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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 4, Issue 12 | Pages 948 - 956
15 Dec 2023
Vella-Baldacchino M Webb J Selvarajah B Chatha S Davies A Cobb JP Liddle AD


With up to 40% of patients having patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJ OA), the two arthroplasty options are to replace solely the patellofemoral joint via patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA), or the entire knee via total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to assess postoperative success of second-generation PFAs compared to TKAs for patients treated for PFJ OA using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and domains deemed important by patients following a patient and public involvement meeting.


MEDLINE, EMBASE via OVID, CINAHL, and EBSCO were searched from inception to January 2022. Any study addressing surgical treatment of primary patellofemoral joint OA using second generation PFA and TKA in patients aged above 18 years with follow-up data of 30 days were included. Studies relating to OA secondary to trauma were excluded. ROB-2 and ROBINS-I bias tools were used.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 7 | Pages 895 - 900
1 Jul 2012
Gill IPS Webb J Sloan K Beaver RJ

We present a series of 35 patients (19 men and 16 women) with a mean age of 64 years (36.7 to 75.9), who underwent total hip replacement using the ESKA dual-modular short stem with metal on-polyethylene bearing surfaces. This implant has a modular neck section in addition to the modular head. Of these patients, three presented with increasing post-operative pain due to pseudotumour formation that resulted from corrosion at the modular neck-stem junction. These patients underwent further surgery and aseptic lymphocytic vaculitis associated lesions were demonstrated on histological analysis.

Retrieval analysis of two modular necks showed corrosion at the neck-stem taper. Blood cobalt and chromium levels were measured at a mean of nine months (3 to 28) following surgery. These were compared with the levels in seven control patients (three men and four women) with a mean age of 53.4 years (32.1 to 64.1), who had an identical prosthesis and articulation but with a prosthesis that had no modularity at neck-stem junction. The mean blood levels of cobalt in the study group were raised at 50.75 nmol/l (5 to 145) compared with 5.6 nmol/l (2 to 13) in control patients.

Corrosion at neck-stem tapers has been identified as an important source of metal ion release and pseudotumour formation requiring revision surgery. Finite element modelling of the dual modular stem demonstrated high stresses at the modular stem-neck junction. Dual modular cobalt-chrome hip prostheses should be used with caution due to these concerns.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1143 - 1151
1 Sep 2008
Langton DJ Jameson SS Joyce TJ Webb J Nargol AVF

Increased concentrations of metal ions after metal-on-metal resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip remain a concern. Although there has been no proven link to long-term health problems or early prosthetic failure, variables associated with high metal ion concentrations should be identified and, if possible, corrected. Our study provides data on metal ion levels from a series of 76 consecutive patients (76 hips) after resurfacing arthroplasty with the Articular Surface Replacement. Chromium and cobalt ion concentrations in the whole blood of patients with smaller (≤ 51 mm) femoral components were significantly higher than in those with the larger (≥ 53 mm) components (p < 0.01). Ion concentrations in the former group were significantly related to the inclination (p = 0.01) and anteversion (p = 0.01) of the acetabular component. The same relationships were not significant in the patients with larger femoral components (p = 0.61 and p = 0.49, respectively). Accurate positioning of the acetabular component intra-operatively is essential in order to reduce the concentration of metal ions in the blood after hip resurfacing arthroplasty with the Articular Surface Replacement implant.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 4 | Pages 619 - 619
1 May 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 1 | Pages 48 - 52
1 Jan 1997
Grevitt M Khazim R Webb J Mulholland R Shepperd J

The Short Form-36 (SF-36) health questionnaire has been put forward as a general measure of outcome in health care and has been evaluated in several recent studies in the UK. We report its use in three groups of patients after spinal operations and have compared it with the Oswestry and Low Back Pain disability scales.

There was a significant correlation between all variables of the SF-36 and the low-back scores. The mental-health items had the weakest correlation. Our study shows that the SF-36 questionnaire is valid and has internal consistency when applied to these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 6 | Pages 877 - 881
1 Nov 1994
Lieberman I Webb J

We reviewed 41 patients over the age of 65 years (mean 76.5) who had suffered cervical spine injuries, 12 of them with neurological deficit. Eleven patients died during treatment, mostly from respiratory disease. Seven patients were treated by surgical stabilisation, five by halo traction, and the rest by rigid collars or halo-vests. The cervical injury was missed at the first examination in four patients. We conclude that most injuries can be treated by a rigid collar, and that the use of a halo-vest or surgical stabilisation are effective alternatives. Bed rest and traction are poorly tolerated by old people. There should be a high index of suspicion that any elderly patient who presents with a history of a fall or minor trauma may have a cervical spine injury.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 5 | Pages 789 - 793
1 Sep 1993
Radford P Needoff M Webb J

We made a randomised prospective comparison of the Dynamic Hip Screw and the Gamma locking nail for the internal fixation of 200 petrochanteric femoral fractures in elderly patients. There was less intraoperative blood loss and a lower rate of wound complications in the patients treated by the Gamma nail. They had, however, a high incidence of femoral shaft fracture which we relate in part to implant design. We do not recommend the use of the Gamma nail for these fractures.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 4 | Pages 644 - 648
1 Aug 1988
Clifford R Beauchamp C Kellam J Webb J Tile M

The results of immediate plate fixation of 97 open fractures of the tibial shaft in 95 patients are reported. Significant joint stiffness occurred in 11.4% and angular malunion of greater than 5 degrees in any plane was seen in 3.1%. The infection rate was 10.3%. However, even in those cases which develop delayed union or other complications, plate fixation of open fractures can produce excellent recovery of limb function.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 3 | Pages 451 - 455
1 May 1988
Turner P Prince H Webb J Sokal M

We have reviewed 41 patients with malignant extradural tumours of the spine treated by anterior decompression for cord compression, or uncontrolled back pain or both. An anterior operation alone was performed in 37 cases, four had combined or staged anterior and posterior decompression. An anterior operation on its own achieved major neurological recovery in 18 of the 33 cases with neurological loss (56%); only four remained unchanged. Eleven had minor improvement but not enough to allow them to walk or to regain bladder function. No patient with complete paraplegia gained a useful neurological recovery. Back pain was improved in 30 of the 41 patients (73%), sound internal fixation being important in this respect. There were four early deaths and another 23 died from disseminated disease after a mean survival of 4.1 months. Fourteen patients are still alive with a mean survival of 14 months.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 790 - 793
1 Nov 1987
Floyd A Phillips P Khan M Webb J McInnes A Hughes S

The role of muscle function in the aetiology of recurrent dislocation of the patella has been examined. Eleven of the 12 patients we studied had joint hypermobility. Muscle biopsies from eight of nine patients treated by surgery had a predominance of abnormal Type 2C fibres, and three of six patients whose quadriceps muscles were studied by electromyography also had abnormal results. Our preliminary findings suggest that there may be a primary muscular defect in many cases of recurrent dislocation of the patella.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 784 - 786
1 Nov 1987
Gibson M Karpinski M Slack R Cowlishaw W Webb J

The role of antibiotics in the treatment of disc-space infection is controversial. This study assessed the tissue penetration of flucloxacillin and cephradine into the normal intervertebral disc after intravenous administration of a bolus dose of antibiotic. Twenty-five discs were removed from 12 adolescent patients having anterior spinal surgery to correct scoliosis; antibiotic had been administered between 30 minutes and four hours before operation. Despite high blood levels, no antibiotic could be detected by bioassay or by high-pressure liquid chromatography (h.p.l.c.) in any of the specimens from the nucleus pulposus or the annulus fibrosus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 4 | Pages 542 - 544
1 Aug 1987
Turner P Webb J

We describe a surgical approach to the upper thoracic spine which allows an adequate exposure of the vertebral bodies from T1 to T3. The approach causes little functional disturbance and is especially useful in older patients with spinal tumours causing spinal cord compression.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 1 | Pages 13 - 16
1 Jan 1987
Christodoulou A Prince H Webb J Burwell R

Fifty patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated by posterior fusion and Harrington instrumentation augmented by a Cotrel bar or by sublaminal Luque wires were studied in a prospective trial to ascertain the need for postoperative bracing. Twenty-five patients wore a plaster brace postoperatively for six months, while 25 were managed without a brace. The mean loss of correction from the first standing postoperative radiograph to one obtained two years later was 7 degrees in the braced group, and 6.3 degrees in the unbraced group, the difference not being statistically significant. We conclude that postoperative bracing is unnecessary after augmented Harrington instrumentation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 4 | Pages 594 - 601
1 Aug 1985
Nicolopoulos K Burwell R Webb J

Stature and its components were examined in 143 girls aged 11 to 15 years with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Correction was made for loss of height due to the lateral spinal curvature, and the findings were compared with those from 202 healthy girls of similar age. Using three components of stature (suprapelvic, pelvic and subischial heights) we were able to show that the relatively greater stature of girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was due to changes in the pelvis and lower limbs but not significantly in the spine. Suprapelvic height was reduced relative to subischial height; this probably represents the growth pattern of predominantly ectomorphic individuals, reflecting the physique of many of these girls. Pelvic height was disproportionately increased, and this is considered to be a true rather than an apparent difference. Cephalocaudal disproportion involving two segments suggests a common mechanism of causation which is unlikely to be secondary to the scoliosis. These physical features may in some way be associated with a predisposition to progression of the scoliosis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 4 | Pages 452 - 463
1 Aug 1983
Burwell R James N Johnson F Webb J Wilson Y

This paper reports a new method for expressing numerically asymmetry of the contour of the back in a forward-bending position. Information is given at three spinal levels (T8, T12 and L3) for 636 schoolchildren aged 8 to 15 years. Rib-hump and lumbar-hump scores were standardised to create trunk asymmetry scores (TASs) making comparison possible between children of different age, size and sex. Two groups of children were defined: those with clinically straight spines (585 children); and those with clinical evidence of lateral spinal curves (51 children). In the children with clinically straight spines the main findings were: about 1:4 had objectively detectable rib and lumbar humps; female-to-male ratios were 1.2:1 for the thoracic region and 1.4:1 for the lumbar region; right humps were about 10 times more common than left; TASs in the boys and girls at each spinal level had normal distributions about means to the right of zero (where zero represents perfect symmetry); at T8 and T12, a wider scatter of TASs in girls than in boys; at L3, larger TASs in girls than in boys; a relation between shortening of one lower limb and a contralateral hump on the back; and no relation to age (except at L3), stature (corrected for age) or handedness. The findings are discussed in relation to possible causes of back contour asymmetry, early diagnosis of scoliosis by screening, sexual dimorphism and significance for the pathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis. Ten children with clinically straight spines and larger TASs, and 42 out of 51 children with clinical evidence of lateral spinal curves in the forward-bending position attended for radiographic examination. Twelve children had "scoliosis curves" of 11 degrees or more as defined by the Scoliosis Research Society. The results are reported in relation to TASs, spinal curve angle (Cobb) and vertebral rotation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 153 - 156
1 Mar 1983
Merriam W Burwell R Mulholland R Pearson J Webb J

Modern anthropometric techniques were used to investigate two groups of subjects, one with various syndromes associated with pain in the lower back and the other a control group. Analysis confirmed previous reports that people prone to pain in the back have a greater standing height than people who are not. To investigate this further two new components of height, namely pelvic height and suprapelvic height, were calculated in addition to the established calculation of subischial height. Consecutive components, namely suprapelvic height, pelvic height and subischial height, together constituted the standing height of a subject. The main finding of this investigation was that the relatively large standing height of the subject prone to back pain was due only to the pelvic component.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 58-B, Issue 3 | Pages 322 - 327
1 Aug 1976
Webb J Broughton R McSweeney T Park W

This paper describes seven patients who developed late vertebral deformity after flexion injuries of the cervical spine. In four the clinical and radiological features were subtle and because the patients walked into an emergency department the severity of the injury was not initially appreciated. Certain specific clinical and radiological features of flexion injury are described and emphasis is placed on the importance of correct management. A radiological tetrad is described which should alert the surgeon to the possibility of damage to the posterior interspinous complex of the cervical spine and so lead to further radiological investigations. Despite the frequency of flexion injuries the alarming complications described in this paper are rare.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 56-B, Issue 3 | Pages 458 - 461
1 Aug 1974
Sharrard WJW Webb J

1 . The indications, technique and results of supra-malleolar wedge osteotomy of the tibia in the management of valgus or varus deformity of the ankle in children with myelomeningocele are described.

2. This operation should not be performed until as much correction as possible has been obtained by soft-tissue release and muscle balance has been restored by tendon transfer.

3. In sixteen feet satisfactory correction was obtained and maintained in fourteen, one of which had required revision for over-correction.

4. A closing-wedge osteotomy is recommended ; the two failures occurred after opening-wedge osteotomies.

5. In the fourteen feet with satisfactory correction the complications were negligible, deformity has not recurred and epiphysial growth has been well sustained.