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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 1 | Pages 78 - 82
1 Jan 2003
Tumia N Wardlaw D Hallett J Deutman R Mattsson SA Sandén B

We carried out a randomised, prospective, multicentre clinical trial of the treatment of Colles’ fractures. A total of 339 patients was placed into two groups, those with minimally displaced fractures not requiring manipulation (151 patients) and those with displaced fractures which needed manipulation (188 patients). Treatment was by either a conventional Colles’ plaster cast (a control group) or with a prefabricated functional brace (the Aberdeen Colles’ fracture brace).

Similar results were obtained in both groups with regard to the reduction and to pain scores but the brace provided better grip strength in the early stages of treatment. This was statistically significant after five weeks for both manipulated and non-manipulated fractures. At the tenth day the results were statistically significant only in manipulated fractures. There was no significant difference in the functional outcome between the two treatment groups. However, younger patients and those with less initial displacement had better functional results.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 1 | Pages 88 - 91
1 Jan 1991
Wytch R Ashcroft G Ledingham W Wardlaw D Ritchie I

We have assessed the current range of synthetic splinting bandages, using physical and mechanical tests and the subjective opinions of patients, volunteers and orthopaedic staff. Modern bandages have some better properties than standard plaster bandage but do not conform as well, are more expensive, and potentially more hazardous.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 63-B, Issue 4 | Pages 575 - 578
1 Nov 1981
Scotland T Wardlaw D

A series of 29 patients with fractures of the tibial plateau were treated by means of a cast-brace. There were seven wedge fractures of the lateral tibial condyle, two dicondylar fractures and 20 compression fractures involving the lateral tibial plateau. The seven patients with wedge fractures were treated by skin or skeletal traction, followed as soon as possible by flexion exercises for the knee. Cast-braces were applied to all fractures as soon as possible after injury, and the patients allowed to bear weight freely. Early restoration of function of the injured limb was thereby achieved. The results of our study over a period of two and a half years indicate that cast-bracing is a very satisfactory method of treating fractures of the tibial plateau. All the fractures united, the movements and control of the knee were excellent, and valgus or varus deformity was unchanged before application and after removal of the brace.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 63-B, Issue 1 | Pages 7 - 11
1 Feb 1981
Wardlaw D McLauchlan J Pratt D Bowker P

The off-loading characteristics of the cast-braces of 30 patients with fractures of the shaft of the femur have been investigated, during axial loading, using strain-gauge transducers. These were applied at the level of the fracture, where the cast was circumferentially split, and to the hinges of the brace at the knee. They measured the load transferred between the two portions of the thigh cast, and between the thigh cast as a whole and the below-knee cast; by subtraction from the total load on the limb, the skeletal force at the fracture level and at the knee could be calculated. In all patients there was an increase in the fracture load as union progressed which was thought to be due to physiological feedback mechanism from the fracture site. The load carried by the two portions of the thigh cast and by the thigh cast as a whole was proportionately high at first and stabilised at an average of 35 per cent of body weight.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 59-B, Issue 4 | Pages 411 - 416
1 Nov 1977
Wardlaw D

Ninety-eight fractures of the shaft of the femur were seen in one unit over the two years 1974 and 1975, and the results have been assessed in sixty-nine. Of these, thirty-eight were treated by skeletal traction in a Thomas's splint followed by skin traction, and thirty-one by skeletal traction followed by a cast-brace. The technique of application is described in some detail. The average time for application of the cast-brace was six weeks after the injury, the time in hospital eight weeks and the time till removal fifteen weeks. The patients selected for a cast-brace were in hospital for just over half the time of the others and their fractures on average united more quickly, though with some trouble from angulation of fractures of the uppermost third of the shaft. It is concluded that when used with all the judgment and skill it demands, the cast-brace method is a great advance in conservative treatment.