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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 1 | Pages 35 - 46
1 Jan 2023
Mills K Wymenga AB Bénard MR Kaptein BL Defoort KC van Hellemondt GG Heesterbeek PJC


The aim of this study was to compare a bicruciate-retaining (BCR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA design in terms of kinematics, measured using fluoroscopy and stability as micromotion using radiostereometric analysis (RSA).


A total of 40 patients with end-stage osteoarthritis were included in this randomized controlled trial. All patients performed a step-up and lunge task in front of a monoplane fluoroscope one year postoperatively. Femorotibial contact point (CP) locations were determined at every flexion angle and compared between the groups. RSA images were taken at baseline, six weeks, three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Clinical and functional outcomes were compared postoperatively for two years.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 7 | Pages 875 - 883
1 Jul 2022
Mills K Wymenga AB van Hellemondt GG Heesterbeek PJC


Both the femoral and tibial component are usually cemented at revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA), while stems can be added with either cemented or press-fit (hybrid) fixation. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term stability of rTKA with cemented and press-fitted stems, using radiostereometric analysis (RSA).


This is a follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, initially involving 32 patients, of whom 19 (nine cemented, ten hybrid) were available for follow-up ten years postoperatively, when further RSA measurements were made. Micromotion of the femoral and tibial components was assessed using model-based RSA software (RSAcore). The clinical outcome was evaluated using the Knee Society Score (KSS), the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and visual analogue scale (pain and satisfaction).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1459 - 1465
1 Nov 2009
Luites JWH Brinkman J Wymenga AB van Heerwaarden RJ

Valgus high tibial osteotomy for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee can be performed using medial opening- and lateral closing-wedge techniques. The latter have been thought to offer greater initial stability.

We measured and compared the stability of opening- and closing-wedge osteotomies fixed by TomoFix plates using radiostereometry in a series of 42 patients in a prospective, randomised clinical trial.

There were no differences between the opening- and closing-wedge groups in the time to regain knee function and full weight-bearing. Pain and knee function were significantly improved in both groups without any differences between them. All the osteotomies united within one year. Radiostereometry showed no clinically relevant movement of bone or differences between either group.

Medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy secured by a TomoFix plate offers equal stability to a lateral closing-wedge technique. Both give excellent initial stability and provide significantly improved knee function and reduction in pain, although the opening-wedge technique was more likely to produce the intended correction.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1548 - 1557
1 Dec 2008
Brinkman J Lobenhoffer P Agneskirchner JD Staubli AE Wymenga AB van Heerwaarden RJ

New developments in osteotomy techniques and methods of fixation have caused a revival of interest of osteotomies around the knee. The current consensus on the indications, patient selection and the factors influencing the outcome after high tibial osteotomy is presented. This paper highlights recent research aimed at joint pressure redistribution, fixation stability and bone healing that has led to improved surgical techniques and a decrease of post-operative time to full weight-bearing.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 2 | Pages 180 - 185
1 Feb 2007
Koëter S Diks MJF Anderson PG Wymenga AB

An abnormal lateral position of the tibial tuberosity causes distal malalignment of the extensor mechanism of the knee and can lead to lateral tracking of the patella causing anterior knee pain or objective patellar instability, characterised by recurrent dislocation. Computer tomography is used for a precise pre-operative assessment of the tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance. A distance of more than 15 mm is considered to be pathological and an indication for surgery in symptomatic patients.

In a prospective study we performed a subtle transfer of the tibial tuberosity according to the information gained from the pre-operative CT scan. This method was applied to two groups of patients, those with painful lateral tracking of the patella, and those with objective patellar instability. We evaluated the clinical results in 30 patients in each group. The outcome was documented at 3, 12 and 24 months using the Lysholm scale, the Kujala score, and a visual analogue pain score.

Post-operatively, all but one patient in the instability group who had a patellar dislocation requiring further surgery reported good improvement with no further subluxation or dislocation. All patients in both groups had a marked improvement in pain and functional score. Two patients sustained a tibial fracture six and seven weeks after surgery. One patient suffered a per-operative fracture of the tibial tubercle which later required further fixation.

If carefully performed, this type of transfer of the tibial tubercle appears to be a satisfactory technique for the treatment of patients with an increased tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance and who present with symptoms related to lateral maltracking of the patella.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1364 - 1368
1 Oct 2005
Brinkman J Schwering PJA Blankevoort L Koolos JG Luites J Wymenga AB

We have quantitatively documented the insertion geometry of the main stabilising structures of the posterolateral corner of the knee in 34 human cadavers. The lateral collateral ligament inserted posterior (4.6 mm, sd 2) and proximal (1.3 mm, sd 3.6) to the lateral epicondyle of the femur and posterior (8.1 mm, sd 3.2) to the anterior point of the head of the fibula. On the femur, the popliteus tendon inserted distally (11 mm, sd 0.8) and either anterior or posterior (mean 0.84 mm anterior, sd 4) to the lateral collateral ligament. The popliteofibular ligament inserted distal (1.3 mm, sd 1.2) and anterior (0.5 mm, sd 2.0) to the tip of the styloid process of the fibula.

The ligaments had a consistent pattern of insertion and, despite the variation between specimens, the standard deviations were less than the typical size of drill hole used in reconstruction of the posterolateral corner. The data provided in this study can be used in the anatomical repair and reconstruction of this region of the knee.