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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 6 | Pages 784 - 788
1 Jun 2009
Kaya M Wada T Nagoya S Sasaki M Matsumura T Yamashita T

We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the prognostic significance of the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in predicting the survival of patients with osteosarcoma. The levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 15 patients with osteosarcoma before commencing treatment. The patients were divided into two groups, with a high or a low serum VEGF level, and the incidence of metastases and overall survival rate were compared.

No significant relationship was observed between the serum VEGF levels and gender, age, the size of the tumour or the response to pre-operative chemotherapy. Patients with a serum VEGF > 1000 pg/ml had significantly worse survival than those with a level < 1000 pg/ml (p = 0.002). The serum VEGF level may be useful in predicting the prognosis for survival in patients with osteosarcoma.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 7 | Pages 924 - 928
1 Jul 2008
Tsuchiya H Shirai T Morsy AF Sakayama K Wada T Kusuzaki K Sugita T Tomita K

We studied the safety of external fixation during post-operative chemotherapy in 28 patients who had undergone distraction osteogenesis (17, group A) or vascularised fibular grafting (11, group B) after resection of a tumour. Four cycles of multi-agent post-operative chemotherapy were administered over a mean period of 14 weeks (6 to 27). The mean duration of external fixation for all patients was 350 days (91 to 828). In total 204 wires and 240 half pins were used.

During the period of post-operative chemotherapy, 14 patients (11 in group A, 3 in group B) developed wire- and pin-track infection. A total of ten wires (4.9%) and 11 half pins (4.6%) became infected. Seven of the ten infected wires were in periarticular locations.

External fixation during post-operative chemotherapy was used safely and successfully for fixation of a vascularised fibular graft and distraction osteogenesis in 27 of 28 patients. Post-operative chemotherapy for malignant bone tumours did not adversely affect the ability to achieve union or cause hypertrophy of the vascularised fibular graft and had a minimal effect on distraction osteogenesis. Only one patient developed osteomyelitis which required further surgery.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 659 - 663
1 May 2007
Wada T Kawai A Ihara K Sasaki M Sonoda T Imaeda T Yamashita T

We evaluated the construct validity of the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society rating scale (Enneking score) as a functional measure for patients with sarcoma involving the upper limb. We compared the Enneking score by examining the correlation between two patient-derived outcome measures, the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) as indicators of functional status in 40 patients with malignant or aggressive benign bone and soft-tissue tumours of the upper limb who had undergone surgical treatment.

The frequency distributions were similar among the three scoring systems. As for the validity, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient of the Enneking score to the DASH questionnaire was −0.79 and that of the Enneking to the SF-36 subscales ranged from 0.38 to 0.60. Despite being a measure from the surgeon’s perspective, the Enneking score was shown to be a valid indicator of physical disability in patients with malignant or aggressive benign tumours of the upper limb and reflected their opinion.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 1 | Pages 143 - 147
1 Jan 2004
Kaya M Wada T Nagoya S Kawaguchi S Isu K Yamashita T

Concomitant tumour resistance (CTR) is a unique phenomenon in which animals harbouring large primary tumours are resistant to the growth of smaller metastatic tumours by systemic angiogenic suppression. To examine this clinically, in ten patients with osteosarcoma, we investigated the effects of removal of the primary tumour on the development of pulmonary metastases, the systemic angiogenesis-inducing ability and the serum levels of several angiogenesis modulators.

We found that removal of the primary tumour significantly elevated systemic angiogenesis-inducing ability in five patients who had post-operative recurrence of the tumour. Post-operative elevation of the angiogenesis-induced ability was suppressed by the addition of an angiogenic inhibitor, endostatin. Also, primary removal of the tumour decreased the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and endostatin.

These findings suggest, for the first time, the presence of CTR in patients with osteosarcoma for whom postoperative antiangiogenic therapy may be used to prevent the post-operative progression of micrometastases.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1121 - 1124
1 Nov 2000
Nagoya S Usui M Wada T Yamashita T Ishii S

We treated four patients with periacetabular malignant tumours by pelvic reconstruction with a free vascularised fibular graft after resection of the tumour. The mean follow-up period was 32 months (9 to 39). The diagnosis was chondrosarcoma in three patients and osteosarcoma in one. In two patients total resection of the hemipelvis was required and in the other two less, but still massive, resection was undertaken. All were treated with an immediate free vascularised fibular graft which included arthrodesis of the hip and reconstruction of the pelvic ring.

One patient died. The other three have remained free from recurrence. Solid union of the graft was achieved between four and 14 months after surgery. Shortening of the involved limbs was less than 2 cm. The patients had no pain and were independent walkers without external support. Emotional acceptance was satisfactory.

Our results suggest that reconstruction with the use of a free vascularised graft is an alternative to other types of reconstructive procedure after resection of periacetabular tumours.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 4 | Pages 489 - 493
1 May 2000
Wada T Usui M Nagoya S Isu K Yamawaki S Ishii S

We present the results in 12 patients of arthrodesis of the knee using a vascularised fibular graft after resection of a malignant bone tumour. At a mean follow-up of 95 months (60 to 178) all patients were free from disease although 11 had had at least one complication, with stress fracture of the graft in five patients, nonunion in two and deep infection requiring above-knee amputation in one.

Despite the high rate of complications, satisfactory results can be obtained using this technique. Careful preoperative counselling is required.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 1 | Pages 68 - 73
1 Jan 2000
Wada T Ishii S Usui M Miyano S

We treated post-traumatic contracture of the elbow in 13 consecutive patients (14 elbows) by operative release. Through a single medial approach, the posterior oblique bundle of the medial collateral ligament was resected, followed by posterior and anterior capsulectomies. An additional lateral release through a separate incision was required in only four elbows. The results were assessed at a mean interval of 57 months after operation.

Before surgery active extension lacked 43° which improved to 17° after operation. Active flexion before operation was 89°, which improved to 127°. The mean arc of movement increased from 46° to 110°. All 14 elbows showed scarring of the posterior oblique bundle of the medial collateral ligament.

Neither the interval from injury to operative release nor the age of the patient affected the results. A medial approach is useful to reveal and excise the pathological changes in the medial collateral ligament. It is a safe and effective route through which to correct post-traumatic contracture of the elbow.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 5 | Pages 808 - 813
1 Sep 1999
Wada T Usui M Isu K Yamawaki S Ishii S

We assessed the intermediate functional results of eight patients after wide resection of the proximal humerus for malignant bone tumour. We used a free vascularised fibular graft as a functional spacer and a sling procedure to preserve passive scapulohumeral movement. Scapulohumeral arthrodesis was not carried out. Five patients had osteosarcoma, two achondrosarcoma and one a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone. The mean duration of follow-up was 70 months (median, 76) for the seven patients who were still alive at the time of the latest follow-up. One patient died from the disease 12 months after surgery. There were no local recurrences.

The functional results were described and graded quantitatively according to the rating system of the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society. Our results were satisfactory with regard to pain, emotional acceptance and manual dexterity. Function and lifting ability were unsatisfactory in two patients. One patient had delayed union between host and graft, but this united after six months without further surgery. Radiographs of the shoulder showed absorption or collapse of the head of the fibula in four of the eight patients and a fracture in another. No functional problems related to absorption or fracture of the head of the fibula were noted. There was no infection or subluxation of the head. We conclude that this is a reasonably effective technique of limb salvage after resection of the proximal humerus.