a hereditary multiple exostoses family) on chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation.


ATDC5 chondrocytes were cultured in insulin-transferrin-selenium medium to induce differentiation. Cells were transfected with pcDNA3.0 plasmids with either a wild-type (WT) or mutated (MUT) SLC20A2 gene. The inorganic phosphate (Pi) concentration in the medium of cells was determined. The expression of markers of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation, the Indian hedgehog (Ihh), and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) pathway were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 5 | Pages 740 - 747
1 Jul 2003
Dragoo JL Samimi B Zhu M Hame SL Thomas BJ Lieberman JR Hedrick MH Benhaim P

Multipotential processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells extracted from five human infrapatellar fat pads and embedded into fibrin glue nodules, were induced into the chondrogenic phenotype using chondrogenic media. The remaining cells were placed in osteogenic media and were transfected with an adenovirus carrying the cDNA for bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). We evaluated the tissue-engineered cartilage and bone using in vitro techniques and by placing cells into the hind legs of five severe combined immunodeficient mice.

After six weeks, radiological and histological analysis indicated that the PLA cells induced into the chondrogenic phenotype had the histological appearance of hyaline cartilage. Cells transfected with the BMP-2 gene media produced abundant bone, which was beginning to establish a marrow cavity. Tissue-engineered cartilage and bone from infrapatellar fat pads may prove to be useful for the treatment of osteochondral defects.