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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1179 - 1183
1 Oct 2019
Parsons N Carey-Smith R Dritsaki M Griffin X Metcalfe D Perry D Stengel D Costa M

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1263 - 1271
1 Oct 2019
Eisenschenk A Spitzmüller R Güthoff C Obladen A Kim S Henning E Dornberger JE Stengel D


The aim of this study was to investigate whether clinical and radiological outcomes after intramedullary nailing of displaced fractures of the fifth metacarpal neck using a single thick Kirschner wire (K-wire) are noninferior to those of technically more demanding fixation with two thinner dual wires.

Patients and Methods

This was a multicentre, parallel group, randomized controlled noninferiority trial conducted at 12 tertiary trauma centres in Germany. A total of 290 patients with acute displaced fractures of the fifth metacarpal neck were randomized to either intramedullary single-wire (n = 146) or dual-wire fixation (n = 144). The primary outcome was the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire six months after surgery, with a third of the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) used as the noninferiority threshold. Secondary outcomes were pain, health-related quality of life (EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D)), radiological measures, functional deficits, and complications.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 7 | Pages 853 - 854
1 Jul 2014
Parsons N Griffin XL Stengel D Carey Smith R Perry DC Costa ML

The Bone & Joint Journal provides the latest evidence to guide the clinical practice of orthopaedic surgeons. The benefits of one intervention compared with another are presented using outcome measures; some may be specific to a limb or joint and some are more general health-related quality of life measures. Readers will be familiar with many of these outcome measures and will be able to judge the relative benefits of different interventions when measured using the same outcome tool; for example, different treatments for pain in the knee measured using a particular knee score. But, how should readers compare outcomes between different clinical areas using different outcome measures? This article explores the use of standardised effect sizes.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:853–4.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1443 - 1444
1 Nov 2013
Griffin XL Parsons N Carey Smith R Stengel D Costa ML

The importance for observing the intention-to-treat approach in clinical studies is explained.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1443–4.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 7 | Pages 866 - 867
1 Jul 2013
Parsons N Carey Smith R Griffin XL Stengel D Costa ML

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 2 | Pages 230 - 238
1 Feb 2013
Giannoudis PV Kanakaris NK Delli Sante E Morell DJ Stengel D Prevezas N

Over a five-year period, adult patients with marginal impaction of acetabular fractures were identified from a registry of patients who underwent acetabular reconstruction in two tertiary referral centres. Fractures were classified according to the system of Judet and Letournel. A topographic classification to describe the extent of articular impaction was used, dividing the joint surface into superior, middle and inferior thirds. Demographic information, hospitalisation and surgery-related complications, functional (EuroQol 5-D) and radiological outcome according to Matta’s criteria were recorded and analysed. In all, 60 patients (57 men, three women) with a mean age of 41 years (18 to 72) were available at a mean follow-up of 48 months (24 to 206). The quality of the reduction was ‘anatomical’ in 44 hips (73.3%) and ‘imperfect’ in 16 (26.7%). The originally achieved anatomical reduction was lost in12 patients (25.8%). Radiologically, 33 hips (55%) were graded as ‘excellent’, 11 (18.3%) as ‘good’, one (1.7%) as ‘fair’ and 15 (25%) as ‘poor’. A total of 11 further operations were required in 11 cases, of which six were total hip replacements.

Univariate linear regression analysis of the functional outcome showed that factors associated with worse pain were increasing age and an inferior location of the impaction. Elevation of the articular impaction leads to joint preservation with satisfactory overall medium-term functional results, but secondary collapse is likely to occur in some patients.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:230–8.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 1 | Pages 2 - 3
1 Jan 2013
Costa ML Stengel D Griffin XL Carey Smith R Parsons N

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1354 - 1359
1 Oct 2009
Giannoudis PV Nikolaou VS Kheir E Mehta S Stengel D Roberts CS

We investigated whether patients who underwent internal fixation for an isolated acetabular fracture were able to return to their previous sporting activities.

We studied 52 consecutive patients with an isolated acetabular fracture who were operated on between January 2001 and December 2002. Their demographic details, fracture type, rehabilitation regime, outcome and complications were documented prospectively as was their level and frequency of participation in sport both before and after surgery. Quality of life was measured using the EuroQol-5D health outcome tool (EQ-5D).

There was a significant reduction in level of activity, frequency of participation in sport (both p < 0.001) and EQ-5D scores in patients of all age groups compared to a normal English population (p = 0.001). A total of 22 (42%) were able to return to their previous level of activities: 35 (67%) were able to take part in sport at some level. Of all the parameters analysed, the Matta radiological follow-up criteria were the single best predictor for resumption of sporting activity and frequency of participation.