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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 3 | Pages 400 - 404
1 Mar 2008
Johansson HR Skripitz R Aspenberg P

We have examined the deterioration of implant fixation after withdrawal of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in rats. First, the pull-out force for stainless-steel screws in the proximal tibia was measured at different times after withdrawal. The stimulatory effect of PTH on fixation was lost after 16 days. We then studied whether bisphosphonates could block this withdrawal effect. Mechanical and histomorphometric measurements were conducted for five weeks after implantation. Subcutaneous injections were given daily. Specimens treated with either PTH or saline during the first two weeks showed no difference in the mechanical or histological results (pull-out force 76 N vs 81 N; bone volume density 19% vs 20%). Treatment with PTH for two weeks followed by pamidronate almost doubled the pull-out force (152 N; p < 0.001) and the bone volume density (37%; ANOVA, p < 0.001). Pamidronate alone did not have this effect (89 N and 25%, respectively). Thus, the deterioration can be blocked by bisphosphonates. The clinical implications are discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 3 | Pages 437 - 440
1 Apr 2001
Skripitz R Aspenberg P

The intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) increases the formation of bone by stimulating osteoblastic activity. Our study evaluates the possibility that intermittent treatment with PTH (1-34) may also enhance the implant-bone fixation of stainless-steel screws. Twenty-eight rats received one screw in either one (n = 8) or in both (n = 20) proximal tibiae. We administered either PTH (1-34) in a dosage of 60 μg/kg/day (n = 14) or vehicle (n = 14) over a period of four weeks. At the end of this time, the degree of fixation was assessed by measuring the removal torque on one screw in each rat (n = 28) and the pull-out strength on the contralateral screw (n = 20). PTH increased the mean removal torque from 1.1 to 3.5 Ncm (p = 0.001) and the mean pull-out strength from 66 to 145 N (p = 0.002). No significant differences in body-weight or ash weight of the femora were seen. Histological examination showed that both groups had areas of soft tissue at the implant-bone interface, but these appeared less in the PTH group. These results indicate that intermittent treatment with PTH may enhance the early fixation of orthopaedic implants.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 1 | Pages 138 - 141
1 Jan 2000
Skripitz R Andreassen TT Aspenberg P

Intermittent treatment with parathyroid hormone (PTH) has an anabolic effect on both intact cancellous and cortical bone. Very little is known about the effect of the administration of PTH on the healing of fractures or the incorporation of orthopaedic implants. We have investigated the spontaneous ingrowth of callus and the formation of bone in a titanium chamber implanted at the medioproximal aspect of the tibial metaphysis of the rat. Four groups of ten male rats weighing approximately 350 g were injected with human PTH (1-34) in a dosage of 0, 15, 60 or 240 μg/kg/day, respectively, for 42 days from the day of implantation of the chamber.

During the observation period the chamber became only partly filled with callus and bone and no difference in ingrowth distance into the chamber was found between the groups. The cancellous density was increased by 90%, 132% and 173% in the groups given PTH in a dosage of 15, 60 or 240 μg/kg/day, respectively. There was a linear correlation between bone density and the log PTH doses (r2= 0.6).

Our findings suggest that treatment with PTH may have a potential for enhancement of the incorporation of orthopaedic implants as well as a beneficial effect on the healing of fractures when it is given in low dosages.