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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 5 | Pages 649 - 654
1 May 2006
Gupta A Meswania J Pollock R Cannon SR Briggs TWR Taylor S Blunn G

We report our early experience with the use of a non-invasive distal femoral expandable endoprosthesis in seven skeletally immature patients with osteosarcoma of the distal femur. The patients had a mean age of 12.1 years (9 to 15) at the time of surgery. The prosthesis was lengthened at appropriate intervals in outpatient clinics, without anaesthesia, using the principle of electromagnetic induction. The patients were functionally evaluated using the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society scoring system. The mean follow-up was 20.2 months (14 to 30). The prostheses were lengthened by a mean of 25 mm (4.25 to 55) and maintained a mean knee flexion of 110° (100° to 120°). The mean Musculoskeletal Tumour Society score was 68% (11 to 29). Complications developed in two patients; one developed a flexion deformity of 25° at the knee joint, which was subsequently overcome and one died of disseminated disease. The early results from patients treated with this device have been encouraging. The implant avoids multiple surgical procedures, general anaesthesia and assists in maintaining leg-length equality.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1184 - 1188
1 Nov 2002
Bushell AJ Klenerman L Taylor S Davies H Grierson I Helliwell TR Jackson MJ

Ischaemic preconditioning is a process by which exposure of a tissue to a short period of non-damaging ischaemic stress leads to resistance to the deleterious effects of a subsequent prolonged ischaemic stress. It has been extensively described in the heart, but few studies have examined the possibility that it can occur in skeletal muscle. We have used a rat model of ischaemia of one limb to examine this possibility. Exposure of the hind limb to a period of ischaemia of five minutes and reperfusion for five minutes significantly protected the tibialis anterior muscle against the structural damage induced by a subsequent period of limb ischaemia for four hours and reperfusion for one hour. This protection was evident on examination of the muscle by both light and electron microscopy. Longer or shorter times of prior ischaemia had no effect.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 5 | Pages 706 - 711
1 Jul 2002
Foukas AF Deshmukh NS Grimer RJ Mangham DC Mangos EG Taylor S

We studied 55 patients with stage-IIB osteosarcoma around the knee with respect to the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the surviving tumour cells in surgical resection specimens. They were followed up for a minimum of 2.5 years.

Factors significantly associated with poor overall survival were a high serum level of alkaline phosphatase at diagnosis and tumour cells expressing MMP-9 in the resection specimens. The only factor strongly associated with disease-free survival was the immunohistochemical status of tumour cells for MMP-9 in the resection specimens. The percentage of necrosis after chemotherapy failed marginally to reach statistical significance. On Cox regression analysis only MMP-9 remained significant for overall and disease-free survival.