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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 6 | Pages 891 - 895
1 Aug 2002
Rai AS Taylor TKF Smith GHH Cumming RG Plunkett-Cole M

There is a close link between the embryological development of the musculoskeletal system and all other main organ systems. We report a prospective series of 202 patients with congenital vertebral abnormalities and document the associated abnormalities in other systems. There were 100 boys and 102 girls. In 153 there were 460 associated abnormalities, a mean of 2.27 abnormalities for each patient. Intravenous pyelography was carried out on 173 patients (85.6%) and ultrasonography on the remaining 29 (14.4%). Patients with genitourinary anomalies were more likely to have musculoskeletal (p = 0.002), gastrointestinal (p = 0.02) and cardiac abnormalities (p = 0.008) than those without genitourinary involvement. A total of 54 (26.7%) had at least one genitourinary abnormality, the most frequent being unilateral renal agenesis. There was urinary obstruction in six (3%). There was no association between genitourinary abnormality and the place of birth, parental age, birth order, level of spinal curvature, or the number, type and side of spinal anomaly. There was, however, a statistically significant association (p = 0.04) between costal and genitourinary abnormalities. The incidence of genitourinary abnormalities (26.7%) was similar to that of previously reported series. The diagnosis of a congenital vertebral abnormality should alert the clinician to a wide spectrum of possible associated anomalies most of which are of clinical importance.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 52-B, Issue 3 | Pages 528 - 531
1 Aug 1970
Gritzka TL Taylor TKF

A case of a ganglion arising from a distal lumbar articular facet joint associated with low back pain and sciatica is reported and the pertinent literature reviewed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 52-B, Issue 2 | Pages 371 - 384
1 May 1970
Souter WA Taylor TKF

1. The uptake of S35 labelled sodium sulphate has been studied autoradiographically in the intervertebral disc of the young rabbit.

2. The sojourn of the isotope in the tissues includes an intracellular phase of approximately twenty-four hours, followed by an extracellular phase.

3. The cells exhibiting by far the greatest affinity for the sulphate ion are the peripheral groups of cells of the nucleus pulposus, while the chondrocyte-like cells of the cartilaginous segment of the annulus fibrosus are also fairly active. The central cells of the nucleus and the fibroblasts of the outer one-third of the annulus have a much lower uptake.

4. By analogy with similar studies on hyaline cartilage, and on the basis of correlation between the alcinophilia of the tissues and the concentration of the label, both before and after hyalase digestion of the tissue, it is considered that in the young rabbit disc, as in articular cartilage, the sulphate is incorporated primarily into chondroitin sulphate.

5. The elimination of the isotope from the nucleus at twenty-four days and the persistence of the label in the annulus fibrosus at thirty-two days tends to suggest that the metabolic turnover of acid mucopolysaccharide is considerably slower in the annulus than in the nucleus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 51-B, Issue 1 | Pages 4 - 19
1 Feb 1969
Birkeland IW Taylor TKF

1. Four cases of vascular injury during lumbar disc removal are reported, and the literature is reviewed. One of the cases is unique in that the inferior mesenteric artery was transected.

2. Clinical syndromes associated with various vascular injuries are discussed.

3. The possibility ofvascular injury should always be kept in mind during lumbar lam inectomy for disc prolapse. Unexplained hypotension is strongly suggestive of a vascular catastrophe. The advent of high output cardiac failure in the patient who has recently undergone lumbar disc removal is almost diagnostic of traumatic arteriovenous fistula.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 46-B, Issue 1 | Pages 83 - 88
1 Feb 1964
Taylor TKF O'Connor BT

1. Fifty-eight adult patients who had been treated for radial head fractures by excision of the head of the radius have been reviewed at periods varying between two and nineteen years after operation.

2. Symptoms referable to the inferior radio-ulnar joint were present in half of the patients and the mechanisms of the disorder in these patients are discussed in the light of a radiographic study.

3. We feel it justifiable to conclude from our observations that this complication of surgical treatment of radial head fractures deserves greater attention than has been given to it in the past, and that it is of sufficient importance to be taken into consideration when planning the management of these fractures, especially the less severe injuries.

4. Prosthetic replacement of the proximal end of the radius is the logical and, indeed, the only way in which the distal radio-ulnar joint subluxation can be avoided, but no clearly defined indications for the routine use of a prosthesis as a primary procedure can be suggested on the basis of this investigation.