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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 2 | Pages 122 - 133
1 Feb 2021
He CP Jiang XC Chen C Zhang HB Cao WD Wu Q Ma C

Osteoarthritis (OA), one of the most common motor system disorders, is a degenerative disease involving progressive joint destruction caused by a variety of factors. At present, OA has become the fourth most common cause of disability in the world. However, the pathogenesis of OA is complex and has not yet been clarified. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) refers to a group of RNAs more than 200 nucleotides in length with limited protein-coding potential, which have a wide range of biological functions including regulating transcriptional patterns and protein activity, as well as binding to form endogenous small interference RNAs (siRNAs) and natural microRNA (miRNA) molecular sponges. In recent years, a large number of lncRNAs have been found to be differentially expressed in a variety of pathological processes of OA, including extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, synovial inflammation, chondrocyte apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Obviously, lncRNAs play important roles in regulating gene expression, maintaining the phenotype of cartilage and synovial cells, and the stability of the intra-articular environment. This article reviews the results of the latest research into the role of lncRNAs in a variety of pathological processes of OA, in order to provide a new direction for the study of OA pathogenesis and a new target for prevention and treatment.

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2021;10(2):122–133.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1140 - 1142
1 Aug 2011
Gao X Wu Q Chen W Chen Q Xu K Li F Yan S

High-pressure injection injuries occur infrequently but are usually work-related and involve the non-dominant hand. The neck is a very rare site for such an injury. We describe the management of a 36-year-old man with a high-pressure grease-gun injection injury to his neck causing a cervical spinal cord injury. He developed severe motor and sensory changes which were relieved by surgical removal of the grease through anterior and posterior approaches.