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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 9 | Pages 971 - 976
1 Sep 2023
Bourget-Murray J Piroozfar S Smith C Ellison J Bansal R Sharma R Evaniew N Johnson A Powell JN


This study aims to determine difference in annual rate of early-onset (≤ 90 days) deep surgical site infection (SSI) following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis, and to identify risk factors that may be associated with infection.


This is a retrospective population-based cohort study using prospectively collected patient-level data between 1 January 2013 and 1 March 2020. The diagnosis of deep SSI was defined as per the Centers for Disease Control/National Healthcare Safety Network criteria. The Mann-Kendall Trend test was used to detect monotonic trends in annual rates of early-onset deep SSI over time. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of different patient, surgical, and healthcare setting factors on the risk of developing a deep SSI within 90 days from surgery for patients with complete data. We also report 90-day mortality.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 5 | Pages 559 - 566
1 May 2022
Burden EG Batten T Smith C Evans JP


Arthroplasty is being increasingly used for the management of distal humeral fractures (DHFs) in elderly patients. Arthroplasty options include total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and hemiarthroplasty (HA); both have unique complications and there is not yet a consensus on which implant is superior. This systematic review asked: in patients aged over 65 years with unreconstructable DHFs, what differences are there in outcomes, as measured by patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), range of motion (ROM), and complications, between distal humeral HA and TEA?


A systematic review of the literature was performed via a search of MEDLINE and Embase. Two reviewers extracted data on PROMs, ROM, and complications. PROMs and ROM results were reported descriptively and a meta-analysis of complications was conducted. Quality of methodology was assessed using Wylde’s non-summative four-point system. The study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021228329).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 5 | Pages 843 - 847
1 Nov 1989
Forster I Warren-Smith C Tew M

We set up a trial to test whether the KT1000 arthrometer would give consistent measurements of anteroposterior laxity when used by the same and different examiners on the knees of the same subjects on the same day. The results showed substantial inter- and intra-examiner variation in the measurements both of absolute displacement in single knees and of side-to-side differences between pairs of knees. This casts doubt on the reliability of the instrument when used to compare the results of different techniques for reconstructing injured cruciate ligaments.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 715 - 718
1 Nov 1987
Warren-Smith C Ward M

The place and effectiveness of surgery for acromioclavicular dislocation is disputed. We have reviewed 29 patients all treated by an operation which holds the clavicle down to the coracoid process. This was effective in both acute and late cases, with rapid return to work, a low incidence of complications and no requirement for secondary procedures. We consider it to be the method of choice when operation is indicated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 1 | Pages 14 - 20
1 Jan 1985
Puri R Smith C Malhotra D Williams A Owen R Harris F

The pathogenesis of slipped upper femoral epiphysis is unknown but the condition has been linked with various endocrine disorders. Nine patients with slipped epiphyses in association with primary juvenile hypothyroidism are presented. In all patients, slipping occurred or symptoms developed in the affected hip before the hypothyroidism was diagnosed. A generalised pathology was suggested by the absence of trauma (8 patients), by bilateral slipping (6 patients), and by obesity and short stature in all patients. All cases had delayed skeletal maturation and characteristic metaphysial changes were seen on their radiographs. The clinical diagnosis of juvenile hypothyroidism can be difficult but it merits consideration in patients who have a slipped upper femoral epiphysis in association with short stature, obesity, delay in skeletal maturity, or any one of these.