header advert
Results 1 - 10 of 10
Results per page:
Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 1, Issue 2 | Pages 8 - 12
18 Feb 2020
Bhimani SJ Bhimani R Smith A Eccles C Smith L Malkani A


Robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RA-TKA) has been introduced to provide accurate bone cuts and help achieve the target knee alignment, along with symmetric gap balancing. The purpose of this study was to determine if any early clinical benefits could be realized following TKA using robotic-assisted technology.


In all, 140 consecutive patients undergoing RA-TKA and 127 consecutive patients undergoing conventional TKA with minimum six-week follow-up were reviewed. Differences in visual analogue scores (VAS) for pain at rest and with activity, postoperative opiate usage, and length of stay (LOS) between the RA-TKA and conventional TKA groups were compared.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 6_Supple_B | Pages 91 - 96
1 Jun 2019
Smith A Denehy K Ong KL Lau E Hagan D Malkani A


Cephalomedullary nails (CMNs) are commonly used for the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) may be used as a salvage procedure when fixation fails in these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the complications of THA following failed intertrochanteric hip fracture fixation using a CMN.

Patients and Methods

Patients who underwent THA were identified from the 5% subset of Medicare Parts A/B between 2002 and 2015. A subgroup involving those with an intertrochanteric fracture that was treated using a CMN during the previous five years was identified and compared with the remaining patients who underwent THA. The length of stay (LOS) was compared using both univariate and multivariate analysis. The incidence of infection, dislocation, revision, and re-admission was compared between the two groups, using multivariate analysis adjusted for demographic, hospital, and clinical factors.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1471 - 1478
1 Nov 2016
Mooney LT Smith A Sloan K Clark GW


The aim of this study was to investigate differences in pain, range of movement function and satisfaction at three months and one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with an oblique pattern of kinematic graph of the knee and those with a varus pattern.

Patients and Methods

A total of 91 patients who underwent TKA were included in this retrospective study. Patients (59 women and 32 men with mean age of 68.7 years; 38.6 to 88.4) were grouped according to kinematic graphs which were generated during navigated TKA and the outcomes between the groups were compared.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1056 - 1062
1 Aug 2015
Kanawati AJ Narulla RS Lorentzos P Facchetti G Smith A Stewart F

The aim of this cadaver study was to identify the change in position of the sciatic nerve during arthroplasty using the posterior surgical approach to the hip. We investigated the position of the nerve during this procedure by dissecting 11 formalin-treated cadavers (22 hips: 12 male, ten female). The distance between the sciatic nerve and the femoral neck was measured before and after dislocation of the hip, and in positions used during the preparation of the femur. The nerve moves closer to the femoral neck when the hip is flexed to > 30° and internally rotated to 90° (90° IR). The mean distance between the nerve and femoral neck was 43.1 mm (standard deviation (sd) 8.7) with the hip at 0° of flexion and 90° IR; this significantly decreased to a mean of 36.1 mm (sd 9.5), 28.8 mm (sd 9.8) and 19.1 mm (sd 9.7) at 30°, 60° and 90° of hip flexion respectively (p < 0.001). In two hips the nerve was in contact with the femoral neck when the hip was flexed to 90°.

This study demonstrates that the sciatic nerve becomes closer to the operative field during hip arthroplasty using the posterior approach with progressive flexion of the hip.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:1056–62.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 7 | Pages 983 - 985
1 Sep 2004
Rajasekhar C Das S Smith A

We report the outcome of 135 knees with anteromedial osteoarthritis in which the Oxford meniscal-bearing unicompartmental arthroplasty was inserted in a district general hospital by a single surgeon. All the knees had an intact anterior cruciate ligament, a correctable varus deformity and the lateral compartment was uninvolved or had only minor osteoarthritis. The mean follow-up was 5.82 years (2 to 12).

Using revision as the end-point, the outcome for every knee was established. Five knees have been revised giving a cumulative rate of survival of the prosthesis at ten years of 94.04% (95% confidence interval 84.0 to 97.8). Knee rating and patient function were assessed using the modified Knee Society scoring system. The mean knee score was 92.2 (51 to 100) and the mean functional score 76.2 (51 to 100).

The survival of the implant is comparable to that reported by the designers of the prosthesis and not significantly different from that for total knee replacement. Unicompartmental knee replacement offers a viable alternative in patients with medial osteoarthritis. Appropriate selection of patients and good surgical technique are the key factors.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1075 - 1081
1 Sep 2002
Bull AMJ Earnshaw PH Smith A Katchburian MV Hassan ANA Amis AA

Our objectives were to establish the envelope of passive movement and to demonstrate the kinematic behaviour of the knee during standard clinical tests before and after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). An electromagnetic device was used to measure movement of the joint during surgery.

Reconstruction of the ACL significantly reduced the overall envelope of tibial rotation (10° to 90° flexion), moved this envelope into external rotation from 0° to 20° flexion, and reduced the anterior position of the tibial plateau (5° to 30° flexion) (p < 0.05 for all). During the pivot-shift test in early flexion there was progressive anterior tibial subluxation with internal rotation. These subluxations reversed suddenly around a mean position of 36 ± 9° of flexion of the knee and consisted of an external tibial rotation of 13 ± 8° combined with a posterior tibial translation of 12 ± 8 mm. This abnormal movement was abolished after reconstruction of the ACL.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 6 | Pages 846 - 851
1 Aug 2002
Gupte CM Smith A McDermott ID Bull AMJ Thomas RD Amis AA

The meniscofemoral ligaments were studied in 84 fresh-frozen knees from 49 cadavers. Combined anterior and posterior approaches were used to identify the ligaments. In total, 78 specimens (93%) contained at least one meniscofemoral ligament. The anterior meniscofemoral ligament (aMFL) was present in 62 specimens (74%), and the posterior meniscofemoral ligament (pMFL) in 58 (69%). The 42 specimens (50%) in which both ligaments were present were from a significantly younger population than that with one MFL or none (p < 0.05). Several anatomical variations were identified, including oblique fibres of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which were seen in 16 specimens (19%). These were termed the ‘false pMFL’.

The high incidence of MFLs and their anatomical variations should be borne in mind during arthroscopic and radiological examination of the PCL. It is important to recognise the oblique fibres of the PCL on MRI in order to avoid wrongly identifying them as either a pMFL or a tear of the lateral meniscus. The increased incidence of MFLs in younger donors suggests that they degenerate with age.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1043 - 1043
1 Nov 1997
Turner-Smith A

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 5 | Pages 754 - 756
1 Sep 1994
Spalding T Kiss J Kyberd P Turner-Smith A Simpson A

We measured the driver reaction times of 40 patients before total knee replacement (TKR) and 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks after operation. The ability to perform an emergency stop was assessed as the time taken to achieve a brake pressure of 100 N after a visual stimulus. There were 18 drivers and 11 non-drivers; the latter had longer reaction times. In drivers, the ability to transfer the right foot from accelerator to brake pedal did not recover to preoperative levels for eight weeks after right TKR and was unchanged after left TKR. Patients should be advised that they should not drive for at least eight weeks after right TKR.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 2 | Pages 261 - 266
1 Mar 1988
Jefferson R Weisz I Turner-Smith A Harris J Houghton G

Thirty-four patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were assessed by radiography and the integrated shape imaging system (ISIS) both before and after spinal surgery. Twenty-seven patients underwent Harrington instrumentation, after which lateral indices of curvature were significantly improved, but changes in the transverse plane were less pronounced. Sublaminar wiring was carried out in two patients whose thoracic lordosis was corrected by the surgery. Five patients whose severe deformity had persisted after previous spinal surgery underwent costoplasty, which resulted in a significant improvement in back shape measurements. We conclude that the cosmetic deformity of the back in scoliosis is only partially corrected by operations on the spine itself, whilst costoplasty addresses the problem directly, and improves the surface shape.