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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 4 | Pages 521 - 526
1 May 2004
Kolker D Murray M Wilson M

We reviewed, retrospectively, 13 patients who had undergone open anterograde autologous bone grafting of the talus for symptomatic osteochondral defects of the dome of the talus. The mean age of the seven men and six women was 38.4 years. The defects included the full thickness of articular cartilage, extended through the subchondral plate and were associated with subchondral cysts. Six patients (46%) were clinical failures requiring further surgery. Of the remaining seven, functional outcome results were obtained at a mean of 51.9 months after surgery. The mean outcome scores for the Musculoskeletal Outcomes Data Evaluation and Management System foot and ankle questionnaire and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale were 87.0 and 84.3, respectively. There was an overall 46.2% patient satisfaction rate.

We believe that the technique of autologous bone grafting presented should be used with extreme caution, when considered as the primary treatment for the adult patient with a symptomatic advanced osteochondral defect of the talus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 5 | Pages 640 - 645
1 Jul 2001
Levy O Wilson M Williams H Bruguera JA Dodenhoff R Sforza G Copeland S

We present the short- and medium-term clinical results of thermal shrinkage in selected groups of patients with multidirectional or capsular stretch-type instability. We treated 56 patients (61 shoulders) by laser-assisted capsular shrinkage (LACS) and 34 patients (38 shoulders) by radiofrequency (RF) capsular shrinkage. The two groups were followed for mean periods of 40 months and 23 months, respectively.

In the LACS group the mean Walch-Duplay score improved to 90 points 18 months after the operation, but then declined to a plateau of about 80 points; 59% of patients considered their shoulders to be ‘much better’ or ‘better’ but there was a failure rate of 36.1%. For the RF group the mean Walch-Duplay and Constant scores were 80 points at the various follow-up times; 76.3% of patients considered their shoulder to be ‘much better’ or ‘better’. RF failed in nine shoulders (23.7%). These results match some clinical series of patients with multidirectional instability, undergoing open inferior capsular shift, with a similar rate of failure. We believe that the minimal morbidity involved makes thermal shrinkage a viable alternative to open capsular shift in this difficult group of patients.