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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 4 | Pages 546 - 550
1 Aug 1984
Williams E Read L Ellis A Morris P Galasko C

Equinus deformity of the ankle is one of the serious orthopaedic problems associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Sixty-nine patients (age range 4 to 17 years) were treated, 43 conservatively and 26 operatively. They were followed up at six-monthly intervals for a minimum of two years and a maximum of six years. The patients were divided into three groups: independently mobile, mobile in calipers, and wheelchair-bound. It was found that conservative treatment could at best only minimise progression of the deformity. The indications for surgery, the operative procedure and the postoperative management are described; all varied according to the stage of the disease. The postoperative follow-up suggests that, though the deformity recurs, the patients have several years of benefit from the procedure.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 1 | Pages 84 - 88
1 Jan 1984
Haines J Williams E Hargadon E Davies D

All tibial shaft fractures treated at one hospital during a five-year period were studied in a prospective trial. Ninety-one displaced fractures in adults were treated using a conservative policy that included early bone grafting when indicated. Sound bony union was obtained in all cases. Those that healed primarily took on average 16.3 weeks whereas the 24 per cent that required bone grafts took 35.1 weeks. The number of complications, most of which were minor, was considered acceptable. It is concluded that provided early bone grafting is performed when necessary, a basically conservative policy of treatment is satisfactory; bony union of all displaced tibial fractures is achieved in a reasonable period of time.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 1 | Pages 24 - 28
1 Jan 1983
Fahmy N Williams E Noble J

The relationship between meniscal tearing and degenerative joint disease was studied by macroscopic examination of 115 knees at necropsy. The incidence of meniscal pathology was 57 per cent. There was no overall difference in the severity and distribution of tibiofemoral degeneration, whether the meniscus was torn or normal. We found little evidence that degenerative meniscal tears cause osteoarthritis or vice versa.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 61-B, Issue 4 | Pages 451 - 454
1 Nov 1979
Williams E Hargadon E Davies D

The results of thirty-one Manchester knee arthroplasties performed on twenty-eight patients are reviewed. There were sixteen patients with rheumatoid arthritis all of whom were satisfactory at the time of follow-up. Of the fifteen patients with osteoarthritis over half the arthroplasties failed after between twelve and thirty-six months. We suggest that resurfacing arthroplasty of the knee using the Manchester prosthesis should be used only for rheumatoid patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 59-B, Issue 4 | Pages 393 - 397
1 Nov 1977
Williams E Taylor A Arden G Edwards D

In fifty-six patients with ankylosing spondylitis three types of arthroplasty had been performed in ninety-nine hips. Forty-one of the patients were men and fifteen were women, their average age at operation being forty-two years. Primary pseudarthrosis produced well-satisfied patients, but only a fair result in five hips, whereas cup arthroplasty resulted in a poor outcome for eight hips, all of which needed revision. Total replacement of eighty-six hips, however, led to 73 per cent being graded as good or excellent up to ten years later. The main complications were deep infection of five hips, para-articular ossification around nine hips (six leading to bony ankylosis), and fibrous ankylosis of six hips.