header advert
Results 1 - 3 of 3
Results per page:
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 7 | Pages 870 - 873
1 Jul 2008
Yiannakopoulos CK Mataragas E Antonogiannakis E

The effect of weight-bearing on the height of the patellar using four radiological indices was studied in 25 healthy men using lateral radiographs of the knee in 30° of flexion non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing. The position of the patella was quantified using the Insall-Salvati, the modified Insall-Salvati, the Blackburne-Peel and the Caton indices. The contraction of the quadriceps on weight-bearing resulted in statistically significant proximal displacement of the patella with all four indices studied. The mean Insall-Salvati index was 0.919 (sd 0.063) before and 1.109 (sd 0.042) after weight-bearing (p = 0.001), while the mean modified Insall-Salvati index was 0.734 (sd 0.039) before and 0.896 (sd 0.029) after weight-bearing (p = 0.041). Similarly, the Blackburne-Peel index was 0.691 (sd 0.09) before and 0.807 (sd 0.137) after weight-bearing (p = 0.012). The mean Caton index was 0.861 (sd 0.09) before and 0.976 (sd 0.144) after weight-bearing (p = 0.023).

The effect of quadriceps contraction should be considered in clinical studies where the patellar position indices are reported.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 6 | Pages 724 - 730
1 Jun 2008
Hartofilakidis G Georgiades G Babis GC Yiannakopoulos CK

We have evaluated the results of total hip replacement in patients with congenital hip disease using 46 cemented all-polyethylene Charnley acetabular components implanted with the cotyloplasty technique in 34 patients (group A), and compared them with 47 metal-backed cementless acetabular components implanted without bone grafting in 33 patients (group B). Patients in group A were treated between 1988 and 1993 and those in group B between 1990 and 1995. The mean follow-up for group A was 16.6 years (12 to 18) and the mean follow-up for group B was 13.4 years (10 to 16).

Revision for aseptic loosening was undertaken in 15 hips (32.6%) in group A and in four hips (8.5%) in group B. When liner exchange was included, a total of 13 hips were revised in group B (27.7%). The mean polyethylene wear was 0.11 mm/yr (0.002 to 0.43) and 0.107 mm/yr (0 to 0.62) for groups A and B, respectively. Polyethylene wear in group A was associated with linear osteolysis, and in group B with expansile osteolysis.

In patients with congenital hip disease, when 80% cover of the implant can be obtained, a cementless acetabular component appears to be acceptable and provides durable fixation. However, because of the type of osteolysis arising with these devices, early exchange of a worn liner is recommended before extensive bone loss makes revision surgery more complicated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 5 | Pages 579 - 583
1 May 2008
Yiannakopoulos CK Chougle A Eskelinen A Hodgkinson JP Hartofilakidis G

Our study evaluated the reliability of the Crowe and Hartofilakidis classification systems for developmental dysplasia of the hip in adults. The anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis of 145 patients with 209 osteoarthritic hips were examined twice by three experienced hip surgeons from three European countries and the abnormal hips were rated using both classifications. The inter- and intra-observer agreement was calculated.

Interobserver reliability was evaluated using weighted and unweighted kappa coefficients and for the Crowe classification, among the three pairs there was a minimum kappa coefficient with linear weighting of 0.90 for observers A and C and a maximum kappa coefficient of 0.92 for observers B and C. For the Hartofilakidis classification, the minimum kappa value was 0.85 for observers A and B, and the maximum value was 0.93 for observers B and C. With regard to intra-observer reliability, the kappa coefficients with linear weighting between the two evaluations of the same observer ranged between 0.86 and 0.95 for the Crowe classification and between 0.80 and 0.93 for the Hartofilakidis classification.

The reliability of both systems was substantial to almost perfect both for serial measurements by individual readers and between different readers, although the information offered was dissimilar.