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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1041 - 1047
1 Aug 2020
Hamoodi Z Singh J Elvey MH Watts AC


The Wrightington classification system of fracture-dislocations of the elbow divides these injuries into six subtypes depending on the involvement of the coronoid and the radial head. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and reproducibility of this classification system.


This was a blinded study using radiographs and CT scans of 48 consecutive patients managed according to the Wrightington classification system between 2010 and 2018. Four trauma and orthopaedic consultants, two post CCT fellows, and one speciality registrar based in the UK classified the injuries. The seven observers reviewed preoperative radiographs and CT scans twice, with a minimum four-week interval. Radiographs and CT scans were reviewed separately. Inter- and intraobserver reliability were calculated using Fleiss and Cohen kappa coefficients. The Landis and Koch criteria were used to interpret the strength of the kappa values. Validity was assessed by calculating the percentage agreement against intraoperative findings.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1542 - 1547
1 Nov 2016
Sampath Kumar V Tyrrell PNM Singh J Gregory J Cribb GL Cool P


The purpose of this study was to determine if clinical and radiological surveillance of cartilage tumours with low biological activity is appropriate.

Patients and Methods

A total of 98 patients with an intramedullary cartilage neoplasm in a long bone met our inclusion criteria and were included in the study. These patients had undergone a total of 384 scans. Patients with radiological follow-up of more than three years (46 patients) were divided into two groups: an active group (11 patients) and a latent group (35 patients).