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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1286 - 1289
1 Oct 2017
Rajpura A Board TN Siney PD Wynn Jones H Williams S Dabbs L Wroblewski BM


Our aim in this study was to describe a continuing review of 11 total hip arthroplasties using 22.225 mm Alumina ceramic femoral heads on a Charnley flanged femoral component, articulating against a silane crosslinked polyethylene.

Patients and Methods

Nine patients (11 THAs) were reviewed at a mean of 27.5 years (26 to 28) post-operatively. Outcome was assessed using the d’Aubigne and Postel, and Charnley scores and penetration was recorded on radiographs. In addition, the oxidation of a 29-year-old shelf-aged acetabular component was analysed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1134 - 1141
1 Sep 2009
Isaac GH Brockett C Breckon A van der Jagt D Williams S Hardaker C Fisher J Schepers A

This study reports on ceramic-on-metal (CoM) bearings in total hip replacement. Whole blood metal ion levels were measured. The median increase in chromium and cobalt at 12 months was 0.08 μg/1 and 0.22 μg/1, respectively, in CoM bearings. Comparable values for metal-on-metal (MoM) were 0.48 μg/1 and 0.32 μg/1. The chromium levels were significantly lower in CoM than in MoM bearings (p = 0.02). The cobalt levels were lower, but the difference was not significant. Examination of two explanted ceramic heads revealed areas of thin metal transfer. CoM bearings (one explanted head and acetabular component, one explanted head and new acetabular component, and three new heads and acetabular components) were tested in a hip joint simulator. The explanted head and acetabular component had higher bedding-in. However, after one million cycles all the wear rates were the same and an order of magnitude less than that reported for MoM bearings. There were four outliers in each clinical group, primarily related to component malposition.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 113 - 115
1 Jan 2001
Toms AD Williams S White SH

We describe two patients with obturator dislocation of the hip which was irreducible by described techniques of closed reduction. The first required open reduction using the iliofemoral approach with release of rectus femoris. The second was treated on a traction table which allowed disengagement of the head and, when combined with simultaneous lateral traction, adduction and gradual release of the longitudinal traction, facilitated a smooth reduction. Since the hip is stable in flexion, early mobilisation in an extension-limiting brace avoids the prolonged bed rest traditionally recommended for this injury.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 1 | Pages 116 - 118
1 Jan 2000
Best AJ Williams S Crozier A Bhatt R Gregg PJ Hui ACW

We recruited 89 patients who had hip or knee replacements to assess the performance of below-knee graded compression stockings. The pressure gradients generated by the stockings were measured and all patients had venography of the ipsilateral leg.

We found that 98% of stockings failed to produce the ‘ideal’ pressure gradient (± 20%) of 18, 14 and 8 mmHg from the ankle to the knee, while 54% produced a ‘reversed gradient’ on at least one occasion during the course of the study. The overall rate of deep-venous thrombosis was 16.7%. Stockings which produced reversed gradients were associated with a significantly higher incidence of deep-venous thrombosis (p = 0.026) than those with the correct gradient (25.6% v 6.1%). This suggests that the performance of graded compression stockings can be improved if reversed pressure gradients are detected and prevented.