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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 45 - 49
1 Jan 2007
Ikeuchi M Yamanaka N Okanoue Y Ueta E Tani T

We prospectively assessed the benefits of using either a range-of-movement technique or an anatomical landmark method to determine the rotational alignment of the tibial component during total knee replacement. We analysed the cut proximal tibia intraoperatively, determining anteroposterior axes by the range-of-movement technique and comparing them with the anatomical anteroposterior axis.

We found that the range-of-movement technique tended to leave the tibial component more internally rotated than when anatomical landmarks were used. In addition, it gave widely variable results (mean 7.5°; 2° to 17°), determined to some extent by which posterior reference point was used. Because of the wide variability and the possibilities for error, we consider that it is inappropriate to use the range-of-movement technique as the sole method of determining alignment of the tibial component during total knee replacement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 5 | Pages 635 - 639
1 May 2005
Ikeuchi M Kawakami T Kitaoka K Okanoue Y Tani T

We describe a new technique of reconstruction of the deficient acetabulum in cementless total hip arthroplasty. The outer iliac table just above the deficient acetabulum is osteotomised and slid downwards. We have termed this an iliac sliding graft. Between October 1997 and November 2001, cementless total hip arthroplasty with an iliac sliding graft was performed on 19 patients (19 hips) with acetabular dysplasia. The mean follow-up was 3.4 years (2 to 6).

The mean pre-operative Harris hip score was 45.1 which improved significantly to 85.3 at the time of the final follow-up. No patient had post-operative abductor dysfunction. Incorporation of the graft was seen after two to three months in all patients. Resorption of the graft and radiolucencies were infrequent. This technique is a useful alternative to femoral head autografting when the patient’s own femoral head cannot be used.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 269 - 274
1 Mar 2000
Tani T Ishida K Ushida T Yamamato H

We treated 31 patients aged 65 years or more with cervical spondylotic myelopathy by microsurgical decompression and fusion at a single most appropriate level, in spite of MRI evidence of compression at several levels. Spinal cord potentials evoked at operation localised the level responsible for the principal lesion at C3-4 in 18 patients, C4-5 in 11 and at C5-6 in two. Despite the frequent coexistence of other age-related conditions, impairing ability to walk, the average Nurick grade improved from 3.5 before operation to 2.2 at a mean follow-up of 48 months. There was also good recovery of finger dexterity and sensitivity.

Operation at a single optimal level, as opposed to several, has the advantage of minimising complications, of particular importance in this age group.