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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 3 | Pages 380 - 388
1 Apr 2003
Tidermark J Ponzer S Svensson O Söderqvist A Törnkvist H

The treatment algorithms for displaced fractures of the femoral neck need to be improved if we are to reduce the need for secondary surgery. We have studied 102 patients of mean age 80 years, with an acute displaced fracture of the femoral neck. They were randomly placed into two groups, treated either by internal fixation (IF) with two cannulated screws or total hip replacement (THR). None showed severe cognitive dysfunction, all were able to walk independently, and all lived in their own home. They were reviewed at four, 12 and 24 months after surgery. Outcome measurements included hip complications, revision surgery, hip function according to Charnley and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to EuroQol (EQ-5D).

The failure rate after 24 months was higher in the IF group than in the THR group with regard to hip complications (36% and 4%, respectively; p < 0.001), and the number of revision procedures (42% and 4%, p < 0.001). Hip function was significantly better in the THR group at all follow-up reviews regarding pain (p < 0.005), movement (p < 0.05 except at 4 months) and walking (p < 0.05). The reduction in HRQoL (EQ-5D index score) was also significantly lower in the THR group than in the IF group, comparing the pre-fracture situation with that at all follow-up reviews (p < 0.05).

The results of our study strongly suggest that THR provides a better outcome than IF for elderly, relatively healthy, lucid patients with a displaced fracture of the femoral neck.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 1 | Pages 42 - 47
1 Jan 2002
Brismar BH Wredmark T Movin T Leandersson J Svensson O

We studied 19 videotaped knee arthroscopies in 19 patients with mild to moderate osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee in order to compare the intraobserver and interobserver reliability and the patterns of disagreement between four orthopaedic surgeons. The classifications of OA of Collins, Outerbridge and the French Society of Arthroscopy were used. Intraobserver and interobserver agreements using kappa measures were 0.42 to 0.66 and 0.43 to 0.49, respectively. Only 6% to 8% of paired intraobserver classifications differed by more than one category. Observer-specific disagreement was evident both within and between observers. A small, but significant, occasional variation was also seen. Although reliability may improve by an analysis of disagreement, it appears that the arthroscopic grading of early osteoarthritic lesions is inexact.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 1 | Pages 115 - 118
1 Jan 1996
Svensson O Strömberg L Öhlén G Lindgren U

We report a prospective study of 232 consecutive patients with hip fractures. All were over 64 years of age and living independently before admission to a geriatric orthopaedic ward. We assessed the value, at admission, of predicting factors for independent living at one year after injury.

The most important factors were: (1) preinjury function in activities of daily living (grade A or B on the Katz et al (1963) scale); (2) absence of other medical conditions which would impair rehabilitation; and (3) cognitive function better than 7 on the Pfeiffer (1975) mental questionnaire. The odds ratios (95% CI) for these three predictors were 3.5 (1.3 to 9.1), 2.9 (1.3 to 6.1) and 2.4 (1.9 to 4.9), respectively. When all predictors were positive at admission, 92% were living independently at one year; with one, two or three negative predictors, the percentages living independently were 76, 61 and 27, respectively.

The median values of the total number of days in hospital, irrespective of diagnosis, during the first year were 12, 24, 29 and 149 days for the four groups. The mortality at one year was predictable on admission only by the number of medical conditions: with no other diagnosis than the fracture the mortality was 0%; with one or two additional conditions the mortality was 14%; and with three or more additional diagnoses it was 24%.

These simple and robust predictors can be used to optimise resources for rehabilitation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 1 | Pages 94 - 99
1 Jan 1989
Lundberg A Svensson O Nemeth G Selvik G

The axis of the talo-crural joint was analysed by roentgen stereophotogrammetry in eight healthy volunteers. Examinations were performed at 10 degrees increments of flexion and pronation/supination of the foot as well as medial and lateral rotation of the leg. Results indicate that the talo-crural joint axis changes continuously throughout the range of movement. In dorsiflexion it tended to be oblique downward and laterally. In rotation of the leg, the axis took varying inclinations between horizontal and vertical. All axes in each subject lay close to the midpoint of a line between the tips of the malleoli. Our study indicates that the talo-crural joint axis may alter considerably during the arc of motion and differ significantly between individuals. This prompts caution in the use of hinge axes in orthoses and prostheses for the ankle.