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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1413 - 1419
1 Nov 2017
Solan MC Sakellariou A

The posterior malleolus component of a fracture of the ankle is important, yet often overlooked. Pre-operative CT scans to identify and classify the pattern of the fracture are not used enough. Posterior malleolus fractures are not difficult to fix. After reduction and fixation of the posterior malleolus, the articular surface of the tibia is restored; the fibula is out to length; the syndesmosis is more stable and the patient can rehabilitate faster. There is therefore considerable merit in fixing most posterior malleolus fractures. An early post-operative CT scan to ensure that accurate reduction has been achieved should also be considered.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:1413–19.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 3 | Pages 330 - 333
1 Apr 2003
Molloy S Solan MC Bendall SP

Inversion injuries of the ankle are common and most are managed adequately by functional treatment. A significant number will, however, remain symptomatic.

Synovial impingement is one cause of continuing pain. This condition is often difficult to diagnose because the physical signs and investigations are non-specific. If the diagnosis is made, treatment by arthroscopic debridement has been shown to be highly effective. Our aim was to describe a new physical sign to help in the diagnosis of anterolateral synovial impingement in the ankle.

A cadaver dissection demonstrated the anatomical basis for the physical sign and a prospective clinical study involving 73 patients showed that the lateral synovial impingement test had a sensitivity of 94.8% and a specificity of 88%.

We describe the test and conclude that this physical sign will be of use to practitioners treating patients with chronic pain in the ankle after injury.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 2 | Pages 279 - 280
1 Mar 2003
Solan MC Rees R Molloy S Proctor MT

We describe a patient who sustained a displaced isolated intra-articular fracture of the distal ulna, causing limitation of rotation of the forearm. The extent of displacement of the fracture which was not evident on plain radiographs was revealed by CT. The fracture was reduced and internally fixed using a standard technique applicable to the fixation of fractures of the radial head. Full movement was restored. An isolated injury to the distal ulna is rare and requires careful clinical and radiological assessment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 5 | Pages 706 - 708
1 Jul 2001
Solan MC Calder JDF Bendall SP

Manipulation of the metatarsophalangeal joint and injection with steroid and local anaesthetic are widely practised in the treatment of hallux rigidus, but there is little information on the outcome. We report the results of this procedure carried out on 37 joints, with a minimum follow-up of one year (mean, 41.2 months). Patients with mild (grade-1) changes gained symptomatic relief for a median of six months and only one-third required surgery. Two-thirds of patients with moderate (grade-2) disease proceeded to open surgery. In advanced (grade-III) hallux rigidus, little symptomatic relief was obtained and all patients required operative treatment. We recommend that joints are graded before treatment and that manipulation under anaesthetic and injection be used only in early (grades I and II) hallux rigidus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 2 | Pages 250 - 252
1 Mar 2001
Solan MC Lemon M Bendall SP

Most techniques described for the correction of hallux valgus require exposure of the distal aspect of the first metatarsal. A dorsomedial incision is often recommended. Texts counsel against damaging the dorsal digital nerve, as a painful neuroma is an unwelcome surgical complication.

Our study on cadavers aimed to investigate the anatomy of the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve in the metatarsophalangeal region, with special reference to surgical incisions. A constant, previously unrecognised branch of the nerve was identified. This branch is likely to be damaged if a dorsomedial approach is used. It is recommended that a mid-medial incision be used instead, i.e. at the junction of the plantar and dorsal skin.