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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 6 | Pages 759 - 764
1 Jun 2014
Tibrewal S Malagelada F Jeyaseelan L Posch F Scott G

Peri-prosthetic infection is amongst the most common causes of failure following total knee replacement (TKR). In the presence of established infection, thorough joint debridement and removal of all components is necessary following which new components may be implanted. This can be performed in one or two stages; two-stage revision with placement of an interim antibiotic-loaded spacer is regarded by many to be the standard procedure for eradication of peri-prosthetic joint infection.

We present our experience of a consecutive series of 50 single-stage revision TKRs for established deep infection performed between 1979 and 2010. There were 33 women and 17 men with a mean age at revision of 66.8 years (42 to 84) and a mean follow-up of 10.5 years (2 to 24). The mean time between the primary TKR and the revision procedure was 2.05 years (1 to 8).

Only one patient required a further revision for recurrent infection, representing a success rate of 98%. Nine patients required further revision for aseptic loosening, according to microbiological testing of biopsies taken at the subsequent surgery. Three other patients developed a further septic episode but none required another revision.

These results suggest that a single-stage revision can produce comparable results to a two-stage revision. Single-stage revision offers a reduction in costs as well as less morbidity and inconvenience for patients.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:759–64.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 4 | Pages 659 - 660
1 Jul 1995
Tibrewal S Iossifidis A

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 4 | Pages 528 - 533
1 Jul 1992
Tibrewal S Benson M Howard C Fuller D

We treated 63 club feet in 44 patients by a defined programme of strapping from birth followed by one of two operations performed at six weeks, either a simple calcaneal tendon lengthening or a subtalar realignment, and reviewed them prospectively. The decision as to which operation to perform was taken at four weeks after radiographic measurement of the talocalcaneal angle. All but eight patients (ten feet) were followed for a mean of 8.7 years. The overall results after calcaneal tendon lengthening were satisfactory. The re-operation rate after subtalar realignment was high (39%) due to over or undercorrection of the deformity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 2 | Pages 340 - 340
1 Mar 1991
Tibrewal S Foss M

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 1 | Pages 17 - 20
1 Jan 1989
Roper B Tibrewal S

Ten patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease have been reviewed at an average of 14 years after soft tissue procedures to correct foot deformities. No patient has so far required triple arthrodesis and the overall results as regards function, appearance and symptoms are satisfactory in all patients. It is concluded that soft tissue procedures can certainly postpone the need for triple arthrodesis and in many cases may obviate it altogether.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 4 | Pages 523 - 528
1 Aug 1984
Tibrewal S Grant K Goodfellow J

Radiolucent lines at the bone-cement interface beneath the tibial components were assessed in 91 consecutive Oxford meniscal knee replacements in 78 patients. Of 80 knees in which radio-opaque cement was used, a radiolucent line was observed in 77, with a radiodense line in the bone immediately adjoining. Radiolucent lines developed in the majority of patients within one year after operation. In 11 knees fixed with radiolucent cement (which precluded assessment of the radiolucent line) a radiodense line was observed beneath the lucent cement in all cases. Histological examination of the interface obtained from secure tibial components showed the lucent zone to be composed of fibrocartilaginous connective tissue and the radiodense line to be a thick lamella of bone. It is suggested that the living bone under a rigid prosthesis requires a layer of relatively compliant fibrocartilaginous material at its interface to accommodate load-bearing. Attention is drawn to the importance of the radiodense line: its presence may constitute positive evidence that healing at the level of bone section is complete and that equilibrium is established; its absence at a mature interface may indicate disequilibrium and impending failure.