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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 2 | Pages 235 - 240
1 Mar 2001
Dias JJ Bhowal B Wildin CJ Thompson JR

The different attributes of the Patient Evaluation Measure (PEM) questionnaire were investigated in 80 patients with a fracture of the scaphoid. Assessments were made at 2, 8, 12, 26 and 52 weeks. Reliability was assessed by measurement of the internal consistency of the different questions in 275 completed PEM forms.

Cronbach’s alpha, which needs to lie between 0.7 and 0.9, was 0.9 for the PEM. Pain, tenderness, swelling, wrist movement and grip strength correlated with the PEM score confirming the validity of the assessment. Changes in the different variables between visits correlated significantly with changes in the PEM score; its effect size and standardised response mean were comparable to those of grip strength and movement, confirming the responsiveness of this questionnaire. Gender, dominance and the side injured did not influence the scores. Older patients had a poorer outcome as assessed by the score which appeared to be a true effect and not age bias. Our study confirmed that the PEM is a reliable, valid and responsive instrument in assessing outcomes of disorders of the hand.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 971 - 975
1 Nov 1998
McCaskie AW Deehan DJ Green TP Lock KR Thompson JR Harper WM Gregg PJ

Early implants for total knee replacement were fixed to bone with cement. No firm scientific reason has been given for the introduction of cementless knee replacement and the long-term survivorship of such implants has not shown any advantage over cemented forms. In a randomised, prospective study we have compared cemented and uncemented total knee replacement and report the results of 139 prostheses at five years. Outcome was assessed both clinically by independent examination using the Nottingham knee score and radiologically using the Knee Society scoring system.

Independent statistical analysis of the data showed no significant difference between cemented and cementless fixation for pain, mobility or movement. There was no difference in the radiological alignment at five years, but there was a notable disparity in the radiolucent line score. With cemented fixation there was a significantly greater number of radiolucent lines on anteroposterior radiographs of the tibia and lateral radiographs of the femur.

At five years, our clinical results would not support the use of the more expensive cementless fixation whereas the radiological results are of unknown significance. Longer follow-up will determine any changes in the results and conclusions.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 6 | Pages 896 - 899
1 Nov 1997
Fender D Harper WM Thompson JR Gregg PJ

We calculated the rates for perioperative mortality and fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) after primary total hip replacement in a single UK health region, using a regional arthroplasty register and the tracing service of the Office of National Statistics. During 1990, there were 2111 consecutive primary replacements in 2090 separate procedures. Within 42 days of operation a total of 19 patients had died (0.91%, 95% CI 0.55 to 1.42). Postmortem examination showed that four deaths (0.19%, 95% CI 0.05 to 0.49) were definitely due to PE.

The overall perioperative mortality and fatal PE rates are low and in our study did not appear to be altered by the use of chemical thromboprophylaxis (perioperative mortality rate: one-tailed Fisher’s exact test, p = 0.39; fatal PE rate: one-tailed Fisher’s exact test, p = 0.56).

The routine use of chemical thromboprophylaxis for primary THR is still controversial. The issue should be addressed by an appropriate randomised, prospective study using overall mortality and fatal PE rate as the main outcome measures, but the feasibility of such a study is questioned.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 2 | Pages 191 - 194
1 Mar 1996
McCaskie AW Brown AR Thompson JR Gregg PJ

Three radiological methods are commonly used to assess the outcome of total hip replacement (THR). They aim to record the appearance of lucent areas and migration of the prosthesis in a reproducible manner. Two of them were designed to monitor the implant through time and one to grade the quality of cementing. We have measured the level of inter- and intraobserver agreement in all three systems.

We randomised 30 patients to receive either finger packing or retrograde gun cementing during Charnley hip replacements. The postoperative departmental radiographs were evaluated in a blinded study by two orthopaedic trainees, two consultants and two experts in THR. The trainees and consultants repeated the exercise at least two weeks later. We used the unweighted kappa statistic to establish the levels of agreement.

In general, intraobserver agreement was moderate but interobserver agreement was poor, with levels similar to or less than those expected by chance. Our results indicate that such systems cannot provide reliable data from centres in different parts of the world, with various levels of surgeon evaluating radiographs at differing time intervals. We discuss the problem and suggest some methods of improvement.