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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 358 - 363
1 Apr 2000
Beck M Sledge JB Gautier E Dora CF Ganz R

In order to investigate the functional anatomy of gluteus minimus we dissected 16 hips in fresh cadavers. The muscle originates from the external aspect of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, and also at the sciatic notch from the inside of the pelvis where it protects the superior gluteal nerve and artery. It inserts anterosuperiorly into the capsule of the hip and continues to its main insertion on the greater trochanter.

Based on these anatomical findings, a model was developed using plastic bones. A study of its mechanics showed that gluteus minimus acts as a flexor, an abductor and an internal or external rotator, depending on the position of the femur and which part of the muscle is active. It follows that one of its functions is to stabilise the head of the femur in the acetabulum by tightening the capsule and applying pressure on the head. Careful preservation or reattachment of the tendon of gluteus minimus during surgery on the hip is strongly recommended.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 946 - 953
1 Nov 1998
Gill TJ Sledge JB Müller ME

Patients who had a revision total hip arthroplasty using the Bürch-Schneider anti-protrusio cage (APC) by a single surgeon have been reviewed after a minimum of five years. There were 63 operations in 58 patients with an average age of 63 years (41 to 83) at the time of revision. At an average follow-up of 8.5 years (5 to 18), 15 patients (25.9%) rated their results as excellent, 38 (65.5%) as good, and five (8.6%) as fair. Five further revisions of the acetabular prosthesis were required, three due to aseptic loosening, one for recurrent dislocation and one due to sepsis. Of the remainder, one was definitely loose, two probably loose, and 12 possibly so.

Impressive augmentation of bone stock can be achieved with the anti-protrusio cage, while enabling the hip to be centred in its anatomical position.