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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1535 - 1541
1 Nov 2020
Yassin M Myatt R Thomas W Gupta V Hoque T Mahadevan D


Functional rehabilitation has become an increasingly popular treatment for Achilles tendon rupture (ATR), providing comparably low re-rupture rates to surgery, while avoiding risks of surgical complications. Limited evidence exists on whether gap size should affect patient selection for this treatment option. The aim of this study was to assess if size of gap between ruptured tendon ends affects patient-reported outcome following ATR treated with functional rehabilitation.


Analysis of prospectively collected data on all 131 patients diagnosed with ATR at Royal Berkshire Hospital, UK, from August 2016 to January 2019 and managed non-operatively was performed. Diagnosis was confirmed on all patients by dynamic ultrasound scanning and gap size measured with ankle in full plantarflexion. Functional rehabilitation using an established protocol was the preferred treatment. All non-operatively treated patients with completed Achilles Tendon Rupture Scores (ATRS) at a minimum of 12 months following injury were included.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1067 - 1072
1 Aug 2017
Booker SJ Boyd M Gallacher S Evans JP Auckland C Kitson J Thomas W Smith CD


Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of Propionibacterium (P.) acnes in the subcutaneous fat and capsule of patients undergoing shoulder surgery for frozen shoulder or instability.

Patients and Methods

A total of 46 patients undergoing either an arthroscopic capsular release or stabilisation had biopsies taken from the subcutaneous fat and capsule of the shoulder at the time of surgery. These samples were sent for culture in enrichment, and also for Nucleic Acid Amplification testing. The prevalence of P. acnes and other microbes was recorded. Fisher's exact test of binary variables was used to calculate the association with significance set at p < 0.05. Assessment of influence of independent variables including a pre-operative glenohumeral injection, fat colonisation and gender, was undertaken using binary linear regression.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 6 | Pages 967 - 970
1 Nov 1995
Thomas Rde W Batten J Want S McCarthy I Brown M Hughes S

We have studied the ability of a range of antibiotics to penetrate intervertebral disc tissue in vitro, using a mouse disc model. Equilibrium concentrations of antibiotics incorporated into the entire disc were determined by bioassay using a microbial growth-inhibition method. Uptake was significantly higher with positively-charged aminoglycosides compared with negatively-charged penicillins and cephalosporins. Uncharged ciprofloxacin showed an intermediate degree of uptake. Our results support the hypothesis that electrostatic interaction between charged antibiotics and negatively-charged glycosaminoglycans in the disc is an important factor in antibiotic penetration, and may explain their differential uptake.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 3 | Pages 503 - 503
1 May 1994
Wilkes R Thomas W

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 155 - 155
1 Jan 1994
Wilkes R Mackinnon J Thomas W

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 2 | Pages 328 - 329
1 Mar 1989
Thomas W Wilkinson J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 3 | Pages 491 - 491
1 May 1988
Thomas W Kershaw C

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 2 | Pages 255 - 259
1 Mar 1986
Thomas W Villar R

Of 135 consecutive patients admitted with subtrochanteric fractures of the femur, 104 were studied; half had internal fixation with a Zickel nail and half had a nail-plate device. Fractures treated with a Zickel nail had significantly less blood loss during operation and took less time to walk with full weight-bearing, but the incidence of technical error at operation was higher. Errors included malalignment of the cross-pin, penetration of the femoral cortex and comminution of the greater trochanter. There was mechanical failure within one year of surgery in 17% of the nail-plate series but no implant failures in the Zickel nail group within the same period. The total time spent in hospital was similar in both groups. The Zickel nail provides better fixation for subtrochanteric fractures than a simple nail-plate but, because of technical difficulty, its use should be reserved for surgeons of reasonable experience.