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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 2 | Pages 188 - 193
1 Feb 2011
Rudol G Wilcox R Jin Z Tsiridis E

The mechanical performance of the cement-in-cement interface in revision surgery has not been fully investigated. The quantitative effect posed by interstitial fluids and roughening of the primary mantle remains unclear. We have analysed the strength of the bilaminar cement-bone interface after exposure of the surface of the primary mantle to roughening and fluid interference. The end surfaces of cylindrical blocks of cement were machined smooth (Ra = 200 nm) or rough (Ra = 5 μm) and exposed to either different volumes of water and carboxymethylcellulose (a bone-marrow equivalent) or left dry. Secondary blocks were cast against the modelled surface. Monoblocks of cement were used as a control group. The porosity of the samples was investigated using micro-CT. Samples were exposed to a single shearing force to failure.

The mean failure load of the monoblock control was 5.63 kN (95% confidence interval (CI) 5.17 to 6.08) with an estimated shear strength of 36 MPa. When small volumes of any fluid or large volumes were used, the respective values fell between 4.66 kN and 4.84 kN with no significant difference irrespective of roughening (p > 0.05). Large volumes of carboxymethylcellulose significantly weakened the interface. Roughening in this group significantly increased the strength with failure loads of 2.80 kN (95% CI 2.37 to 3.21) compared with 0.86 kN (95% CI 0.43 to 1.27) in the smooth variant. Roughening of the primary mantle may not therefore be as crucial as has been previously thought in clinically relevant circumstances.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 1 | Pages 34 - 38
1 Jan 2011
Charity JAF Tsiridis E Sheeraz A Howell JR Hubble MJW Timperley AJ Gie GA

We evaluated all cases involving the combined use of a subtrochanteric derotational femoral shortening osteotomy with a cemented Exeter stem performed at our institution. With severe developmental dysplasia of the hip an osteotomy is often necessary to achieve shortening and derotation of the proximal femur. Reduction can be maintained with a 3.5 mm compression plate while the implant is cemented into place. Such a plate was used to stabilise the osteotomy in all cases. Intramedullary autograft helps to prevent cement interposition at the osteotomy site and promotes healing. There were 15 female patients (18 hips) with a mean age of 51 years (33 to 75) who had a Crowe IV dysplasia of the hip and were followed up for a mean of 114 months (52 to 168). None was lost to follow-up. All clinical scores were collected prospectively. The Charnley modification of the Merle D’Aubigné-Postel scores for pain, function and range of movement showed a statistically significant improvement from a mean of 2.4 (1 to 4), 2.3 (1 to 4), 3.4 (1 to 6) to 5.2 (3 to 6), 4.4 (3 to 6), 5.2 (4 to 6), respectively. Three acetabular revisions were required for aseptic loosening; one required femoral revision for access. One osteotomy failed to unite at 14 months and was revised successfully. No other case required a femoral revision. No postoperative sciatic nerve palsy was observed.

Cemented Exeter femoral components perform well in the treatment of Crowe IV dysplasia with this procedure.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1005 - 1012
1 Aug 2008
Tsiridis E Pavlou G Charity J Tsiridis E Gie G West R

Comparison of the safety and efficacy of bilateral simultaneous total hip replacement (THR) and that of staged bilateral THR and unilateral THR was conducted using DerSimonian-Laird heterogeneity meta-analysis. A review of the English-language literature identified 23 citations eligible for inclusion. A total of 2063 bilateral simultaneous THR patients were identified. Meta-analysis of homogeneous data revealed no statistically significant differences in the rates of thromboembolic events (p = 0.268 and p = 0.365) and dislocation (p = 0.877) when comparing staged or unilateral with bilateral simultaneous THR procedures. A systematic analysis of heterogeneous data demonstrated that the mean length of hospital stay was shorter after bilateral simultaneous THR. Higher blood transfusion requirements were expected following bilateral simultaneous THR than staged or unilateral THR, and surgical time was not different between groups. This procedure was also found to be economically and functionally efficacious when performed by experienced surgeons in specialist centres.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1650 - 1653
1 Dec 2007
Tsiridis E Upadhyay N Gamie Z Giannoudis PV

Sacral insufficiency fractures are traditionally treated with bed rest and analgesia. The importance of early rehabilitation is generally appreciated; but pain frequently delays this, resulting in prolonged hospital stay and the risk of complications related to immobility. We describe three women with sacral insufficiency fractures who were treated with percutaneous sacroiliac screws and followed up for a mean of 18 months (12 to 24). They had immediate pain relief, uncomplicated rehabilitation and uneventful healing.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1273 - 1279
1 Oct 2007
Giannoudis PV van Griensven M Tsiridis E Pape HC

Technological advances and shorter rescue times have allowed early and effective resuscitation after trauma and brought attention to the host response to injury. Trauma patients are at risk of progressive organ dysfunction from what appears to be an uncontrolled immune response. The availability of improved techniques of molecular diagnosis has allowed investigation of the role of genetic variations in the inflammatory response to post-traumatic complications and particularly to sepsis.

This review examines the current evidence for the genetic predisposition to adverse outcome after trauma. While there is evidence supporting the involvement of different polymorphic variants of genes in determining the post-traumatic course and the development of complications, larger-scale studies are needed to improve the understanding of how genetic variability influences the responses to post-traumatic complications and pharmacotherapy.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 112 - 114
1 Jan 2007
Giannoudis PV Tsiridis E

We report the management of an adult patient with septic sacroiliitis. This is an uncommon condition. Debridement, decompression and spontaneous fusion are the treatment of choice when symptoms do not resolve with routine initial intravenous antibiotic therapy. A percutaneous technique is described, using the principles of sacroiliac screw insertion commonly used for pelvic reconstruction surgery. After successful evacuation of the infected joint, fusion was observed in our patient.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1124 - 1132
1 Nov 2004
Tsiridis E Narvani AA Haddad FS Timperley JA Gie GA

We reviewed retrospectively the outcome of the treatment by impaction grafting of periprosthetic femoral fractures around loose stems in 106 patients with Vancouver type-B2 and type-B3 fractures. Eighty-nine patients had a cemented revision with impaction grafting and a long or short stem. The remaining 17 had cemented revision without impaction grafting.

Fractures treated by impaction grafting and a long stem were more than five times likely to unite than those treated by impaction grafting and a short stem (odds ratio = 5.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.54 to 19.6; p = 0.009). Furthermore, those with impaction grafting and a long stem were significantly more likely to unite than those with a long stem without impaction grafting (odds ratio = 4.07, 95% CI 1.10 to 15.0; p = 0.035).

There was also a trend towards a higher rate of union in those treated by impaction grafting than in those without (odds ratio = 2.69, 95% CI 0.86 to 8.45; p = 0.090).

Impaction grafting is being increasingly widely used for the restoration of femoral bone stock. It can be successfully applied to periprosthetic femoral fractures but a long stem should be used to bypass the distal fracture line.