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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 5 | Pages 504 - 510
1 May 2023
Evans JT Salar O Whitehouse SL Sayers A Whitehouse MR Wilton T Hubble MJW


The Exeter V40 femoral stem is the most implanted stem in the National Joint Registry (NJR) for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). In 2004, the 44/00/125 stem was released for use in ‘cement-in-cement’ revision cases. It has, however, been used ‘off-label’ as a primary stem when patient anatomy requires a smaller stem with a 44 mm offset. We aimed to investigate survival of this implant in comparison to others in the range when used in primary THAs recorded in the NJR.


We analyzed 328,737 primary THAs using the Exeter V40 stem, comprising 34.3% of the 958,869 from the start of the NJR to December 2018. Our exposure was the stem, and the outcome was all-cause construct revision. We stratified analyses into four groups: constructs using the 44/00/125 stem, those using the 44/0/150 stem, those including a 35.5/125 stem, and constructs using any other Exeter V40 stem.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 3 | Pages 221 - 226
1 Mar 2023
Wilton T Skinner JA Haddad FS

Recent publications have drawn attention to the fact that some brands of joint replacement may contain variants which perform significantly worse (or better) than their ‘siblings’. As a result, the National Joint Registry has performed much more detailed analysis on the larger families of knee arthroplasties in order to identify exactly where these differences may be present and may hitherto have remained hidden. The analysis of the Nexgen knee arthroplasty brand identified that some posterior-stabilized combinations have particularly high revision rates for aseptic loosening of the tibia, and consequently a medical device recall has been issued for the Nexgen ‘option’ tibial component which was implicated. More elaborate signal detection is required in order to identify such variation in results in a routine fashion if patients are to be protected from such variation in outcomes between closely related implant types.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2023;105-B(3):221–226.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 9 | Pages 716 - 725
15 Sep 2022
Boulton C Harrison C Wilton T Armstrong R Young E Pegg D Wilkinson JM

Data of high quality are critical for the meaningful interpretation of registry information. The National Joint Registry (NJR) was established in 2002 as the result of an unexpectedly high failure rate of a cemented total hip arthroplasty. The NJR began data collection in 2003. In this study we report on the outcomes following the establishment of a formal data quality (DQ) audit process within the NJR, within which each patient episode entry is validated against the hospital unit’s Patient Administration System and vice-versa. This process enables bidirectional validation of every NJR entry and retrospective correction of any errors in the dataset. In 2014/15 baseline average compliance was 92.6% and this increased year-on-year with repeated audit cycles to 96.0% in 2018/19, with 76.4% of units achieving > 95% compliance. Following the closure of the audit cycle, an overall compliance rate of 97.9% was achieved for the 2018/19 period. An automated system was initiated in 2018 to reduce administrative burden and to integrate the DQ process into standard workflows. Our processes and quality improvement results demonstrate that DQ may be implemented successfully at national level, while minimizing the burden on hospitals.

Cite this article: Bone Jt Open 2022;3(9):716–725.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1277 - 1278
1 Oct 2020
Hughes R Hallstrom B Schemanske C Howard PW Wilton T

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 5 | Pages 751 - 756
1 Sep 1991
Sambatakakis A Wilton T Newton G

We report on the radiological findings in a series of 871 consecutive primary condylar knee replacements followed up for an average of four years. A new radiological sign has been identified, consisting of a smoothly tapering wedge of cement visible beneath the horizontal portion of the tibial component on the anteroposterior radiograph. This was found in 25.4% of our cases and appears to indicate a persistent soft-tissue imbalance following condylar arthroplasty of the knee. The cement-wedge sign was associated with a highly significant increase in radiolucent lines at the tibial cement-bone interface.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1053 - 1056
1 Nov 1990
Thompson S Wilton T Hosking D White D Pawley E

Serum 1.25 dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations were reduced in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures, irrespective of the presence of osteomalacia. This reduction was not attributable to a decrease in vitamin D binding protein. The low rate of bone turnover in these elderly patients might reduce the requirement for vitamin D and protect against the development of osteomalacia. Serum vitamin D metabolite concentration cannot be used as a screening test for osteomalacia in these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 765 - 768
1 Nov 1987
Wilton T Hosking D Pawley E Stevens A Harvey L

In this study 201 elderly patients with femoral neck fractures were compared with 30 osteomalacic patients with the same injury. Hypocalcaemia and a raised alkaline phosphatase level are common biochemical abnormalities in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures. In only a minority of patients, however, were they associated with histologically proven osteomalacia. By using the combination of hypocalcaemia and a raised alkaline phosphatase it is possible to identify a subgroup (approximately 10% of all admissions) in whom osteomalacia is relatively likely.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 3 | Pages 388 - 390
1 May 1987
Wilton T Hosking D Pawley E Stevens A Harvey L

In a series of over 1000 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture, who were routinely screened by iliac crest bone biopsy, a 2% prevalence of osteomalacia was found. This low figure suggests that osteomalacia is not a significant predisposing factor in the development of these fractures and that routine screening is not cost-effective.