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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 6 | Pages 657 - 662
1 Jun 2022
Barlow T Coco V Shivji F Grassi A Asplin L Thompson P Metcalfe A Zaffagnini S Spalding T


Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) for patients with symptomatic meniscal loss has demonstrated good clinical results and survivorship. Factors that affect both functional outcome and survivorship have been reported in the literature. These are typically single-centre case series with relatively small numbers and conflicting results. Our aim was to describe an international, two-centre case series, and identify factors that affect both functional outcome and survival.


We report factors that affect outcome on 526 patients undergoing MAT across two sites (one in the UK and one in Italy). Outcomes of interest were the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score four (KOOS4) at two years and failure rates. We performed multiple regression analysis to examine for factors affecting KOOS, and Cox proportional hazards models for survivorship.

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 10, Issue 2 | Pages 5 - 16
1 Apr 2021
Coco V Shivji F Thompson P Grassi A Zaffagnini S Spalding T

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 1 | Pages 56 - 63
1 Jan 2018
Smith NA Parsons N Wright D Hutchinson C Metcalfe A Thompson P Costa ML Spalding T


Meniscal allograft transplantation is undertaken to improve pain and function in patients with a symptomatic meniscal deficient knee compartment. While case series have shown improvements in patient reported outcome measures (PROMs), its efficacy has not been rigorously evaluated. This study aimed to compare PROMs in patients having meniscal transplantation with those having personalized physiotherapy at 12 months.

Patients and Methods

A single-centre assessor-blinded, comprehensive cohort study, incorporating a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed on patients with a symptomatic compartment of the knee in which a (sub)total meniscectomy had previously been performed. They were randomized to be treated either with a meniscal allograft transplantation or personalized physiotherapy, and stratified for malalignment of the limb. They entered the preference groups if they were not willing to be randomized. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and Lysholm score and complications were collected at baseline and at four, eight and 12 months following the interventions.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 1 | Pages 64 - 65
1 Jan 2018
Smith NA Parsons N Wright D Hutchinson C Metcalfe A Thompson P Costa ML Spalding T

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 4, Issue 6 | Pages 93 - 98
1 Jun 2015
Smith NA Achten J Parsons N Wright D Parkinson B Thompson P Hutchinson CE Spalding T Costa ML


Subtotal or total meniscectomy in the medial or lateral compartment of the knee results in a high risk of future osteoarthritis. Meniscal allograft transplantation has been performed for over thirty years with the scientifically plausible hypothesis that it functions in a similar way to a native meniscus. It is thought that a meniscal allograft transplant has a chondroprotective effect, reducing symptoms and the long-term risk of osteoarthritis. However, this hypothesis has never been tested in a high-quality study on human participants. This study aims to address this shortfall by performing a pilot randomised controlled trial within the context of a comprehensive cohort study design.


Patients will be randomised to receive either meniscal transplant or a non-operative, personalised knee therapy program. MRIs will be performed every four months for one year. The primary endpoint is the mean change in cartilage volume in the weight-bearing area of the knee at one year post intervention. Secondary outcome measures include the mean change in cartilage thickness, T2 maps, patient-reported outcome measures, health economics assessment and complications.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 5 | Pages 590 - 594
1 May 2015
Smith NA Costa ML Spalding T

The anatomy and microstructure of the menisci allow the effective distribution of load across the knee. Meniscectomy alters the biomechanical environment and is a potent risk factor for osteoarthritis. Despite a trend towards meniscus-preserving surgery, many tears are irreparable, and many repairs fail.

Meniscal allograft transplantation has principally been carried out for pain in patients who have had a meniscectomy. Numerous case series have reported a significant improvement in patient-reported outcomes after surgery, but randomised controlled trials have not been undertaken.

It is scientifically plausible that meniscal allograft transplantation is protective of cartilage, but this has not been established clinically to date.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015; 97-B:590–4.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 5 | Pages 754 - 756
1 Sep 1994
Spalding T Kiss J Kyberd P Turner-Smith A Simpson A

We measured the driver reaction times of 40 patients before total knee replacement (TKR) and 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks after operation. The ability to perform an emergency stop was assessed as the time taken to achieve a brake pressure of 100 N after a visual stimulus. There were 18 drivers and 11 non-drivers; the latter had longer reaction times. In drivers, the ability to transfer the right foot from accelerator to brake pedal did not recover to preoperative levels for eight weeks after right TKR and was unchanged after left TKR. Patients should be advised that they should not drive for at least eight weeks after right TKR.