header advert
Results 1 - 5 of 5
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1287 - 1289
1 Oct 2014
Nikiphorou E Konan S MacGregor AJ Haddad FS Young A

There has been an in increase in the availability of effective biological agents for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as well as a shift towards early diagnosis and management of the inflammatory process. This article explores the impact this may have on the place of orthopaedic surgery in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1287–9

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1377 - 1382
1 Oct 2013
Walch G Mesiha M Boileau P Edwards TB Lévigne C Moineau G Young A

Osteoarthritis results in changes in the dimensions of the glenoid. This study aimed to assess the size and radius of curvature of arthritic glenoids. A total of 145 CT scans were analysed, performed as part of routine pre-operative assessment before total shoulder replacement in 91 women and 54 men. Only patients with primary osteoarthritis and a concentric glenoid were included in the study. The CT scans underwent three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and were analysed using dedicated computer software. The measurements consisted of maximum superoinferior height, anteroposterior width and a best-fit sphere radius of curvature of the glenoid.

The mean height was 40.2 mm (sd 4.9), the mean width was 29 mm (sd 4.3) and the mean radius of curvature was 35.4 mm (sd 7.8). The measurements were statistically different in men and women and had a Gaussian distribution with marked variation. All measurements were greater than the known values in normal subjects.

With current shoulder replacement systems using a unique backside radius of curvature for the glenoid component, there is a risk of undertaking excessive reaming to adapt the bone to the component resulting in sacrifice of subchondral bone or under-reaming and instability of the component due to a ’rocking horse‘ phenomenon.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1377–82.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 2 | Pages 210 - 216
1 Feb 2011
Young A Walch G Boileau P Favard L Gohlke F Loew M Molé D

We report the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the Aequalis total shoulder replacement with a cemented all-polyethylene flat-back keeled glenoid component implanted for primary osteoarthritis between 1991 and 2003 in nine European centres. A total of 226 shoulders in 210 patients were retrospectively reviewed at a mean of 122.7 months (61 to 219) or at revision. Clinical outcome was assessed using the Constant score, patient satisfaction score and range of movement. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis was performed with glenoid revision for loosening and radiological glenoid loosening (sd) as endpoints. The Constant score was found to improve from a mean of 26.8 (sd 10.3) pre-operatively to 57.6 (sd 20.0) post-operatively (p < 0.001). Active forward flexion improved from a mean of 85.3° (sd 27.4) pre-operatively to 125° (sd 37.3) postoperatively (p < 0.001). External rotation improved from a mean of 7° (sd 6.5) pre-operatively to 30.3° (sd 21.8°) post-operatively (p < 0.001). Survivorship with revision of the glenoid component as the endpoint was 99.1% at five years, 94.5% at ten years and 79.4% at 15 years. Survivorship with radiological loosening as the endpoint was 99.1% at five years, 80.3% at ten years and 33.6% at 15 years.

Younger patient age and the curettage technique for glenoid preparation correlated with loosening. The rate of glenoid revision and radiological loosening increased with duration of follow-up, but not until a follow-up of five years. Therefore, we recommend that future studies reporting radiological outcomes of new glenoid designs should report follow-up of at least five to ten years.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 64-B, Issue 1 | Pages 95 - 98
1 Feb 1982
Hunter J Zoma A Scullion J Protheroe K Young A Sturrock R Capell H

The British Orthopaedic Association assessment questionnaire for knee replacements was adapted to allow comparison of the severity of underlying polyarthritis with the benefits of geometric knee replacement in a retrospective study of 150 knees between six months and six years after operation. Total or partial relief of pain was achieved in 81 per cent of the operation, and changes in mobility occurred in fewer patients. Late sepsis remained a serious complication of nine per cent of the operations and one patient died from septicaemia. Late sepsis was associated with previous synovectomy or osteotomy. Retropatellar pain rarely interfered with the mobility of the patient. There was no association of operations that failed with a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, a high platelet count, a low haemoglobin level or with a strongly positive rheumatoid factor but pain in the contralateral knee was associated with a diminished functional capacity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 63-B, Issue 2 | Pages 239 - 243
1 May 1981
Young A Kinsella P Boland P

Thirteen patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis had 19 stress fractures of the tibia or fibula. These patients characteristically presented with sudden, severe, unexplained pain with localised tenderness just below the knee or above the ankle. In seven patients examination of the adjacent joint indicated a flare-up of disease activity or a pyogenic arthritis. In six patients the diagnosis was delayed by the late appearance of callus in minute fractures. All patients had rheumatoid deformities of the ipsilateral lower limb: valgus deformities of the knee and subtalar joints occurred most frequently. All patients had osteoporosis; all except two had received steroid treatment and five had abnormalities of calcium metabolism. We suggest that deformities of the knee and ankle predispose patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis to stress fractures of the tibia and fibula.