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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 2 | Pages 277 - 282
1 Feb 2015
Shetty RP Mathew M Smith J Morse LP Mehta JA Currie BJ

Little information is available about several important aspects of the treatment of melioidosis osteomyelitis and septic arthritis.

We undertook a retrospective review of 50 patients with these conditions in an attempt to determine the effect of location of the disease, type of surgical intervention and duration of antibiotic treatment on outcome, particularly complications and relapse.

We found that there was a 27.5% risk of osteomyelitis of the adjacent bone in patients with septic arthritis in the lower limb. Patients with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis of an adjacent bone were in hospital significantly longer (p = 0.001), needed more operations (p = 0.031) and had a significantly higher rate of complications and re-presentation (p = 0.048).

More than half the patients (61%), most particularly those with multifocal bone and joint involvement, and those with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis of an adjacent bone who were treated operatively, needed more visits to theatre.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:277–82.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 63-B, Issue 1 | Pages 12 - 23
1 Feb 1981
Meggitt B Juett D Smith J

A study was made of the mechanics of blood-bearing in a series of patients treated with a cast-brace for fracture of the distal femur. Knee hinges incorporating strain-gauges, a simple force-plate on the floor and a standardised weight-bearing test were used to record axial loads through the cast-brace itself and through the fracture during the phases of healing. The cast-brace carried loads of only 10 to 20 per cent of body weight and functioned mainly as an antibuckling hinged tube. Patterns of weight-bearing recovery showed that the fracture itself limited loads to safe levels. A measure of the recovery of strength at the fracture was determined and termed the "fracture load index". Graphs obtained in this way demonstrated four biomechanical phases of bony union which correlated well with the stages of clinical healing. The clinical application of these results have led to improvements in the design of braces and the use of a cylinder cast-brace for fractures of the distal half of the femoral shaft and of a new type of brace with a hinge at the hip attached to the thigh cast for fractures of the proximal shaft. A simple clinical test is described by which it is possible to monitor the healing of fractures in cast-braces.